áÒÔÕÒ ëÌÁÒË. 3001: ðÏÓÌÅÄÎÑÑ ÏÄÉÓÓÅÑ(engl)
Original copyright year: 1997
Genre: science fiction
For Cherene, Tamara and Melinda -- may you be happy in a far better century
Call them the Firstborn. Though they were not remotely human, they were
flesh and blood, and when they looked out across the deeps of space, they
felt awe, and wonder -- and loneliness. As soon as they possessed the power,
they began to seek for fellowship among the stars.
In their explorations, they encountered life in many forms, and watched
the workings of evolution on a thousand worlds. They saw how often the first
faint sparks of intelligence flickered and died in the cosmic night.
And because, in all the Galaxy, they had found nothing more precious
than Mind, they encouraged its dawning everywhere. They became farmers in
the fields of stars; they sowed, and sometimes they reaped.
And sometimes, dispassionately, they had to weed.
The great dinosaurs had long since passed away, their morning promise
annihilated by a random hammerblow from space, when the survey ship entered
the Solar System after a voyage that had already lasted a thousand years. It
swept past the frozen outer planets, paused briefly above the deserts of
dying Mars, and presently looked down on Earth.
Spread out beneath them, the explorers saw a world swarming with life.
For years they studied, collected, catalogued. When they had learned all
that they could, they began to modify. They tinkered with the destiny of
many species, on land and in the seas. But which of their experiments would
bear fruit, they could not know for at least a million years.
They were patient, but they were not yet immortal. There was so much to
do in this universe of a hundred billion suns, and other worlds were
calling. So they set out once more into the abyss, knowing that they would
never come this way again. Nor was there any need: the servants they had
left behind would do the rest.
On Earth, the glaciers came and went, while above them the changeless
Moon still carried its secret from the stars. With a yet slower rhythm than
the polar ice, the tides of civilization ebbed and flowed across the Galaxy.
Strange and beautiful and terrible empires rose and fell, and passed on
their knowledge to their successors.
And now, out among the stars, evolution was driving towards new goals.
The first explorers of Earth had long since come to the limits of flesh and
blood; as soon as their machines were better than their bodies, it was time
to move. First their brains, and then their thoughts alone, they transferred
into shining new homes of metal and gemstone. In these, they roamed the
Galaxy. They no longer built spaceships. They were spaceships.
But the age of the Machine-entities swiftly passed. In their ceaseless
experimenting, they had learned to store knowledge in the structure of space
itself, and to preserve their thoughts for eternity in frozen lattices of
Into pure energy, therefore, they presently transformed themselves; and
on a thousand worlds, the empty shells they had discarded twitched for a
while in a mindless dance of death, then crumbled into dust.
Now they were Lords of the Galaxy, and could rove at will among the
stars, or sink like a subtle mist through the very interstices of space.
Though they were freed at last from the tyranny of matter, they had not
wholly forgotten their origin, in the warm slime of a vanished sea. And
their marvellous instruments still continued to function, watching over the
experiments started so many ages ago.
But no longer were they always obedient to the mandates of their
creators; like all material things, they were not immune to the corruption
of Time and its patient, unsleeping servant, Entropy.
And sometimes, they discovered and sought goals of their own.
1 Comet Cowboy
Captain Dimitri Chandler [M2973.04.21/93.106//Mars//I SpaceAcad3005] --
or 'Dim' to his very best friends -- was understandably annoyed. The message
from Earth had taken six hours to reach the space-tug Goliath, here beyond
the orbit of Neptune; if it had arrived ten minutes later he could have
answered 'Sorry -- can't leave now -- we've just started to deploy the
The excuse would have been perfectly valid: wrapping a comet's core in
a sheet of reflective film only a few molecules thick, but kilometres on a
side, was not the sort of job you could abandon while it was half-completed.
Still, it would be a good idea to obey this ridiculous request: he was
already in disfavour sunwards, through no fault of his own. Collecting ice
from the rings of Saturn, and nudging it towards Venus and Mercury, where it
was really needed, had started back in the 2700s -- three centuries ago.
Captain Chandler had never been able to see any real difference in the
'before and after' images the Solar Conservers were always producing, to
support their accusations of celestial vandalism. But the general public,
still sensitive to the ecological disasters of previous centuries, had
thought otherwise, and the 'Hands off Saturn!' vote had passed by a
substantial majority. As a result, Chandler was no longer a Ring Rustler,
but a Comet Cowboy.
So here he was at an appreciable fraction of the distance to Alpha
Centauri, rounding up stragglers from the Kuiper Belt. There was certainly
enough ice out here to cover Mercury and Venus with oceans kilometres deep,
but it might take centuries to extinguish their hell-fires and make them
suitable for life. The Solar Conservers, of course, were still protesting
against this, though no longer with so much enthusiasm. The millions dead
from the tsunami caused by the Pacific asteroid in 2304 -- how ironic that a
land impact would have done much less damage! -- had reminded all future
generations that the human race had too many eggs in one fragile basket.
Well, Chandler told himself, it would be fifty years before this
particular package reached its destination, so a delay of a week would
hardly make much difference. But all the calculations about rotation, centre
of mass, and thrust vectors would have to be redone, and radioed back to
Mars for checking. It was a good idea to do your sums carefully, before
nudging billions of tons of ice along an orbit that might take it within
hailing distance of Earth.
As they had done so many times before, Captain Chandler's eyes strayed
towards the ancient photograph above his desk. It showed a three-masted
steamship, dwarfed by the iceberg that was looming above it -- as, indeed,
Goliath was dwarfed at this very moment.
How incredible, he had often thought, that only one long lifetime
spanned the gulf between this primitive Discovery and the ship that had
carried the same name to Jupiter! And what would those Antarctic explorers
of a thousand years ago have made of the view from his bridge? They would
certainly have been disoriented, for the wall of ice beside which Goliath
was floating stretched both upwards and downwards as far as the eye could
see. And it was strange-looking ice, wholly lacking the immaculate whites
and blues of the frozen Polar seas. In fact, it looked dirty -- as indeed it
was. For only some ninety per cent was water-ice: the rest was a witch's
brew of carbon and sulphur compounds, most of them stable only at
temperatures not far above absolute zero. Thawing them out could produce
unpleasant surprises: as one astrochemist had famously remarked, 'Comets
have bad breath'.
'Skipper to all personnel,' Chandler announced. 'There's been a slight
change of programme. We've been asked to delay operations, to investigate a
target that Spaceguard radar has picked up.'
'Any details?' somebody asked, when the chorus of groans over the
ship's intercom had died away.
'Not many, but I gather it's another Millennium Committee project
they've forgotten to cancel.'
More groans: everyone had become heartily sick of all the events
planned to celebrate the end of the 2000s. There had been a general sigh of
relief when 1 January 3001 had passed uneventfully, and the human race could
resume its normal activities.
'Anyway, it will probably be another false alarm, like the last one.
We'll get back to work just as quickly as we can. Skipper out.'
This was the third wild-goose-chase, Chandler thought morosely, he'd
been involved with during his career. Despite centuries of exploration, the
Solar System could still produce surprises, and presumably Spaceguard had a
good reason for its request. He only hoped that some imaginative idiot
hadn't once again sighted the fabled Golden Asteroid. If it did exist --
which Chandler did not for a moment believe -- it would be no more than a
mineralogical curiosity: it would be of far less real value than the ice he
was nudging sunwards, to bring life to barren worlds.
There was one possibility, however, which he did take quite seriously.
Already, the human race had scattered its robot probes through a volume of
space a hundred light-years across -- and the Tycho Monolith was sufficient
reminder that much older civilizations had engaged in similar activities.
There might well be other alien artefacts in the Solar System, or in transit
through it. Captain Chandler suspected that Spaceguard had something like
this in mind: otherwise it would hardly have diverted a Class I space-tug to
go chasing after an unidentified radar blip.
Five hours later, the questing Goliath detected the echo at extreme
range; even allowing for the distance, it seemed disappointingly small.
However, as it grew clearer and stronger, it began to give the signature of
a metallic object, perhaps a couple of metres long. It was travelling on an
orbit heading out of the Solar System, so was almost certainly, Chandler
decided, one of the myriad pieces of space-junk that Mankind had tossed
towards the stars during the last millennium and which might one day provide
the only evidence that the human race had ever existed.
Then it came close enough for visual inspection, and Captain Chandler
realized, with awed astonishment, that some patient historian was still
checking the earliest records of the Space Age. What a pity that the
computers had given him the answer, just a few years too late for the
'Goliath here,' Chandler radioed Earthwards, his voice tinged with
pride as well as solemnity. 'We're bringing aboard a thousand-year-old
astronaut. And I can guess who it is.'
Frank Poole awoke, but he did not remember. He was not even sure of his
Obviously, he was in a hospital room: even though his eyes were still
closed, the most primitive, and evocative, of his senses told him that. Each
breath brought the faint and not unpleasant tang of antiseptics in the air,
and it triggered a memory of the time when -- of course! -- as a reckless
teenager he had broken a rib in the Arizona Hang-gliding Championship.
Now it was all beginning to come back. I'm Deputy Commander Frank
Poole, Executive Officer, USSS Discovery, on a Top Secret mission to Jupiter
-- It seemed as if an icy hand had gripped his heart. He remembered, in
slow-motion playback, that runaway space-pod jetting towards him, metal
claws outstretched. Then the silent impact -- and the not-so-silent hiss of
air rushing out of his suit. After that -- one last memory, of spinning
helplessly in space, trying in vain to reconnect his broken air-hose.
Well, whatever mysterious accident had happened to the space-pod
controls, he was safe now. Presumably Dave had made a quick EVA and rescued
him before lack of oxygen could do permanent brain damage.
Good old Dave! He told himself. I must thank -- just a moment! -- I'm
obviously not aboard Discovery now -- surely I haven't been unconscious long
enough to be taken back to Earth!
His confused train of thought was abruptly broken by the arrival of a
Matron and two nurses, wearing the immemorial uniform of their profession.
They seemed a little surprised: Poole wondered if he had awakened ahead of
schedule, and the idea gave him a childish feeling of satisfaction.
'Hello!' he said, after several attempts; his vocal cords appeared to
be very rusty. 'How am I doing?'
Matron smiled back at him and gave an obvious 'Don't try to talk'
command by putting a finger to her lips. Then the two nurses fussed swiftly
over him with practised skill, checking pulse, temperature, reflexes. When
one of them lifted his right arm and let it drop again, Poole noticed
something peculiar It fell slowly, and did not seem to weigh as much as
normal. Nor, for that matter, did his body, when he attempted to move.
So I must be on a planet, he thought. Or a space-station with
artificial gravity. Certainly not Earth -- I don't weigh enough.
He was about to ask the obvious question when Matron pressed something
against the side of his neck; he felt a slight tingling sensation, and sank
back into a dreamless sleep. Just before he became unconscious, he had time
for one more puzzled thought.
How odd -- they never spoke a single word -- all the time they were
When he woke again, and found Matron and nurses standing round his bed,
Poole felt strong enough to assert himself.
'Where am I? Surely you can tell me that!' The three women exchanged
glances, obviously uncertain what to do next. Then Matron answered,
enunciating her words very slowly and carefully: 'Everything is fine, Mr
Poole. Professor Anderson will be here in a minute He will explain.'
Explain what? thought Poole with some exasperation. But at least she
speaks English, even though I can't place her accent.
Anderson must have been already on his way, for the door opened moments
later -- to give Poole a brief glimpse of a small crowd of inquisitive
onlookers peering in at him. He began to feel like a new exhibit at a zoo.
Professor Anderson was a small, dapper man whose features seemed to
have combined key aspects of several races -- Chinese, Polynesian, Nordic --
in a thoroughly confusing fashion. He greeted Poole by holding up his right
palm, then did an obvious double-take and shook hands, with such a curious
hesitation that he might have been rehearsing some quite unfamiliar gesture.
'Glad to see you're looking so well, Mr Poole... We'll have you up in
Again that odd accent and slow delivery -- but the confident bedside
manner was that of all doctors, in all places and all ages.
'I'm glad to hear it. Now perhaps you can answer a few questions...'
'Of course, of course. But just a minute.'
Anderson spoke so rapidly and quietly to the Matron that Poole could
catch only a few words, several of which were wholly unfamiliar to him. Then
the Matron nodded at one of the nurses, who opened a wall-cupboard and
produced a slim metal band, which she proceeded to wrap around Poole's head.
'What's that for?' he asked -- being one of those difficult patients,
so annoying to doctors, who always want to know just what's happening to
them. 'EEC readout?'
Professor, Matron and nurses looked equally baffled. Then a slow smile
spread across Anderson's face.
'Oh -- electro... enceph .. alo... gram,' he said slowly, as if
dredging the word up from the depth of memory, 'You're quite right. We just
want to monitor your brain functions.'
My brain would function perfectly well if you'd let me use it, Poole
grumbled silently. But at least we seem to be getting somewhere -- finally.
'Mr Poole,' said Anderson, still speaking in that curious stilted
voice, as if venturing in a foreign language, 'you know, of course, that you
were -- disabled -- in a serious accident, while you were working outside
Poole nodded agreement.
'I'm beginning to suspect,' he said dryly, 'that "disabled" is a slight
Anderson relaxed visibly, and a slow smile spread across his face.
'You're quite correct. Tell me what you think happened.'
'Well, the best case scenario is that, after I became unconscious, Dave
Bowman rescued me and brought me back to the ship. How is Dave? No one will
tell me anything!'
'All in due course... and the worst case?'
It seemed to Frank Poole that a chill wind was blowing gently on the
back of his neck. The suspicion that had been slowly forming in his mind
began to solidify.
'That I died, but was brought back here -- wherever "here" is -- and
you've been able to revive me. Thank you...'
'Quite correct. And you're back on Earth. Well, very near it.'
What did he mean by 'very near it'? There was certainly a gravity field
here -- so he was probably inside the slowly turning wheel of an orbiting
space-station. No matter: there was something much more important to think
Poole did some quick mental calculations. If Dave had put him in the
hibernaculum, revived the rest of the crew, and completed the mission to
Jupiter -- why, he could have been 'dead' for as much as five years!
'Just what date is it?' he asked, as calmly as possible.
Professor and Matron exchanged glances. Again Poole felt that cold wind
on his neck.
'I must tell you, Mr Poole, that Bowman did not rescue you. He believed
-- and we cannot blame him -- that you were irrevocably dead. Also, he was
facing a desperately serious crisis that threatened his own survival...'
'So you drifted on into space, passed through the Jupiter system, and
headed out towards the stars. Fortunately, you were so far below freezing
point that there was no metabolism -- but it's a near-miracle that you were
ever found at all. You are one of the luckiest men alive. No -- ever to have
Am I? Poole asked himself bleakly. Five years, indeed! It could be a
century -- or even more.
'Let me have it,' he demanded.
Professor and Matron seemed to be consulting an invisible monitor: when
they looked at each other and nodded agreement, Poole guessed that they were
all plugged into the hospital information circuit, linked to the headband he
'Frank,' said Professor Anderson, making a smooth switch to the role of
long-time family physician, 'this will be a great shock to you, but you're
capable of accepting it -- and the sooner you know, the better.'
'We're near the beginning of the Fourth Millennium. Believe me -- you
left Earth almost a thousand years ago.'
'I believe you,' Poole answered calmly. Then, to his great annoyance,
the room started to spin around him, and he knew nothing more.
When he regained consciousness, he found that he was no longer in a
bleak hospital room but in a luxurious suite with attractive -- and steadily
changing -- images on the walls. Some of these were famous and familiar
paintings, others showed land and sea-scapes that might have been from his
own time. There was nothing alien or upsetting: that, he guessed, would come
His present surroundings had obviously been carefully programmed: he
wondered if there was the equivalent of a television screen somewhere (how
many channels would the Fourth Millennium have?) but could see no sign of
any controls near his bed. There was so much he would have to learn in this
new world: he was a savage who had suddenly encountered civilization.
But first, he must regain his strength -- and learn the language; not
even the advent of sound recording, already more than a century old when
Poole was born, had prevented major changes in grammar and pronunciation.
And there were thousands of new words, mostly from science and technology,
though often he was able to make a shrewd guess at their meaning.
More frustrating, however, were the myriad of famous and infamous
personal names that had accumulated over the millennium, and which meant
nothing to him. For weeks, until he had built up a data bank, most of his
conversations had to be interrupted with potted biographies. As Poole's
strength increased, so did the number of his visitors, though always under
Professor Anderson's watchful eye. They included medical specialists,
scholars of several disciplines, and -- of the greatest interest to him --
There was little that he could tell the doctors and historians that was
not recorded somewhere in Mankind's gigantic data banks, but he was often
able to give them research shortcuts and new insights about the events of
his own time. Though they all treated him with the utmost respect and
listened patiently as he tried to answer their questions, they seemed
reluctant to answer his. Poole began to feel that he was being
over-protected from culture shock, and half-seriously wondered how he could
escape from his suite. On the few occasions he was alone, he was not
surprised to discover that the door was locked.
Then the arrival of Doctor Indra Wallace changed everything. Despite
her name, her chief racial component appeared to be Japanese, and there were
times when with just a little imagination Poole could picture her as a
rather mature Geisha Girl. It was hardly an appropriate image for a
distinguished historian, holding a Virtual Chair at a university still
boasting real ivy.
She was the first visitor with a fluent command of Poole's own English,
so he was delighted to meet her.
'Mr Poole,' she began, in a very business-like voice, 'I've been
appointed your official guide and -- let's say -- mentor. My qualifications
-- I've specialized in your period -- my thesis was "The Collapse of the
Nation-State, 2000-50". 1 believe we can help each other in many ways.'
'I'm sure we can. First I'd like you to get me out of here, so I can
see a little of your world.'
'Exactly what we intend to do. But first we must give you an Ident.
Until then you'll be -- what was the term? --a non-person. It would be
almost impossible for you to go anywhere, or get anything done. No input
device would recognize your existence.'
'Just what I expected,' Poole answered, with a wry smile. 'It was
starting to get that way in my own time -- and many people hated the idea.'
'Some still do. They go off and live in the wilderness -- there's a lot
more on Earth than there was in your century! But they always take their
compaks with them, so they can call for help as soon as they get into
trouble. The median time is about five days.'
'Sorry to hear that. The human race has obviously deteriorated.'
He was cautiously testing her, trying to find the limits of her
tolerance and to map out her personality. It was obvious that they were
going to spend much time together, and that he would have to depend upon her
in hundreds of ways. Yet he was still not sure if he would even like her:
perhaps she regarded him merely as a fascinating museum exhibit.
Rather to Poole's surprise, she agreed with his criticism.
'That may be true -- in some respects. Perhaps we're physically weaker,
but we're healthier and better adjusted than most humans who have ever
lived. The Noble Savage was always a myth'.
She walked over to a small rectangular plate, set at eye-level in the
door. It was about the size of one of the countless magazines that had
proliferated in the far-off Age of Print, and Poole had noticed that every
room seemed to have at least one. Usually they were blank, but sometimes
they contained lines of slowly scrolling text, completely meaningless to
Poole even when most of the words were familiar. Once a plate in his suite
had emitted urgent beepings, which he had ignored on the assumption that
someone else would deal with the problem, whatever it was. Fortunately the
noise stopped as abruptly as it had started.
Dr Wallace laid the palm of her hand upon the plate, then removed it
after a few seconds. She glanced at Poole, and said smilingly: 'Come and
look at this.'
The inscription that had suddenly appeared made a good deal of sense,
when he read it slowly:WALLACE, INDRA [F2970.03.11 :31.885 / /HIST.OXFORD]
'I suppose it means Female, date of birth 11 March 2970 -- and that you're
associated with the Department of History at Oxford. And I guess that 31.885
is a personal identification number. Correct?'
'Excellent, Mr Poole. I've seen some of your e-mail addresses and
credit card numbers -- hideous strings of alpha-numeric gibberish that no
one could possibly remember! But we all know our date of birth, and not more
than 99,999 other people will share it. So a five-figure number is all
you'll ever need... and even if you forget that, it doesn't really matter.
As you see, it's a part of you.'
'Yes -- nanochip at birth, one in each palm for redundancy. You won't
even feel yours when it goes in. But you've given us a small problem...'
'The readers you'll meet most of the time are too simple-minded to
believe your date of birth. So, with your permission, we've moved it up a
'Permission granted. And the rest of the Ident?'
'Optional. You can leave it empty, give your current interests and
location -- or use it for personal messages, global or targeted.'
Some things, Poole was quite sure, would not have changed over the
centuries. A high proportion of those 'targeted' messages would be very
He wondered if there were still self or state-appointed censors in this
day and age -- and if their efforts at improving other people's morals had
been more successful than in his own time.
He would have to ask Dr Wallace about that, when he got to know her
4 A Room with a View
'Frank -- Professor Anderson thinks you're strong enough to go for a
'I'm very pleased to hear it. Do you know the expression "stir crazy"?'
'No -- but I can guess what it means.'
Poole had so adapted to the low gravity that the long strides he was
taking seemed perfectly normal. Half a gee, he had estimated -- just right
to give a sense of well-being. They met only a few people on their walk, all
of them strangers, but every one gave a smile of recognition. By now, Poole
told himself with a trace of smugness, I must be one of the best-known
celebrities in this world. That should be a great help -- when I decide what
to do with the rest of my life. At least another century, if I can believe
The corridor along which they were walking was completely featureless
apart from occasional numbered doors, each bearing one of the universal
recog panels. Poole had followed Indra for perhaps two hundred metres when
he came to a sudden halt, shocked because he had not realized something so
'This space-station must be enormous!' he exclaimed. Indra smiled back
'Didn't you have a saying -- "You ain't seen anything yet"?'
'"Nothing",' he corrected, absent-mindedly. He was still trying to
estimate the scale of this structure when he had another surprise. Who would
have imagined a space-station large enough to boast a subway -- admittedly a
miniature one, with a single small coach capable of seating only a dozen
'Observation Lounge Three,' ordered Indra, and they drew silently and
swiftly away from the terminal.
Poole checked the time on the elaborate wrist-band whose functions he
was still exploring. One minor surprise had been that the whole world was
now on Universal Time: the confusing patchwork of Time Zones had been swept
away by the advent of global communications There had been much talk of
this, back in the twenty-first century, and it had even been suggested that
Solar should be replaced by Sidereal Time. Then, during the course of the
year, the Sun would move right round the clock: setting at the time it had
risen six months earlier.
However, nothing had come of this 'Equal time in the Sun' proposal --
or of even more vociferous attempts to reform the calendar. That particular
job, it had been cynically suggested, would have to wait for somewhat major
advances in technology. Some day, surely, one of God's minor mistakes would
be corrected, and the Earth's orbit would be adjusted, to give every year
twelve months of thirty exactly equal days.
As far as Poole could judge by speed and elapsed time, they must have
travelled at least three kilometres before the vehicle came to a silent
stop, the doors opened, and a bland autovoice intoned, 'Have a good view.
Thirty-five per cent cloud-cover today.'
At last, thought Poole, we're getting near the outer wall. But here was
another mystery -- despite the distance he had gone, neither the strength
nor the direction of gravity had altered! He could not imagine a spinning
space-station so huge that the gee-vector would not be changed by such a
displacement... could he really be on some planet after all? But he would
feel lighter -- usually much lighter -- on any other habitable world in the
When the outer door of the terminal opened, and Poole found himself
entering a small airlock, he realized that he must indeed be in space. But
where were the spacesuits? He looked around anxiously: it was against all
his instincts to be so close to vacuum, naked and unprotected. One
experience of that was enough...
'We're nearly there,' said Indra reassuringly.
The last door opened, and he was looking out into the utter blackness
of space, through a huge window that was curved both vertically and
horizontally. He felt like a goldfish in its bowl, and hoped that the
designers of this audacious piece of engineering knew exactly what they were
doing. They certainly possessed better structural materials than had existed
in his time.
Though the stars must be shining out there, his light-adapted eyes
could see nothing but black emptiness beyond the curve of the great window.
As he started to walk towards it to get a wider view, Indra restrained him
and pointed straight ahead.
'Look carefully,' she said 'Don't you see it-'
Poole blinked, and stared into the night. Surely it must be an illusion
-- even, heaven forbid, a crack in the window...
He moved his head from side to side. No, it was real. But what could it
be? He remembered Euclid's definition 'A lie has length, but no thickness'.
For spanning the whole height of the window, and obviously continuing
out of sight above and below, was a thread of light quite easy to see when
he looked for it, yet so one-dimensional that the word 'thin' could not even
be applied. However, it was not completely featureless; there were barely
visible spots of greater brilliance at irregular intervals along its length,
like drops of water on a spider's web.
Poole continued walking towards the window, and the view expanded until
at last he could see what lay below him. It was familiar enough: the whole
continent of Europe, and much of northern Africa, just as he had seen them
many times from space. So he was in orbit after all -- probably an
equatorial one, at a height of at least a thousand kilometres.
Indra was looking at him with a quizzical smile.
'Go closer to the window,' she said, very softly. 'So that you can look
straight down. I hope you have a good head for heights.'
What a silly thing to say to an astronaut! Poole told himself as he
moved forward. If I ever suffered from vertigo, I wouldn't be in this
The thought had barely passed through his mind when he cried 'My God!'
and involuntarily stepped back from the window, Then, bracing himself, he
dared to look again.
He was looking down on the distant Mediterranean from the face of a
cylindrical tower, whose gently curving wall indicated a diameter of several
kilometres. But that was nothing compared with its length, for it tapered
away down, down, down -- until it disappeared into the mist somewhere over
Africa. He assumed that it continued all the way to the surface.
'How high are we?' he whispered.
'Two thousand kay. But now look upwards.'
This time, it was not such a shock: he had expected what he would see.
The tower dwindled away until it became a glittering thread against the
blackness of space, and he did not doubt that it continued all the way to
the geostationary orbit, thirty-six thousand kilometres above the Equator.
Such fantasies had been well known in Poole's day: he had never dreamed he
would see the reality -- and be living in it.
He pointed towards the distant thread reaching up from the eastern
'That must be another one.'
'Yes -- the Asian Tower. We must look exactly the same to them.'
'How many are there?'
'Just four, equally spaced around the Equator. Africa, Asia, America,
Pacifica. The last one's almost empty -- only a few hundred levels
completed. Nothing to see except water...'
Poole was still absorbing this stupendous concept when a disturbing
thought occurred to him.
'There were already thousands of satellites, at all sorts of altitudes,
in my time. How do you avoid collisions?'
Indra looked slightly embarrassed.
'You know -- I never thought about that -- it's not my field.' She
paused for a moment, clearly searching her memory. Then her face brightened.
'I believe there was a big clean-up operation, centuries ago. There
just aren't any satellites, below the stationary orbit.'
That made sense, Poole told himself. They wouldn't be needed -- the
four gigantic towers could provide all the facilities once provided by
thousands of satellites and space-stations.
'And there have never been any accidents -- any collisions with
spaceships leaving earth, or re-entering the atmosphere?'
Indra looked at him with surprise.
'But they don't, any more,' She pointed to the ceiling. 'All the
spaceports are where they should be -- up there, on the outer ring. I
believe it's four hundred years since the last rocket lifted off from the
surface of the Earth.'
Poole was still digesting this when a trivial anomaly caught his
attention. His training as an astronaut had made him alert to anything out
of the ordinary: in space, that might be a matter of life or death.
The Sun was out of view, high overhead, but its rays streaming down
through the great window painted a brilliant band of light on the floor
underfoot. Cutting across that band at an angle was another, much fainter
one, so that the frame of the window threw a double shadow.
Poole had to go almost down on his knees so that he could peer up at
the sky. He had thought himself beyond surprise, but the spectacle of two
suns left him momentarily speechless.
'What's that?' he gasped, when he had recovered his breath.
'Oh -- haven't you been told? That's Lucifer.'
'Earth has another sun?'
'Well, it doesn't give us much heat, but it's put the Moon out of
business... Before the Second Mission went there to look for you, that was
the planet Jupiter.'
I knew I would have much to learn in this new world, Poole told
himself. But just how much, I never dreamed.
Poole was both astonished and delighted when the television set was
wheeled into the room and positioned at the end of his bed. Delighted
because he was suffering from mild information starvation -- and astonished
because it was a model which had been obsolete even in his own time.
'We've had to promise the Museum we'll give it back,' Matron informed
him. 'And I expect you know how to use this,'
As he fondled the remote-control, Poole felt a wave of acute nostalgia
sweep over him. As few other artefacts could, it brought back memories of
his childhood, and the days when most television sets were too stupid to
understand spoken commands.
'Thank you, Matron. What's the best news channel?'
She seemed puzzled by his question, then brightened.
'Oh -- I see what you mean. But Professor Anderson thinks you're not
quite ready yet. So Archives has put together a collection that will make
you feel at home.'
Poole wondered briefly what the storage medium was in this day and age.
He could still remember compact disks, and his eccentric old Uncle George
had been the proud possessor of a collection of vintage videotapes. But
surely that technological contest must have finished centuries ago -- in the
usual Darwinian way, with the survival of the fittest.
He had to admit that the selection was well done, by someone (Indra?)
familiar with the early twenty-first century. There was nothing disturbing
-- no wars or violence, and very little contemporary business or politics,
all of which would now be utterly irrelevant. There were some light
comedies, sporting events (how did they know that he had been a keen tennis
fan?), classical and pop music, and wildlife documentaries.
And whoever had put this collection together had a sense of humour, or
they would not have included episodes from each Star Trek series. As a very
small boy, Poole had met both Patrick Stewart and Leonard Nimoy: he wondered
what they would have thought if they could have known the destiny of the
child who had shyly asked for their autographs.
A depressing thought occurred to him, soon after he had started
exploring -- much of the time in fast-forward -- these relics of the past.
He had read somewhere that by the turn of the century -- his century! --
there were approximately fifty thousand television stations broadcasting
simultaneously. If that figure had been maintained and it might well have
increased -- by now millions of millions of hours of TV programming must
have gone on the air. So even the most hardened cynic would admit that there
were probably at least a billion hours of worthwhile viewing... and millions
that would pass the highest standards of excellence. How to find these few
-- well, few million -- needles in so gigantic a haystack?
The thought was so overwhelming -- indeed, so demoralizing -- that
after a week of increasingly aimless channel-surfing Poole asked for the set
to be removed.
Perhaps fortunately, he had less and less time to himself during his
waking hours, which were steadily growing longer as his strength came back.
There was no risk of boredom, thanks to the continual parade not only
of serious researchers but also inquisitive -- and presumably influential --
citizens who had managed to filter past the palace guard established by
Matron and Professor Anderson. Nevertheless, he was glad when, one day, the
television set reappeared, he was beginning to suffer from withdrawal
symptoms -- and this time, he resolved to be more selective in his viewing.
The venerable antique was accompanied by Indra Wallace, smiling
'We've found something you must see, Frank. We think it will help you
to adjust -- anyway, we're sure you'll enjoy it.'
Poole had always found that remark a recipe for guaranteed boredom, and
prepared for the worst. But the opening had him instantly hooked, taking him
back to his old life as few other things could have done. At once he
recognized one of the most famous voices of his age, and remembered that he
had seen this very programme before. Could it have been at its first
transmission? No, he was only five then: must have been a repeat...
'Atlanta, 2000 December 31.'
'This is CNN International, five minutes from the dawn of the New
Millennium, with all its unknown perils and promise...'
'But before we try to explore the future, let's look back a thousand
years, and ask ourselves: could any persons living in Ad. 1000 even remotely
imagine our world, or understand it, if they were magically transported
across the centuries?'
'Almost the whole of the technology we take for granted was invented
near the very end of our Millennium -- the steam engine, electricity,
telephones, radio, television, cinema, aviation, electronics. And, during a
single lifetime, nuclear energy and space travel -- what would the greatest
minds of the past have made of these? How long could an Archimedes or a
Leonardo have retained his sanity, if suddenly dumped into our world?'
'It's tempting to think that we would do better, if we were transported
a thousand years hence. Surely the fundamental scientific discoveries have
already been made, though there will be major improvements in technology,
will there be any devices, anything as magical and incomprehensible to us as
a pocket calculator or a video camera would have been to Isaac Newton?'
'Perhaps our age is indeed sundered from all those that have gone
before. Telecommunications, the ability to record images and sounds once
irrevocably lost, the conquest of the air and space -- all these have
created a civilization beyond the wildest fantasies of the past. And equally
important, Copernicus, Newton, Darwin and Einstein have so changed our mode
of thinking and our outlook on the universe that we might seem almost a new
species to the most brilliant of our predecessors.'
'And will our successors, a thousand years from now, look back on us
with the same pity with which we regard our ignorant, superstitious,
disease-ridden, short-lived ancestors? We believe that we know the answers
to questions that they could not even ask: but what surprises does the Third
Millennium hold for us?'
'Well, here it comes --'
A great bell began to toll the strokes of midnight. The last vibration
throbbed into silence...
'And that's the way it was -- good-bye, wonderful and terrible
Then the picture broke into a myriad fragments, and a new commentator
took over, speaking with the accent which Poole could now easily understand,
and which immediately brought him up to the present.
'Now, in the first minutes of the year three thousand and one, we can
answer that question from the past...'
'Certainly, the people of 2001 who you were just watching would not
feel as utterly overwhelmed in our age as someone from 1001 would have felt
in theirs. Many of our technological achievements they would have
anticipated; indeed, they would have expected satellite cities, and colonies
on the Moon and planets. They might even have been disappointed, because we
are not yet immortal, and have sent probes only to the nearest stars...'
Abruptly, Indra switched off the recording.
'See the rest later, Frank: you're getting tired. But I hope it will
help you to adjust.'
'Thank you, Indra. I'll have to sleep on it. But it's certainly proved
'I should be grateful I'm not a thousand-and-oner, dropped into 2001.
That would be too much of a quantum jump: I don't believe anyone could
adjust to it. At least I know about electricity, and won't die of fright if
a picture starts talking at me.'
I hope, Poole told himself, that confidence is justified. Someone once
said that any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from
magic. Will I meet magic in this new world -- and be able to handle it?
'I'm afraid you'll have to make an agonizing decision,' said Professor
Anderson, with a smile that neutralized the exaggerated gravity of his
'I can take it, Doctor. Just give it to me straight.'
'Before you can be fitted with your Braincap, you have to be completely
bald. So here's your choice. At the rate your hair grows, you'd have to be
shaved at least once a month. Or you could have a permanent.'
'How's that done?'
'Laser scalp treatment. Kills the follicles at the root.'
'Hmm... is it reversible?'
'Yes, but that's messy and painful, and takes weeks.'
'Then I'll see how I like being hairless, before committing myself. I
can't forget what happened to Samson.'
'Character in a famous old book. His girl-friend cut off his hair while
he was sleeping. When he woke up, all his strength had gone.'
'Now I remember -- pretty obvious medical symbolism!'
'Still, I wouldn't mind losing my beard. I'd be happy to stop shaving,
once and for all.'
'I'll make the arrangements. And what kind of wig would you like?'
'I'm not particularly vain -- think it would be a nuisance, and
probably won't bother. Something else I can decide later.'
That everyone in this era was artificially bald was a surprising fact
that Poole had been quite slow to discover; his first revelation had come
when both his nurses removed their luxuriant tresses, without the slightest
sign of embarrassment, just before several equally bald specialists arrived
to give him a series of micro-biological checks. He had never been
surrounded by so many hairless people, and his initial guess was that this
was the latest step in the medical profession's endless war against germs.
Like many of his guesses, it was completely wrong, and when he
discovered the true reason he amused himself by seeing how often he would
have been sure, had he not known in advance, that his visitors' hair was not
their own. The answer was: seldom with men, never with women; this was
obviously the great age of the wig-maker.
Professor Anderson wasted no time: that afternoon the nurses smeared
some evil-smelling cream over Poole's head, and when he looked into the
mirror an hour later he did not recognize himself. Well, he thought, perhaps
a wig would be a good idea, after all...
The Braincap fitting took somewhat longer. First a mould had to be
made, which required him to sit motionless for a few minutes until the
plaster set. He fully expected to be told that his head was the wrong shape
when his nurses -- giggling most unprofessionally -- had a hard time
extricating him. 'Ouch that hurt!' he complained.
Next came the skull-cap itself, a metal helmet that fitted snugly
almost down to the ears, and triggered a nostalgic thought -- wish my Jewish
friends could see me now! After a few minutes, it was so comfortable that he
was unaware of its presence.
Now he was ready for the installation -- a process which, he realized
with something akin to awe, had been the Rite of Passage for almost all the
human race for more than half a millennium.
'There's no need to close your eyes,' said the technician, who had been
introduced by the pretentious title of 'Brain Engineer' -- almost always
shortened to 'Brainman' in popular usage. 'When Setup begins, all your
inputs will be taken over. Even if your eyes are open, you won't see
I wonder if everyone feels as nervous as this, Poole asked himself. Is
this the last moment I'll be in control of my own mind? Still, I've learned
to trust the technology of this age; up to now, it hasn't let me down. Of
course, as the old saying goes, there's always a first time...
As he had been promised, he had felt nothing except a gentle tickling
as the myriad of nanowires wormed their way through his scalp. All his
senses were still perfectly normal; when he scanned his familiar room,
everything was exactly where it should be.
The Brainman -- wearing his own skull-cap, wired, like Poole's, to a
piece of equipment that could easily have been mistaken for a
twentieth-century laptop computer -- gave him a reassuring smile.
'Ready?' he asked.
There were times when the old cliche?s were the best ones.
'Ready as I'll ever be,' Poole answered.
Slowly, the light faded -- or seemed to. A great silence descended, and
even the gentle gravity of the Tower relinquished its hold upon him. He was
an embryo, floating in a featureless void, though not in complete darkness.
He had known such a barely visible, near ultra-violet tenebrosity, on the
very edge of night, only once in his life when he had descended further than
was altogether wise down the face of a sheer cliff at the outer edge of the
Great Barrier Reef. Looking down into hundreds of metres of crystalline
emptiness, he had felt such a sense of disorientation that he experienced a
brief moment of panic, and had almost triggered his buoyancy unit before
regaining control. Needless to say, he had never mentioned the incident to
the Space Agency physicians...
From a great distance a voice spoke out of the immense void that now
seemed to surround him. But it did not reach him through his ears: it
sounded softly in the echoing labyrinths of his brain.
'Calibration starting. From time to time you will be asked questions --
you can answer mentally, but it may help to vocalize. Do you understand?'
'Yes,' Poole replied, wondering if his lips were indeed moving. There
was no way that he could tell.
Something was appearing in the void -- a grid of thin lines, like a
huge sheet of graph paper. It extended up and down, right and left, to the
limits of his vision. He tried to move his head, but the image refused to
Numbers started to flicker across the grid, too fast for him to read --
but presumably some circuit was recording them. Poole could not help smiling
(did his cheeks move?) at the familiarity of it all. This was just like the
computer-driven eye examination that any oculist of his age would give a
The grid vanished, to be replaced by smooth sheets of colour filling
his entire field of view. In a few seconds, they flashed from one end of the
spectrum to the other. 'Could have told you that,' Poole muttered silently.
'My colour vision's perfect. Next for hearing, I suppose.'
He was quite correct. A faint, drumming sound accelerated until it
became the lowest of audible Cs, then raced up the musical scale until it
disappeared beyond the range of human hearing, into bat and dolphin
That was the last of the simple, straightforward tests. He was briefly
assailed by scents and flavours, most of them pleasant but some quite the
reverse. Then he became, or so it seemed, a puppet on an invisible strig.
He presumed that his neuromuscular control was being tested, and hoped
that there were no external manifestations, if there were, he would probably
look like someone in the terminal stages of St Vitus's Dance. And for one
moment he even had a violent erection, but was unable to give it a reality
check before he fell into a dreamless sleep.
Or did he only dream that he slept? He had no idea how much time had
elapsed before he awoke. The helmet had already gone, together with the
Brainman and his equipment.
'Everything went fine,' beamed Matron. 'It will take a few hours to
check that there are no anomalies. If your reading's KO -- I mean OK --
you'll have your Braincap tomorrow.'
Poole appreciated the efforts of his entourage to learn archaic
English, but he could not help wishing that Matron had not made that
When the time came for the final filling, Poole felt almost like a boy
again, about to unwrap some wonderful new toy under the Christmas free.
'You won't have to go through all that setting-up again,' the Brainman
assured him. 'Download will start immediately. I'll give you a five-minute
demo. Just relax and enjoy.'
Gentle, soothing music washed over him; though it was something very
familiar, from his own time, he could not identify it. There was a mist
before his eyes, which parted as he walked towards it...
Yes, he was walking! The illusion was utterly convincing; he could feel
the impact of his feet on the ground, and now that the music had stopped he
could hear a gentle wind blowing through the great trees that appeared to
surround him. He recognized them as Californian redwoods, and hoped that
they still existed in reality, somewhere on Earth.
He was moving at a brisk pace -- too fast for comfort, as if time was
slightly accelerated so he could cover as much ground as possible. Yet he
was not conscious of any effort; he felt he was a guest in someone else's
body. The sensation was enhanced by the fact that he had no control over his
movements. When he attempted to stop, or to change direction, nothing
happened. He was going along for the ride.
It did not matter; he was enjoying the novel experience -- and could
appreciate how addictive it could become. The 'dream machines' that many
scientists of his own century had anticipated -- often with alarm -- were
now part of everyday life. Poole wondered how Mankind had managed to
survive: he had been told that much of it had not. Millions had been
brain-burned, and had dropped out of life.
Of course, he would be immune to such temptations! He would use this
marvellous tool to learn more about the world of the Fourth Millennium, and
to acquire in minutes new skills that would otherwise take years to master.
Well -- he might, just occasionally, use the Braincap purely for fun...
He had come to the edge of the forest, and was looking out across a
wide river. Without hesitation, he walked into it, and felt no alarm as the
water rose over his head. It did seem a little strange that he could
continue breathing naturally, but he thought it much more remarkable that he
could see perfectly in a medium where the unaided human eye could not focus.
He could count every scale on the magnificent trout that went swimming past,
apparently oblivious to this strange intruder...
Then, a mermaid- Well he had always wanted to meet one, but he had
assumed that they were marine creatures. Perhaps they occasionally came
upstream -- like salmon, to have their babies? She was gone before he could
question her, to confirm or deny this revolutionary theory.
The river ended in a translucent wall; he stepped through it on to the
face of a desert, beneath a blazing sun. Its heat burned him uncomfortably
-- yet he was able to look directly into its noonday fury. He could even
see, with unnatural clarity, an archipelago of sunspots near one limb. And
-- this was surely impossible -- there was the tenuous glory of the corona,
quite invisible except during total eclipse, reaching out like a swan's
wings on either side of the Sun.
Everything faded to black: the haunting music returned, and with it the
blissful coolness of his familiar room. He opened his eyes (had they ever
been closed?) and found an expectant audience waiting for his reaction.
'Wonderful!' he breathed, almost reverently. 'Some of it seemed --
well, realer than real!'
Then his engineer's curiosity, never far from the surface, started
'Even that short demo must have contained an enormous amount of
information. How's it stored?'
'In these tablets -- the same your audio-visual system uses, but with
much greater capacity.'
The Brainman handed Poole a small square, apparently made of glass,
silvered on one surface; it was almost the same size as the computer
diskettes of his youth, but twice the thickness. As Poole tilted it back and
forth, trying to see into its transparent interior, there were occasional
rainbow-hued flashes, but that was all.
He was holding, he realized, the end product of more than a thousand
years of electro-optical technology -- as well as other technologies unborn
in his era. And it was not surprising that, superficially, it resembled
closely the devices he had known. There was a convenient shape and size for
most of the common objects of everyday life --knives and forks, books,
hand-tools, furniture... and removable memories for computers.
'What's its capacity?' he asked. 'In my time, we were up to a terabyte
in something this size. I'm sure you've done a lot better.'
'Not as much as you might imagine -- there's a limit, of course, set by
the structure of matter. By the way, what was a terabyte? Afraid I've
'Shame on you! Kilo, mega, giga, tera... that's ten to the twelfth
bytes. Then the petabyte -- ten to the fifteenth -- that's as far as I ever
'That's about where we start. It's enough to record everything any
person can experience during one lifetime.'
It was an astonishing thought, yet it should not have been so
surprising. The kilogram of jelly inside the human skull was not much larger
than the tablet Poole was holding in his hand, and it could not possibly be
as efficient a storage device -- it had so many other duties to deal with.
'And that's not all,' the Brainman continued. 'With some data
compression, it could store not only the memories -- but the actual person.'
'And reproduce them again?'
'Of course; straightforward job of nanoassembly.'
So I'd heard, Poole told himself -- but I never really believed it.
Back in his century, it seemed wonderful enough that the entire
lifework of a great artist could be stored on a single small disk. And now,
something no larger could hold -- the artist as well.
'I'm delighted,' said Poole, 'to know that the Smithsonian still
exists, after all these centuries.'
'You probably wouldn't recognize it,' said the visitor who had
introduced himself as Dr Alistair Kim, Director of Astronautics. 'Especially
as it's now scattered over the Solar System -- the main off-Earth
collections are on Mars and the Moon, and many of the exhibits that legally
belong to us are still heading for the stars. Some day we'll catch up with
them and bring them home. We're particularly anxious to get our hands on
Pioneer 10 -- the first manmade object to escape from the Solar System.'
'I believe I was on the verge of doing that, when they located me.'
'Lucky for you -- and for us. You may be able to throw light on many
things we don't know.'
'Frankly, I doubt it -- but I'll do my best. I don't remember a thing
after that runaway space-pod charged me. Though I still find it hard to
believe, I've been told that Hal was responsible.'
'That's true, but it's a complicated story. Everything we've been able
to learn is in this recording -- about twenty hours, but you can probably
Fast most of it.'
'You know, of course, that Dave Bowman went out in the Number 2 Pod to
rescue you -- but was then locked outside the ship because Hal refused to
open the pod-bay doors.'
'Why, for God's sake?'
Dr Kim winced slightly. It was not the first time Poole had noticed
such a reaction.
(Must watch my language, he thought. 'God' seems to be a dirty word in
this culture -- must ask Indra about it.)
'There was a major programming error in Hal's instructions -- he'd been
given control of aspects of the mission you and Bowman didn't know about,
it's all in the recording...
'Anyway, he also cut off the life-support systems to the three
hybernauts -- the Alpha Crew -- and Bowman had to jettison their bodies as
(So Dave and I were the Beta Crew -- something else I didn't know...)
'What happened to them?' Poole asked. 'Couldn't they have been rescued,
just as I was?'
'I'm afraid not: we've looked into it, of course. Bowman ejected them
several hours after he'd taken back control from Hal, so their orbits were
slightly different from yours. Just enough for them to burn up in Jupiter --
while you skimmed by, and got a gravity boost that would have taken you to
the Orion Nebula in a few thousand more years...'
'Doing everything on manual override -- really a fantastic performance!
-- Bowman managed to get Discovery into orbit round Jupiter. And there he
encountered what the Second Expedition called Big Brother -- an apparent
twin of the Tycho Monolith, but hundreds of times larger.'
'And that's where we lost him. He left Discovery in the remaining
space-pod, and made a rendezvous with Big Brother. For almost a thousand
years, we've been haunted by his last message: "By Deus -- it's full of
(Here we go again! Poole told himself. No way Dave could have said
that... Must have been 'My God -- it's full of stars!')
'Apparently the pod was drawn into the Monolith by some kind of
inertial field, because it -- and presumably Bowman -- survived an
acceleration which should have crushed them instantly. And that was the last
information anyone had, for almost ten years, until the joint US-Russian
'Which made a rendezvous with the abandoned Discovery so that Dr
Chandra could go aboard and reactivate Hal. Yes, I know that.'
Dr Kim looked slightly embarrassed.
'Sorry -- I wasn't sure how much you'd been told already Anyway, that's
when even stranger things started to happen.'
'Apparently the arrival of Leonov triggered something inside Big
Brother. If we did not have these recordings, no one would have believed
what happened. Let me show you... here's Dr Heywood Floyd keeping the
midnight watch aboard Discovery, after power had been restored. Of course
you'll recognize everything.'
(Indeed I do: and how strange to see the long-dead Heywood Floyd,
sitting in my old seat with Hal's unblinking red eye surveying everything in
sight. And even stranger to think that Hal and I have both shared the same
experience of resurrection from the dead...)
A message was coining up on one of the monitors, and Floyd answered
lazily, 'OK, Hal. Who is calling?'
Floyd looked slightly annoyed.
'Very well. Please give me the message.'
Arthur C.Clarke. 3001 The final Odissey
'That is absolutely impossible. Our launch window does not open until
twenty-six days from now. We do not have sufficient propellant for an
IT IS DANGEROUS TO REMAIN HERE. YOU MUST LEAVE WITHIN FIFTEEN DAYS.
'I cannot take this warning seriously unless I know its origin... who
is speaking to me?'
I AM AWARE OF THESE FACTS. NEVERTHELESS YOU MUST LEAVE WITHIN FWFEEN
Heywood Floyd slowly turned in his swivel chair, away from the banked
panels and switches of the computer display, towards the Velcro-covered
('Watch this carefully,' said Dr Kim.
As if I needed telling, thought Poole...)
The zero-gravity environment of Discovery's observation deck was much
dustier than he remembered it: he guessed that the air-filtration plant had
not yet been brought on line. The parallel rays of the distant yet still
brilliant Sun, streaming through the great windows, lit up a myriad of
dancing motes in a classic display of Brownian movement.
And now something strange was happening to these particles of dust;
some force seemed to be marshalling them, herding them away from a central
point yet bringing others towards it, until they all met on the surface of a
hollow sphere. That sphere, about a metre across, hovered in the air for a
moment like a giant soap bubble. Then it elongated into an ellipsoid, whose
surface began to pucker, to form folds and indentations. Poole was not
really surprised when it started to assume the shape of a man.
He had seen such figures, blown out of glass, in museums and science
exibitions. But this dusty phantom did not even approximate anatomical
accuracy; it was like a crude clay figurine, or one of the primitive works
of art found in the recesses of Stone Age caves. Only the head was fashioned
with care; and the face, beyond all shadow of doubt, was that of Commander
I WAS DAVID BOWMAN. IT IS IMPORTANT THAT YOU BELIEVE ME. LOOK BEHIND
The lips of the figure never moved: Poole realized that the voice --
yes, certainly Bowman's voice -- was actually coming from the speaker
HELLO, DR FLOYD. NOW DO YOU BELIEVE ME?
ALLOWED TO GIVE THIS WARNING. YOU HAVE ONLY FIFFEEN DAYS.
'Why -- and what are you?'
But the ghostly figure was already fading, its grainy envelope
beginning to dissolve back into the constituent particles of dust.
THIS IS VERY DIFFICULT FOR ME, AND I HAVE LIITLE TIME. I HAVE BEEN
BE ONE MORE MESSAGE, IF ALL GOES WELL.
As the image dissolved, Poole could not help smiling at that old Space
Age cliche?. 'If all goes well' -- how many times he had heard that phrase
intoned before a mission!
The phantom vanished: only the motes of dancing dust were left,
resuming their random patterns in the air. With an effort of will, Poole
came back to the present.
'Well, Commander -- what do you think of that?' asked Kim.
Poole was still shaken, and it was several seconds before he could
'The face and the voice were Bowman's -- I'd swear to that. But what
'That's what we're still arguing about. Call it a hologram, a
projection -- of course, there are plenty of ways it could be faked if
anyone wanted to -- but not in those circumstances! And then, of course,
there's what happened next.'
'Yes. Thanks to that warning, the Leonov had just sufficient time to
get away before Jupiter detonated.'
'So whatever it was, the Bowman-thing was friendly and trying to help.'
'Presumably. And it may have been responsible for that "one more
message" we did receive -- it was sent only minutes before the detonation.
Dr Kim brought the screen to life once more. It showed plain text: ALL
THESE WORLDS ARE YOURS EXCEPT EUROPA. ATTEMPT NO LANDINGS THERE. The same
message was repeated about a hundred times, then the letters became garbled.
'And we never have tried to land there?' asked Poole.
'Only once, by accident, thirty-six years later -- when the USSS Galaxy
was hijacked and forced down there, and her sister ship Universe had to go
to the rescue. It's all here --with what little our robot monitors have told
us about the Europans.'
'I'm anxious to see them.'
'They're amphibious, and come in all shapes and sizes. As soon as
Lucifer started melting the ice that covered theirt whole world, they began
to emerge from the sea. Since then, they've developed at a speed that seems
'From what I remember about Europa, weren't there lots of cracks in the
ice? Perhaps they'd already started crawling through and having a look
'That's a widely accepted theory. But there's another, much more
speculative, one. The Monolith may have been involved, in ways we don't yet
understand. What triggered that line of thought was the discovery of TMA
ZERO, right here on Earth, almost five hundred years after your time. I
suppose you've been told about that?'
'Only vaguely -- there's been so much to catch up with! I did think the
name was ridiculous -- since it wasn't a magnetic anomaly -- and it was in
Africa, not Tycho!'
'You're quite right, of course, but we're stuck with the name. And the
more we learn about the Monoliths, the more the puzzle deepens. Especially
as they're still the only real evidence for advanced technology beyond the
'That's surprised me. I should have thought that by this lime we'd have
picked up radio signals from somewhere. The astronomers started searching
when I was a boy!'
'Well, there is one hint -- and it's so terrifying that we don't like
to talk about it. Have you heard of Nova Scorpio?'
'I don't believe so.'
'Stars go nova all the time, of course -- and this wasn't a
particularly impressive one. But before it blew up, N Scorp was known to
have several planets.'
'Absolutely no way of telling; radio searches had picked up nothing.
And here's the nightmare...'
'Luckily, the automatic Nova Patrol caught the event at the very
beginning. And it didn't start at the star. One of the planets detonated
first, and then triggered its sun.'
'My Gah... sorry, go on.'
'You see the point. It's impossible for a planet to go nova -- except
in one way.'
'I once read a sick joke in a science-fiction novel -- "supernovae are
'It wasn't a supernova -- but that may be no joke. The most widely
accepted theory is that someone else had been tapping vacuum energy -- and
had lost control.'
'Or it could have been a war.'
'Just as bad; we'll probably never know. But as our own civilization
depends on the same energy source, you can understand why N Scorp sometimes
gives us nightmares.'
'And we only had melting nuclear reactors to worry about!'
'Not any longer, thank Deus. But I really wanted to tell you more about
TMA ZERO's discovery, because it marked a turning point in human history.'
'Finding TMA ONE on the Moon was a big enough shock, but five hundred
years later there was a worse one. And it was much nearer home -- in every
sense of the word. Down there in Africa.'
8 Return to Olduvai
The Leakeys, Dr Stephen Del Marco often told himself, would never have
recognized this place, even though it's barely a dozen kilometres from where
Louis and Mary, five centuries ago, dug up the bones of our first ancestors.
Global warming, and the Little Ice Age (truncated by miracles of heroic
technology) had transformed the landscape, and completely altered its biota.
Oaks and pine trees were still fighting it out, to see which would survive
the changes in climatic fortune.
And it was hard to believe that, by this year 2513, there was anything
left in Olduvai undug by enthusiastic anthropologists. However, recent
flash-floods -- which were not supposed to happen any more -- had resculpted
this area, and cut away several metres of topsoil. Del Marco had taken
advantage of the opportunity: and there, at the limit of the deep-scan, was
something he could not quite believe.
It had taken more than a year of slow and careful excavation to reach
that ghostly image, and to learn that the reality was stranger than anything
he had dared to imagine. Robot digging machines had swiftly removed the
first few metres, then the traditional slave-crews of graduate students had
taken over. They had been helped -- or hindered -- by a team of four kongs,
who Del Marco considered more trouble than they were worth. However, the
students adored the genetically-enhanced gorillas, whom they treated like
retarded but much-loved children. It was rumoured that the relationships
were not always completely Platonic.
For the last few metres, however, everything was the work of human
hands, usually wielding toothbrushes -- soft-bristled at that. And now it
was finished: Howard Carter, seeing the first glint of gold in Tutankhamen's
tomb, had never uncovered such a treasure as this. From this moment onwards,
Del Marco knew, human beliefs and philosophies would be irrevocably changed.
The Monolith appeared to be the exact twin of that discovered on the
Moon five centuries earlier: even the excavation surrounding it was almost
identical in size. And like TMA ONE, it was totally non-reflective,
absorbing with equal indifference the fierce glare of the African Sun and
the pale gleam of Lucifer.
As he led his colleagues -- the directors of the world's half-dozen
most famous museums, three eminent anthropologists, the heads of two media
empires -- down into the pit, Del Marco wondered if such a distinguished
group of men and women had ever been so silent, for so long. But that was
the effect that this ebon rectangle had on all visitors, as they realized
the implications of the thousands of artefacts that surrounded it.
For here was an archaeologist's treasure-trove -- crudely-fashioned
flint tools, countless bones -- some animal, some human -- and almost all
arranged in careful patterns. For centuries -- no, millennia -- these
pitiful gifts had been brought here, by creatures with only the first
glimmer of intelligence, as tribute to a marvel beyond their understanding.
And beyond ours, Del Marco had often thought. Yet of two things he was
certain, though he doubted if proof would ever be possible.
This was where -- in time and space -- the human species had really
And this Monolith was the very first of all its multitudinous gods.
'There were mice in my bedroom last night,' Poole complained, only half
seriously. 'Is there any chance you could find me a cat?'
Dr Wallace looked puzzled, then started to laugh.
'You must have heard one of the cleaning microts -- I'll get the
programming checked so they don't disturb you. Try not to step on one if you
catch it at work; if you do, it will call for help, and all its friends will
come to pick up the pieces.'
So much to learn -- so little time! No, that wasn't true, Poole
reminded himself. He might well have a century ahead of him, thanks to the
medical science of this age. The thought was already beginning to fill him
with apprehension rather than pleasure.
At least he was now able to follow most conversations easily, and had
learned to pronounce words so that Indra was not the only person who could
understand him. He was very glad that Anglish was now the world language,
though French, Russian and Mandarin still flourished.
'I've another problem, Indra -- and I guess you're the only person who
can help. When I say "God", why do people look embarrassed?'
Indra did not look at all embarrassed; in fact, she laughed.
'That's a very complicated story. I wish my old friend Dr Khan was here
to explain it to you -- but he's on Ganymede, curing any remaining True
Believers he can find there. When all the old religions were discredited --
let me tell you about Pope Pius XX sometime -- one of the greatest men in
history! -- we still needed a word for the Prime Cause, or the Creator of
the Universe -- if there is one...'
'There were lots of suggestions -- Deo -- Theo -- Jove -- Brahma --
they were all tried, and some of them are still around -- especially
Einstein's favourite, "The Old One". But Deus seems to be the fashion
'I'll try to remember; but it still seems silly to me.'
'You'll get used to it: I'll teach you some other reasonably polite
expletives, to use when you want to express your feelings...'
'You said that all the old religions have been discredited. So what do
people believe nowadays?'
'As little as possible. We're all either Deists or Theists.'
'You've lost me. Definitions, please.'
'They were slightly different in your time, but here are the latest
versions. Theists believe there's not more than one God; Deists that there
is not less than one God.'
'I'm afraid the distinction's too subtle for me.'
'Not for everyone; you'd be amazed at the bitter controversies it's
aroused. Five centuries ago, someone used what's known as surreal
mathematics to prove there's an infinite number of grades between Theists
and Deists. Of course, like most dabblers with infinity, he went insane. By
the way, the best-known Deists were Americans -- Washington, Franklin,
'A little before my time -- though you'd be surprised how many people
don't realize it.'
'Now I've some good news. Joe -- Prof. Anderson -- has finally given
his -- what was the phrase? -- OK. You're fit enough to go for a little trip
upstairs... to the Lunar Level.'
'Wonderful. How far is that?'
'Oh, about twelve thousand kilometres.'
'Twelve thousand! That will take hours!'
Indra looked surprised at his remark: then she smiled.
'Not as long as you think. No -- we don't have a Star Trek Transporter
yet -- though I believe they're still working on it! But you'll need new
clothes, and someone to show you how to wear them. And to help you with the
hundreds of little everyday jobs that can waste so much time. So we've taken
the liberty of arranging a human personal assistant for you Come in, Danil.'
Danil was a small, light-brown man in his mid-thirties, who surprised
Poole by not giving him the usual palm-top salute, with its automatic
exchange of information.
Indeed, it soon appeared that Danil did not possess an Ident: whenever
it was needed, he produced a small rectangle of plastic that apparently
served the same purpose as the twenty-first century's 'smart cards'.
'Danil will also be your guide and what was that word? -- I can never
remember -- rhymes with "ballet". He's been specially trained for the job.
I'm sure you'll find him completely satisfactory.'
Though Poole appreciated this gesture, it made him feel a little
uncomfortable. A valet, indeed! He could not recall ever meeting one; in his
time, they were already a rare and endangered species. He began to feel like
a character from an early-twentieth-century English novel.
'You have a choice,' said Indra, 'though I know which one you'll take.
We can go up on an external elevator, and admire the view -- or an interior
one, and enjoy a meal and some light entertainment.'
'I can't imagine anyone wanting to stay inside.'
'You'd be surprised. It's too vertiginous for some people -- especially
visitors from down below. Even mountain climbers who say they've got a head
for heights may start to turn green -- when the heights are measured in
thousands of kilometres, instead of metres.'
'I'll risk it,' Poole answered with a smile. 'I've been higher.'
When they had passed through a double set of airlocks in the exterior
wall of the Tower (was it imagination, or did he feel a curious sense of
disorientation then?) they entered what might have been the auditorium of a
very small theatre. Rows of ten seats were banked up in five tiers: they all
faced towards one of the huge picture windows which Poole still found
disconcerting, as he could never quite forget the hundreds of tons of air
pressure, striving to blast it out into space.
The dozen or so other passengers, who had probably never given the
matter any thought, seemed perfectly at ease. They all smiled as they
recognized him, nodded politely, then turned away to admire the view.
'Welcome to Skylounge,' said the inevitable autovoice. 'Ascent begins
in five minutes. You will find refreshments and toilets on the lower floor.'
Just how long will this trip last? Poole wondered. We're going to
travel over twenty thousand klicks, there and back: this will be like no
elevator ride I've ever known on Earth...
While he was waiting for the ascent to begin, he enjoyed the stunning
panorama laid out two thousand kilometres below. It was winter in the
northern hemisphere, but the climate had indeed changed drastically, for
there was little snow south of the Arctic Circle.
Europe was almost cloud-free, and there was so much detail that the eye
was overwhelmed. One by one he identified the great cities whose names had
echoed down the centuries; they had been shrinking even in his time, as the
communications revolution changed the face of the world, and had now
dwindled still further. There were also some bodies of water in improbable
places -- the northern Sahara's Lake Saladin was almost a small sea.
Poole was so engrossed by the view that he had forgotten the passage of
time. Suddenly he realized that much more than five minutes had passed --
yet the elevator was still stationary. Had something gone wrong -- or were
they waiting for late arrivals?
And then he noticed something so extraordinary that at first he refused
to believe the evidence of his eyes. The panorama had expanded, as if he had
already risen hundreds of kilometres! Even as he watched, he noticed new
features of the planet below creeping into the frame of the window.
Then Poole laughed, as the obvious explanation occurred to him.
'You could have fooled me, Indra! I thought this was real -- not a
Indra looked back at him with a quizzical smile.
'Think again, Frank. We started to move about ten minutes ago. By now
we must be climbing at, oh -- at least a thousand kilometres an hour. Though
I'm told these elevators can reach a hundred gee at maximum acceleration, we
won't touch more than ten, on this short run.'
'That's impossible! Six is the maximum they ever gave me in the
centrifuge, and I didn't enjoy weighing half a ton. I know we haven't moved
since we stepped inside.'
Poole had raised his voice slightly, and suddenly became aware that the
other passengers were pretending not to notice.
'I don't understand how it's done, Frank, but it's called an inertial
field. Or sometimes a Sharp one -- the "S" stands for a famous Russian
scientist, Sakharov -- I don't know who the others were.'
Slowly, understanding dawned in Poole's mind -- and also a sense of
awe-struck wonder. Here indeed was a 'technology indistinguishable from
'Some of my friends used to dream of "space drives" -- energy fields
that could replace rockets, and allow movement without any feeling of
acceleration, Most of us thought they were crazy -- but it seems they were
right! I can still hardly believe it... and unless I'm mistaken, we're
starting to lose weight.'
'Yes -- it's adjusting to the lunar value. When we step out, you'll
feel we're on the Moon. But for goodness' sake, Frank -- forget you're an
engineer, and simply enjoy the view.'
It was good advice, but even as he watched the whole of Africa, Europe
and much of Asia flow into his field of vision, Poole could not tear his
mind away from this astonishing revelation. Yet he should not have been
wholly surprised: he knew that there had been major breakthroughs in space
propulsion systems since his time, but had not realized that they would have
such dramatic applications to everyday life -- if that term could be applied
to existence in a thirty-six-thousand-kilometre-high skyscraper.
And the age of the rocket must have been over, centuries ago. All his
knowledge of propellant systems and combustion chambers, ion thrusters and
fusion reactors, was totally obsolete. Of course, that no longer mattered --
but he understood the sadness that the skipper of a windjammer must have
felt, when sail gave way to steam.
His mood changed abruptly, and he could not help smiling, when the
robovoice announced, 'Arriving in two minutes. Please make sure that you do
not leave any of your personal belongings behind.'
How often he had heard that announcement, on some commercial flight? He
looked at his watch, and was surprised to see that they had been ascending
for less than half an hour So that meant an average speed of at least twenty
thousand kilometres an hour, yet they might never have moved. What was even
stranger -- for the last ten minutes or more they must actually have been
decelerating so rapidly that by rights they should all have been standing on
the roof, heads pointing towards Earth!
The doors opened silently, and as Poole stepped out he again felt the
slight disorientation he had noticed on entering the elevator lounge. This
time, however, he knew what it meant: he was moving through the transition
zone where the inertial field overlapped with gravity -- at this level,
equal to the Moon's.
Indra and Danil followed him, walking carefully now at a third of their
customary weight, as they went forward to meet the next of the day's
Though the view of the receding Earth had been awesome, even for an
astronaut, there was nothing unexpected or surprising about it. But who
would have imagined a gigantic chamber, apparently occupying the entire
width of the Tower, so that the far wall was more than five kilometres away?
Perhaps by this time there were larger enclosed volumes on the Moon and
Mars, but this must surely be one of the largest in space itself.
They were standing on a viewing platform, fifty metres up on the outer
wall, looking across an astonishingly varied panorama. Obviously, an attempt
had been made to reproduce a whole range of terrestrial biomes. Immediately
beneath them was a group of slender trees which Poole could not at first
identify: then he realized that they were oaks, adapted to one-sixth of
their normal gravity. What, he wondered, would palm frees look like here?
Giant reeds, probably...
In the middle-distance there was a small lake, fed by a river that
meandered across a grassy plain, then disappeared into something that looked
like a single gigantic banyan tree. What was the source of the water? Poole
had become aware of a faint drumming sound, and as he swept his gaze along
the gently curving wall, he discovered a miniature Niagara, with a perfect
rainbow hovering in the spray above it.
He could have stood here for hours, admiring the view and still not
exhausting all the wonders of this complex and brilliantly contrived
simulation of the planet below. As it spread out into new and hostile
environments, perhaps the human race felt an ever-increasing need to
remember its origins. Of course, even in his own time every city had its
parks as -- usually feeble -- reminders of Nature. The same impulse must be
acting here, on a much grander scale. Central Park, Africa Tower!
'Let's go down,' said Indra. 'There's so much to see, and I don't come
here as often as I'd like.'
Followed by the silent but ever-present Danil, who always seemed to
know when he was needed but otherwise kept out of the way, they began a
leisurely exploration of this oasis in space. Though walking was almost
effortless in this low gravity, from time to time they took advantage of a
small monorail, and stopped once for refreshments at a cafe?, cunningly
concealed in the trunk of a redwood that must have been at least a quarter
of a kilometre tall.
There were very few other people about -- their fellow passengers had
long since disappeared into the landscape -- so it was as if they had all
this wonderland to themselves.
Everything was so beautifully maintained, presumably by armies of
robots, that from time to time Poole was reminded of a visit he had made to
Disney World as a small boy. But this was even better: there were no crowds,
and indeed very little reminder of the human race and its artefacts.
They were admiring a superb collection of orchids, some of enormous
size, when Poole had one of the biggest shocks of his life. As they walked
past a typical small gardener's shed, the door opened -- and the gardener
Frank Poole had always prided himself on his self-control, and never
imagined that as a full-grown adult he would give a cry of pure fright. But
like every boy of his generation, he had seen all the 'Jurassic' movies --
and he knew a raptor when he met one eye to eye.
'I'm terribly sorry,' said Indra, with obvious concern. 'I never
thought of warning you.'
Poole's jangling nerves returned to normal. Of course, there could be
no danger, in this perhaps too-well-ordered world: but still...!
The dinosaur returned his stare with apparent total disinterest, then
doubled back into the shed and emerged again with a rake and a pair of
garden shears, which it dropped into a bag hanging over one shoulder. It
walked away from them with a bird-like gait, never looking back as it
disappeared behind some ten-metre-high sunflowers.
'I should explain,' said Indra contritely. 'We like to use
bio-organisms when we can, rather than robots -- I suppose it's carbon
chauvinism! Now, there are only a few animals that have any manual
dexterity, and we've used them all at one time or another.'
'And here's a mystery that no one's been able to solve. You'd think
that enhanced herbivores like orangutans and gorillas would be good at this
sort of work. Well, they're not; they don't have the patience for it.'
'Yet carnivores like our friend here are excellent, and easily trained.
What's more -- here's another paradox! --after they've been modified they're
docile and good-natured. Of course, there's almost a thousand years of
genetic engineering behind them, and look what primitive man did to the
wolf, merely by trial and error!'
Indra laughed and continued: 'You may not believe this, Frank, but they
also make good baby-sitters -- children love them! There's a
five-hundred-year-old joke: "Would you trust your kids to a dinosaur?" "What
-- and risk injuring it?"'
Poole joined in the laughter, partly in shame-faced reaction to his own
fright. To change the subject, he asked Indra the question that was still
'All this,' he said, 'it's wonderful -- but why go to so much trouble,
when anyone in the Tower can reach the real thing, just as quickly?'
Indra looked at him thoughtfully, weighing her words. 'That's not quite
true. It's uncomfortable -- even dangerous -- for anyone who lives above the
half-gee level to go down to Earth, even in a hoverchair. So it has to be
this --or, as you used to say, Virtual Reality.'
(Now I begin to understand, Poole told himself bleakly. That explains
Anderson's evasiveness, and all the tests he's been doing to see if I've
regained my strength. I've come all the way back from Jupiter, to within two
thousand kilometres of Earth -- but I may never again walk on the surface of
my home planet. I'm not sure how I will be able to handle this...)
10 Homage to Icarus
His depression quickly passed: there was so much to do and see. A
thousand lifetimes would not have been enough, and the problem was to choose
which of the myriad distractions this age could offer. He tried, not always
successfully, to avoid the trivia, and to concentrate on the things that
mattered -- notably his education.
The Braincap -- and the book-sized player that went with it, inevitably
called the Brainbox -- was of enormous value here. He soon had a small
library of 'instant knowledge' tablets, each containing all the material
needed for a college degree. When he slipped one of these into the Brainbox,
and gave it the speed and intensity adjustments that most suited him, there
would be a flash of light, followed by a period of unconsciousness that
might last as long as an hour. When he awoke, it seemed that new areas of
his mind had been opened up, though he only knew they were there when he
searched for them. It was almost as if he was the owner of a library who had
suddenly discovered shelves of books he did not know he possessed.
To a large extent, he was the master of his own time. Out of a sense of
duty -- and gratitude -- he acceded to as many requests as he could from
scientists, historians, writers and artists working in media that were often
incomprehensible to him. He also had countless invitations from other
citizens of the four Towers, virtually all of which he was compelled to turn
Most tempting -- and most hard to resist -- were those that came from
the beautiful planet spread out below. 'Of course,' Professor Anderson had
told him, 'you'd survive if you went down for short time with the right
life-support system, but you wouldn't enjoy it. And it might weaken your
neuromuscular system even further. It's never really recovered from that
His other guardian, Indra Wallace, protected him from unnecessary
intrusions, and advised him which requests he should accept -- and which he
should politely refuse. By himself, he would never understand the
socio-political structure of this incredibly complex culture, but he soon
gathered that, although in theory all class distinctions had vanished, there
were a few thousand super-citizens. George Orwell had been right; some would
always be more equal than others.
There had been times when, conditioned by his twentyfirst-century
experience, Poole had wondered who was paying for all this hospitality --
would he one day be presented with the equivalent of an enormous hotel bill?
But Indra had quickly reassured him: he was a unique and priceless museum
exhibit, so would never have to worry about such mundane considerations.
Anything he wanted -- within reason -- would be made available to him: Poole
wondered what the limits were, never imagining that one day he would attempt
to discover them.
All the most important things in life happen by accident, and he had
set his wall display browser on random scan, silent, when a striking image
caught his attention.
'Stop scan! Sound up!' he shouted, with quite unnecessary loudness.
He recognized the music, but it was a few minutes before he identified
it; the fact that his wall was filled with winged humans circling gracefully
round each other undoubtedly helped. But Tchaikovsky would have been utterly
astonished to see this performance of Swan Lake -- with the dancers actually
Poole watched, entranced, for several minutes, until he was fairly
confident that this was reality, and not a simulation: even in his own day,
one could never be quite certain. Presumably the ballet was being performed
in one of the many low-gravity environments -- a very large one, judging by
some of the images. It might even be here in Africa Tower.
I want to try that, Poole decided. He had never quite forgiven the
Space Agency for banning one of his greatest pleasures -- delayed parachute
formation jumping -- even though he could see the Agency's point in not
wanting to risk a valuable investment. The doctors had been quite unhappy
about his earlier hang-gliding accident; fortunately his teenage bones had
'Well,' he thought, 'there's no one to stop me now unless it's Prof.
To Poole's relief, the physician thought it an excellent idea, and he
was also pleased to find that every one of the Towers had its own Aviary, up
at the one-tenth-gee level.
Within a few days he was being measured for his wings, not in the least
like the elegant versions worn by the performers of Swan Lake. Instead of
feathers there was a flexible membrane, and when he grasped the hand-holds
attached to the supporting ribs, Poole realized that he must look much more
like a bat than a bird. However his 'Move over, Dracula!' was completely
wasted on his instructor, who was apparently unacquainted with vampires.
For his first lessons he was restrained by a light harness, so that he
did not move anywhere while he was taught the basic strokes -- and, most
important of all, learned control and stability. Like many acquired skills,
it was not quite as easy as it looked.
He felt ridiculous in this safety-harness -- how could anyone injure
themselves at a tenth of a gravity! -- and was glad that he needed only a
few lessons; doubtless his astronaut training helped. He was, the Wingmaster
told him, the best pupil he had ever taught: but perhaps he said that to all
After a dozen free-flights in a chamber forty metres on a side,
criss-crossed with various obstacles which he easily avoided, Poole was
given the all-clear for his first solo -- and felt nineteen years old again,
about to take off in the Flagstaff Aero Club's antique Cessna.
The unexciting name 'The Aviary' had not prepared him for the venue of
this maiden flight. Though it seemed even more enormous than the space
holding the forests and gardens down at the lunar-gee level, it was almost
the same size, since it too occupied an entire floor of the gently tapering
Tower. A circular void, half a kilometre high and over four kilometres wide,
it appeared truly enormous, as there were no features on which the eye could
rest. Because the walls were a uniform pale blue, they contributed to the
impression of infinite space.
Poole had not really believed the Wingmaster's boast, 'You can have any
scenery you like', and intended to throw him what he was sure was an
impossible challenge. But on this first flight, at the dizzy altitude of
fifty metres, there were no visual distractions, Of course, a fall from the
equivalent altitude of five metres in the ten-fold greater Earth gravity
could break one's neck; however, even minor bruises were unlikely here, as
the entire floor was covered with a network of flexible cables The whole
chamber was a giant trampoline; one could, thought Poole, have a lot of fun
here -- even without wings.
With firm, downward strokes, Poole lifted himself into the air. In
almost no time, it seemed that he was a hundred metres in the air, and still
'Slow down' said the Wingmaster, 'I can't keep up with you,'
Poole straightened out, then attempted a slow roll. He felt
light-headed as well as light-bodied (less than ten kilograms!) and wondered
if the concentration of oxygen had been increased.
This was wonderful -- quite different from zero gravity, as it posed
more of a physical challenge. The nearest thing to it was scuba diving: he
wished there were birds here, to emulate the equally colourful coral fish
who had so often accompanied him over tropical reefs.
One by one, the Wingmaster put him through a series of manoeuvres --
rolls, loops, upside-down flying, hovering.
Finally he said: 'Nothing more I can teach you. Now let's enjoy the
Just for a moment, Poole almost lost control -- as he was probably
expected to do. For, without the slightest warning, he was surrounded by
snow-capped mountains, and was flying down a narrow pass, only metres from
some unpleasantly jagged rocks.
Of course, this could not be real: those mountains were as
insubstantial as clouds, and he could fly right through them if he wished.
Nevertheless, he veered away from the cliff-face (there was an eagle's nest
on one of its ledges, holding two eggs which he felt he could touch if he
came closer) and headed for more open space.
The mountains vanished; suddenly, it was night. And then the stars came
out -- not the miserable few thousand in the impoverished skies of Earth,
but legions beyond counting. And not only stars, but the spiral whirlpools
of distant galaxies, the teeming, close-packed sun-swarms of globular
There was no possible way this could be real, even if he had been
magically transported to some world where such skies existed. For those
galaxies were receding even as he watched; stars were fading, exploding,
being born in stellar nurseries of glowing fire-mist. Every second, a
million years must be passing...
The overwhelming spectacle disappeared as quickly as it had come: he
was back in the empty sky, alone except for his instructor, in the
featureless blue cylinder of the Aviary.
'I think that's enough for one day,' said the Wingmaster, hovering a
few metres above Poole. 'What scenery would you like, the next time you come
Poole did not hesitate. With a smile, he answered the question.
11 Here be Dragons
He would never have believed it possible, even with the technology of
this day and age. How many terabytes -- petabytes -- was there a large
enough word? -- of information must have been accumulated over the
centuries, and in what sort of storage medium? Better not think about it,
and follow Indra's advice: 'Forget you're an engineer -- and enjoy
He was certainly enjoying himself now, though his pleasure was mixed
with an almost overwhelming sense of nostalgia. For he was flying, or so it
seemed, at an altitude of about two kilometres, above the spectacular and
unforgotten landscape of his youth. Of course, the perspective was false,
since the Aviary was only half a kilometre high, but the illusion was
He circled Meteor Crater, remembering how he had scrambled up its sides
during his earlier astronaut training. How incredible that anyone could ever
have doubted its origin, and the accuracy of its name! Yet well into the
twentieth century, distinguished geologists had argued that it was volcanic:
not until the coming of the Space Age was it -- reluctantly -- accepted that
all planets were still under continual bombardment.
Poole was quite sure that his comfortable cruising speed was nearer
twenty than two hundred kilometres an hour, yet he had been allowed to reach
Flagstaff in less than fifteen minutes. And there were the whitely-gleaming
domes of the Lowell Observatory, which he had visited so often as a boy, and
whose friendly staff had undoubtedly been responsible for his choice of
career. He had sometimes wondered what his profession might have been, had
he not been born in Arizona, near the very spot where the most long-enduring
and influential of Martian fantasies had been created. Perhaps it was
imagination, but Poole thought he could just see Lowell's unique tomb, close
to the great telescope, which had fuelled his dreams.
From what year, and what season, had this image been captured? He
guessed it had come from the spy satellites which had watched over the world
of the early twenty-first century. It could not be much later than his own
time, for the layout of the city was just as he remembered. Perhaps if he
went low enough he would even see himself...
But he knew that was absurd; he had already discovered that this was
the nearest he could get. If he flew any closer, the image would start to
breakup, revealing its basic pixels. It was better to keep his distance, and
not destroy the beautiful illusion.
And there -- it was incredible! -- was the little park where he had
played with his junior and high-school friends. The City Fathers were always
arguing about its maintenance, as the water supply became more and more
critical. Well, at least it had survived to this time -- whenever that might
And then another memory brought tears to his eyes. Along those narrow
paths, whenever he could get home from Houston or the Moon, he had walked
with his beloved Rhodesian Ridgeback, throwing sticks for him to retrieve,
as man and dog had done from time immemorial.
Poole had hoped, with all his heart, that Rikki would still be there to
greet him when he returned from Jupiter, and had left him in the care of his
younger brother Martin. He almost lost control, and sank several metres
before regaining stability, as he once more faced the bitter truth that both
Rikki and Martin had been dust for centuries.
When he could see properly again, he noticed that the dark band of the
Grand Canyon was just visible on the far horizon. He was debating whether to
head for it -- he was growing a little tired -- when he became aware that he
was not alone in the sky. Something else was approaching, and it was
certainly not a human flyer. Although it was difficult to judge distances
here, it seemed much too large for that.
Well, he thought, I'm not particularly surprised to meet a pterodactyl
here -- indeed, it's just the sort of thing I'd expect. I hope it's friendly
-- or that I can outfly it if it isn't. Oh, no!
A pterodactyl was not a bad guess: maybe eight points out of ten. What
was approaching him now, with slow flaps of its great leathery wings, was a
dragon straight out of Fairyland. And, to complete the picture, there was a
beautiful lady riding on its back. At least, Poole assumed she was
beautiful. The traditional image was rather spoiled by one trifling detail:
much of her face was concealed by a large pair of aviator's goggles that
might have come straight from the open cockpit of a World War I biplane.
Poole hovered in mid-air, like a swimmer treading water, until the
oncoming monster came close enough for him to hear the flapping of its great
wings. Even when it was less than twenty metres away, he could not decide
whether it was a machine or a bio-construct: probably both.
And then he forgot about the dragon, for the rider removed her goggles.
The trouble with cliche?s, some philosopher remarked, probably with a
yawn, is that they are so boringly true.
But 'love at first sight' is never boring.
Danil could provide no information, but then Poole had not expected any
from him. His ubiquitous escort -- he certainly would not pass muster as a
classic valet -- seemed so limited in his functions that Poole sometimes
wondered if he was mentally handicapped, unlikely though that seemed. He
understood the functioning of all the household appliances, carried out
simple orders with speed and efficiency, and knew his way about the Tower.
But that was all; it was impossible to have an intelligent conversation with
him, and any polite queries about his family were met with a look of blank
incomprehension. Poole had even wondered if he too was a bio-robot.
Indra, however, gave him the answer he needed right away.
'Oh, you've met the Dragon Lady!'
'Is that what you call her? What's her real name -- and can you get me
her Ident? We were hardly in a position to touch palms.'
'Of course -- no problemo.'
'Where did you pick up that?'
Indra looked uncharacteristically confused.
'I've no idea -- some old book or movie. Is it a good figure of
'Not if you're over fifteen.'
'I'll try to remember. Now tell me what happened -- unless you want to
make me jealous.'
They were now such good friends that they could discuss any subject
with perfect frankness. Indeed, they had laughingly lamented their total
lack of romantic interest in each other -- though Indra had once commented,
'I guess that if we were both marooned on a desert asteroid, with no hope of
rescue, we could come to some arrangement.'
'First, you tell me who she is.'
'Her name's Aurora McAuley; among many other things, she's President of
the Society for Creative Anachronisms. And if you thought Draco was
impressive, wait until you see some of their other -- ah -- creations. Like
Moby Dick -- and a whole zooful of dinosaurs Mother Nature never thought
This is too good to be true, thought Poole.
I am the biggest anachronism on Planet Earth.
Until now, he had almost forgotten that conversation with the Space
'You may be gone from Earth for at least three years. If you like, I
can give you a harmless anaphrodisiac implant that will last out the
mission. I promise we'll more than make it up, when you get home.'
'No thanks,' Poole had answered, trying to keep his face straight when
he continued, 'I think I can handle it.'
Nevertheless, he had become suspicious after the third or fourth week
-- and so had Dave Bowman.
'I've noticed it too,' Dave said 'I bet those damn doctors put
something in our diet...'
Whatever that something was -- if indeed it had ever existed -- it was
certainly long past its shelf-life. Until now, Poole had been too busy to
get involved in any emotional entanglements, and had politely turned down
generous offers from several young (and not so young) ladies. He was not
sure whether it was his physique or his fame that appealed to them: perhaps
it was nothing more than simple curiosity about a man who, for all they
knew, might be an ancestor from twenty or thirty generations in the past.
To Poole's delight, Mistress McAuley's Ident conveyed the information
that she was currently between lovers, and he wasted no further time in
contacting her. Within twenty-four hours he was pillion-riding, with his
arms enjoyably around her waist. He had also learned why aviator's goggles
were a good idea, for Draco was entirely robotic, and could easily cruise at
a hundred klicks. Poole doubted if any real dragons had ever attained such
He was not surprised that the ever-changing landscapes below them were
straight out of legend. Ali Baba had waved angrily at them, as they overtook
his flying carpet, shouting 'Can't you see where you're going!' Yet he must
be a long way from Baghdad, because the dreaming spires over which they now
circled could only be Oxford.
Aurora confirmed his guess as she pointed down: 'That's the pub -- the
inn -- where Lewis and Tolkien used to meet their friends, the Inklings. And
look at the river -- that boat just coming out from the bridge -- do you see
the two little girls and the clergyman in it?'
'Yes,' he shouted back against the gentle sussuration of Draco's
slipstream. 'And I suppose one of them is Alice.'
Aurora turned and smiled at him over her shoulder: she seemed genuinely
'Quite correct: she's an accurate replica, based on the Reverend's
photos. I was afraid you wouldn't know. So many people stopped reading soon
after your time.'
Poole felt a glow of satisfaction.
I believe I've passed another test, he told himself smugly. Riding on
Draco must have been the first. How many more, I wonder? Fighting with
But there were no more, and the answer to the immemorial 'Your place or
mine?' was -- Poole's.
The next morning, shaken and mortified, he contacted Professor
'Everything was going splendidly,' he lamented, 'when she suddenly
became hysterical and pushed me away. I was afraid I'd hurt her somehow
--'Then she called the roomlight -- we'd been in darkness -- and jumped out
of bed. I guess I was just staring like a fool...' He laughed ruefully. 'She
was certainly worth staring at.'
'I'm sure of it. Go on.'
'After a few minutes she relaxed and said something I'll never be able
Anderson waited patiently for Poole to compose himself. 'She said: "I'm
really sorry, Frank. We could have had a good time. But I didn't know that
you'd been -- mutilated."
The professor looked baffled, but only for a moment. 'Oh -- I
understand. I'm sorry too, Frank -- perhaps I should have warned you. In my
thirty years of practice, I've only seen half a dozen cases -- all for valid
medical reasons, which certainly didn't apply to you...'
'Circumcision made a lot of sense in primitive times -- and even in
your century -- as a defence against some unpleasant -- even fatal --
diseases in backward countries with poor hygiene. But otherwise there was
absolutely no excuse for it -- and several arguments against, as you've just
'I checked the records after I'd examined you the first time, and found
that by mid-twenty-first century there had been so many malpractice suits
that the American Medical Association had been forced to ban it. The
arguments among the contemporary doctors are very entertaining.'
'I'm sure they are,' said Poole morosely.
'In some countries it continued for another century: then some unknown
genius coined a slogan -- please excuse the vulgarity -- "God designed us:
circumcision is blasphemy". That more or less ended the practice. But if you
want, it would be easy to arrange a transplant -- you wouldn't be making
medical history, by any means.'
'I don't think it would work. Afraid I'd start laughing every time.'
'That's the spirit -- you're already getting over it.'
Somewhat to his surprise, Poole realized that Anderson's prognosis was
correct. He even found himself already laughing.
'Now what, Frank?'
'Aurora's "Society for Creative Anachronisms". I'd hoped it would
improve my chances. Just my luck to have found one anachronism she doesn't
13 Stranger in a Strange Time
Indra was not quite as sympathetic as he had hoped: perhaps, after all,
there was some sexual jealousy in their relationship. And -- much more
serious -- what they wryly labelled the Dragon Debacle led to their first
It began innocently enough, when Indra complained:
'People are always asking me why I've devoted my life to such a
horrible period of history, and it's not much of an answer to say that there
were even worse ones.'
'Then why are you interested in my century?'
'Because it marks the transition between barbarism and civilization.'
'Thank you. Just call me Conan.'
'Conan? The only one I know is the man who invented Sherlock Holmes.'
'Never mind -- sorry I interrupted. Of course, we in the so-called
developed countries thought we were civilized. At least war wasn't
respectable any more, and the United Nations was always doing its best to
stop the wars that did break out.'
'Not very successfully: I'd give it about three out of ten. But what we
find incredible is the way that people -- right up to the early 2000s! --
calmly accepted behaviour we would consider atrocious. And believed in the
most mind-boggled --'
'- nonsense, which surely any rational person would dismiss out of
'Well, your really trivial loss started me doing some research, and I
was appalled by what I found. Did you know that every year in some countries
thousands of little girls were hideously mutilated to preserve their
virginity? Many of them died -- but the authorities turned a blind eye.'
'I agree that was terrible -- but what could my government do about
'A great deal -- if it wished. But that would have offended the people
who supplied it with oil and bought its weapons, like the landmines that
killed and maimed civilians by the thousand.'
'You don't understand, Indra. Often we had no choice: we couldn't
reform the whole world. And didn't somebody once say "Politics is the art of
'Quite true -- which is why only second-rate minds go into it. Genius
likes to challenge the impossible.'
'Well, I'm glad you have a good supply of genius, so you can put things
'Do I detect a hint of sarcasm? Thanks to our computers, we can run
political experiments in cyberspace before trying them out in practice.
Lenin was unlucky; he was born a hundred years too soon. Russian communism
might have worked -- at least for a while -- if it had had microchips. And
had managed to avoid Stalin.'
Poole was constantly amazed by Indra's knowledge of his age -- as well
as by her ignorance of so much that he took for granted. In a way, he had
the reverse problem. Even if he lived the hundred years that had been
confidently promised him, he could never learn enough to feel at home. In
any conversation, there would always be references he did not understand,
and jokes that would go over his head. Worse still, he would always feel on
the verge of some "faux pas" -- about to create some social disaster that
would embarrass even the best of his new friends...
Such as the occasion when he was lunching, fortunately in his own
quarters, with Indra and Professor Anderson. The meals that emerged from the
autochef were always perfectly acceptable, having been designed to match his
physiological requirements. But they were certainly nothing to get excited
about, and would have been the despair of a twenty-first-century gourmet.
Then, one day, an unusually tasty dish appeared, which brought back
vivid memories of the deer-hunts and barbecues of his youth. However, there
was something unfamiliar about both flavour and texture, so Poole asked the
Anderson merely smiled, but for a few seconds Indra looked as if she
was about to be sick. Then she recovered and said: 'You tell him -- after
we've finished eating.'
Now what have I done wrong? Poole asked himself. Half an hour later,
with Indra rather pointedly absorbed in a video display at the other end of
the room, his knowledge of the Third Millennium made another major advance.
'Corpse-food was on the way out even in your time,' Anderson explained.
'Raising animals to -- ugh -- eat them became economically impossible. I
don't know how many acres of land it took to feed one cow, but at least ten
humans could survive on the plants it produced. And probably a hundred, with
'But what finished the whole horrible business was not economics -- but
disease. It started first with cattle, then spread to other food animals --
a kind of virus, I believe, that affected the brain, and caused a
particularly nasty death. Although a cure was eventually found, it was too
late to turn back the clock -- and anyway, synthetic foods were now far
cheaper, and you could get them in any flavour you liked.'
Remembering weeks of satisfying but unexciting meals, Poole had strong
reservations about this. For why, he wondered, did he still have wistful
dreams of spare-ribs and cordon bleu steaks?
Other dreams were far more disturbing, and he was afraid that before
long he would have to ask Anderson for medical assistance. Despite
everything that was being done to make him feel at home, the strangeness and
sheer complexity of this new world were beginning to overwhelm him. During
sleep, as if in an unconscious effort to escape, he often reverted to his
earlier life: but when he awoke, that only made matters worse.
He had travelled across to America Tower and looked down, in reality
and not in simulation, on the landscape of his youth -- and it had not been
a good idea. With optical aid, when the atmosphere was clear, he'd got so
close that he could see individual human beings as they went about their
affairs, sometimes along streets that he remembered...
And always, at the back of his mind, was the knowledge that down there
had once lived everyone he had ever loved, Mother, Father (before he had
gone off with that Other Woman), dear Uncle George and Aunt Lil, brother
Martin -- and, not least, a succession of dogs, beginning with the warm
puppies of his earliest childhood and culminating in Rikki.
Above all, there was the memory -- and mystery -- of Helena...
It had begun as a casual affair, in the early days of his
astrotraining, but had become more and more serious as the years went by.
Just before he had left for Jupiter, they had planned to make it permanent
when he returned.
And if he did not, Helena wished to have his child. He still recalled
the blend of solemnity and hilarity with which they had made the necessary
Now, a thousand years later, despite all his efforts, he had been
unable to find if Helena had kept her promise. Just as there were now gaps
in his own memory, so there were also in the collective records of Mankind.
The worst was that created by the devastating electromagnetic pulse from the
2304 asteroid impact, which had wiped out several per cent of the world's
information banks, despite all backups and safety systems. Poole could not
help wondering if, among all the exabytes that were irretrievably lost, were
the records of his own children: even now, his descendants of the thirtieth
generation might be walking the Earth; but he would never know.
It helped a little to have discovered that -- unlike Aurora --some
ladies of this era did not consider him to be damaged goods. On the
contrary: they often found his alteration quite exciting, but this slightly
bizarre reaction made it impossible for Poole to establish any close
relationship. Nor was he anxious to do so; all that he really needed was the
occasional healthy, mindless exercise.
Mindless -- that was the trouble. He no longer had arty purpose in
life. And the weight of too many memories was upon him; echoing the title of
a famous book he had read in his youth, he often said to himself, 'I am a
Stranger in a Strange Time.'
There were even occasions when he looked down at the beautiful planet
on which -- if he obeyed doctor's orders -- he could never walk again, and
wondered what it would be like to make a second acquaintance with the vacuum
of space. Though it was not easy to get through the airlocks without
triggering some alarm, it had been done: every few years, some determined
suicide made a brief meteoric display in the Earth's atmosphere.
Perhaps it was just as well that deliverance was on its way, from a
completely unexpected direction.
'Nice to meet you, Commander Poole -- for the second time.'
'I'm sorry -- don't recall -- but then I see so many people.'
'No need to apologize. First time was out round Neptune.'
'Captain Chandler -- delighted to see you! Can I get something from the
'Anything with over twenty per cent alcohol will be fine.'
'And what are you doing back on Earth? They told me you never come
inside Mars orbit.'
'Almost true -- though I was born here, I think it's a dirty, smelly
place -- too many people -- creeping up to a billion again!'
'More than ten billion in my time. By the way, did you get my "Thank
'Yes -- and I know I should have contacted you. But I waited until I
headed sunwards again. So here I am. Your good health!'
As the Captain disposed of his drink with impressive speed, Poole tried
to analyse his visitor. Beards -- even small goatees like Chandler's -- were
very rare in this society, and he had never known an astronaut who wore one:
they did not co-exist comfortably with space-helmets. Of course, a Captain
might go for years between EVs, and in any case most outside jobs were done
by robots; but there was always the risk of the unexpected, when one might
have to get suited in a hurry. It was obvious that Chandler was something of
an eccentric, and Poole's heart warmed to him.
'You've not answered my question. If you don't like Earth, what are you
'Oh, mostly contacting old friends -- it's wonderful to forget
hour-long delays, and to have real-time conversations! But of course that's
not the reason. My old rust-bucket is having a refit, up at the Rim
shipyard. And the armour has to be replaced; when it gets down to a few
centimetres thick, I don't sleep too well.'
'Dust shield. Not such a problem in your time, was it? But it's a dirty
environment out round Jupiter, and our normal cruise speed is several
thousand klicks -- a second! So there's a continuous gentle pattering, like
raindrops on the roof.'
'Course I am. If we really could hear anything, we'd be dead. Luckily,
this sort of unpleasantness is very rare -- last serious accident was twenty
years ago. We know all the main comet streams, where most of the junk is,
and are careful to avoid them -- except when we're matching velocity to
round up ice.
'But why don't you come aboard and have a look around, before we take
off for Jupiter?'
'I'd be delighted... did you say Jupiter?'
'Well, Ganymede, of course -- Anubis City. We've a lot of business
there, and several of us have families we haven't seen for months.'
Poole scarcely heard him.
Suddenly -- unexpectedly -- and perhaps none too soon, he had found a
reason for living.
Commander Frank Poole was the sort of man who hated to leave a job
undone -- and a few specks of cosmic dust, even moving at a thousand
kilometres a second, were not likely to discourage him.
He had unfinished business at the world once known as Jupiter.
14 A Farewell to Earth
'Anything you want within reason,' he had been told. Frank Poole was
not sure if his hosts would consider that returning to Jupiter was a
reasonable request; indeed, he was not quite sure himself, and was beginning
to have second thoughts.
He had already committed himself to scores of engagements, weeks in
advance. Most of them he would be happy to miss, but there were some he
would be sorry to forgo. In particular, he hated to disappoint the senior
class from his old high school -- how astonishing that it still existed! --
when they planned to visit him next month.
However, he was relieved -- and a little surprised -- when both Indra
and Professor Anderson agreed that it was an excellent idea. For the first
time, he realized that they had been concerned with his mental health;
perhaps a holiday from Earth would be the best possible cure.
And, most important of all, Captain Chandler was delighted. 'You can
have my cabin,' he promised. 'I'll kick the First Mate out of hers.' There
were times when Poole wondered if Chandler, with his beard and swagger, was
not another anachronism. He could easily picture him on the bridge of a
battered three-master, with Skull and Crossbones flying overhead.
Once his decision had been made, events moved with surprising speed. He
had accumulated very few possessions, and fewer still that he needed to take
with him. The most important was Miss Pringle, his electronic alter ego and
secretary, now the storehouse of both his lives, and the small stack of
terabyte memories that went with her.
Miss Pringle was not much larger than the hand-held personal assistants
of his own age, and usually lived, like the Old West's Colt 45, in a
quick-draw holster at his waist. She could communicate with him by audio or
Braincap, and her prime duty was to act as an information filter and a
buffer to the outside world. Like any good secretary, she knew when to
reply, in the appropriate format: 'I'll put you through now' or -- much more
frequently: 'I'm sorry -- Mr Poole is engaged. Please record your message
and he will get back to you as soon as possible.' Usually, this was never.
There were very few farewells to be made: though realtime conversations
would be impossible owing to the sluggish velocity of radio waves, he would
be in constant touch with Indra and Joseph -- the only genuine friends he
Somewhat to his surprise, Poole realized that he would miss his
enigmatic but useful 'valet', because he would now have to handle all the
small chores of everyday life by himself. Danil bowed slightly when they
parted, but otherwise showed no sign of emotion, as they took the long ride
up to the outer curve of the world-circling wheel, thirty-six thousand
kilometres above central Africa.
'I'm not sure, Dim, that you'll appreciate the comparison. But do you
know what Goliath reminds me of?'
They were now such good friends that Poole could use the Captain's
nickname -- but only when no one else was around.
'Something unflattering, I assume.'
'Not really. But when I was a boy, I came across a whole pile of old
science-fiction magazines that my Uncle George had abandoned -- "pulps",
they were called, after the cheap paper they were printed on... most of them
were already falling to bits. They had wonderful garish covers, showing
strange planets and monsters -- and, of course, spaceships!
'As I grew older, I realized how ridiculous those spaceships were. They
were usually rocket-driven -- but there was never any sign of propellant
tanks! Some of them had rows of windows from stem to stem, just like ocean
liners. There was one favourite of mine with a huge glass dome -- a
'Well, those old artists had the last laugh: too bad they could never
know. Goliath looks more like their dreams than the flying fuel-tanks we
used to launch from the Cape.
Your Inertial Drive still seems too good to be true -- no visible means
of support, unlimited range and speed -- sometimes I think I'm the one who's
Chandler laughed and pointed to the view outside.
'Does that look like a dream?'
It was the first time that Poole had seen a genuine horizon since he
had come to Star City, and it was not quite as far away as he had expected.
After all, he was on the outer rim of a wheel seven times the diameter of
Earth, so surely the view across the roof of this artificial world should
extend for several hundred kilometres...
He used to be good at mental arithmetic -- a rare achievement even in
his time, and probably much rarer now. The formula to give the horizon
distance was a simple one: the square root of twice your height times the
radius -- the sort of thing you never forgot, even if you wanted to...
Let's see -- we're about 8 metres up -- so root 16 -- this is easy! --
say big R is 40,000 -- knock off those three zeros to make it all klicks --
4 times root 40 -- hmm -- just over 25...
Well, twenty-five kilometres was a fair distance, and certainly no
spaceport on Earth had ever seemed this huge. Even knowing perfectly well
what to expect, it was uncanny to watch vessels many times the size of his
long-lost Discovery lifting off, not only with no sound, but with no
apparent means of propulsion. Though Poole missed the flame and fury of the
old-time countdowns, he had to admit that this was cleaner, more efficient
-- and far safer.
Strangest of all, though, was to sit up here on the Rim, in the
Geostationary Orbit itself -- and to feel weight! Just metres away, outside
the window of the tiny observation lounge, servicing robots and a few
spacesuited humans were gliding gently about their business; yet here inside
Goliath the inertial field was maintaining standard Mars-gee.
'Sure you don't want to change your mind, Frank?' Captain Chandler had
asked jokingly, as he left for the bridge. 'Still ten minutes before
'Wouldn't be very popular if I did, would I? No -- as they used to say
back in the old days -- we have commit. Ready or not, here I come.'
Poole felt the need to be alone when the drive went on, and the tiny
crew -- only four men and three women -- respected his wish. Perhaps they
guessed how he must be feeling, to leave Earth for the second time in a
thousand years -- and, once again, to face an unknown destiny.
Jupiter-Lucifer was on the other side of the Sun, and the almost
straight line of Goliath's orbit would take them close to Venus. Poole
looked forward to seeing, with his own unaided eyes, if Earth's sister
planet was now beginning to live up to that description, after centuries of
From a thousand kilometres up, Star City looked like a gigantic metal
band around Earth's Equator, dotted with gantries, pressure domes,
scaffolding holding half-completed ships, antennas, and other more enigmatic
structures. It was diminishing swiftly as Goliath headed sunwards, and
presently Poole could see how incomplete it was: there were huge gaps
spanned only by a spider's web of scaffolding, which would probably never be
And now they were falling below the plane of the ring; it was midwinter
in the northern hemisphere, so the slim halo of Star City was inclined at
over twenty degrees to the Sun. Already Poole could see the American and
Asian towers, as shining threads stretching outwards and away, beyond the
blue haze of the atmosphere.
He was barely conscious of time as Goliath gained speed, moving more
swiftly than any comet that had ever fallen sunwards from interstellar
space. The Earth, almost full, still spanned his field of view, and he could
now see the full length of the Africa Tower which had been his home in the
life he was now leaving -- perhaps, he could not help thinking, leaving for
When they were fifty thousand kilometres out, he was able to view the
whole of Star City, as a narrow ellipse enclosing the Earth. Though the far
side was barely visible, as a hair-line of light against the stars, it was
awe-inspiring to think that the human race had now set this sign upon the
Then Poole remembered the rings of Saturn, infinitely more glorious.
The astronautical engineers still had a long, long way to go, before they
could match the achievements of Nature.
Or, if that was the right word, Deus.
15 Transit of Venus
When he woke the next morning, they were already at Venus. But the
huge, dazzling crescent of the still cloud-wrapped planet was not the most
striking object in the sky:
Goliath was floating above an endless expanse of crinkled silver foil,
flashing in the sunlight with ever-changing patterns as the ship drifted
Poole remembered that in his own age there had been an artist who had
wrapped whole buildings in plastic sheets: how he would have loved this
opportunity to package billions of tons of ice in a glittering envelope...
Only in this way could the core of a comet be protected from evaporation on
its decades-long journey sunwards.
'You're in luck, Frank,' Chandler had told him. 'This is something I've
never seen myself. It should be spectacular. Impact due in just over an
hour. We've given it a little nudge, to make sure it comes down in the right
place. Don't want anyone to get hurt.'
Poole looked at him in astonishment.
'You mean -- there are already people on Venus?'
'About fifty mad scientists, near the South Pole. Of course, they're
well dug in, but we should shake them up a bit -- even though Ground Zero is
on the other side of the planet. Or I should say "Atmosphere Zero" -- it
will be days before anything except the shockwave gets down to the surface.'
As the cosmic iceberg, sparkling and flashing in its protective
envelope, dwindled away towards Venus, Poole was struck with a sudden,
poignant memory. The Christmas trees of his childhood had been adorned with
just such ornaments, delicate bubbles of coloured glass. And the comparison
was not completely ludicrous: for many families on Earth, this was still the
right season for gifts, and Goliath was bringing a present beyond price to
The radar image of the tortured Venusian landscape -- its weird
volcanoes, pancake domes, and narrow, sinuous canyons -- dominated the main
screen of Goliath's control centre, but Poole preferred the evidence of his
own eyes. Although the unbroken sea of clouds that covered the planet
revealed nothing of the inferno beneath, he wanted to see what would happen
when the stolen comet struck. In a matter of seconds, the myriad of tons of
frozen hydrates that had been gathering speed for decades on the downhill
run from Neptune would deliver all their energy...
The initial flash was even brighter than he had expected. How strange
that a missile made of ice could generate temperatures that must be in the
tens of thousands of degrees! Though the filters of the view-port would have
absorbed all the dangerous shorter wave-lengths, the fierce blue of the
fireball proclaimed that it was hotter than the Sun.
It was cooling rapidly as it expanded -- through yellow, orange, red...
The shockwave would now be spreading outwards at the velocity of sound --
and what a sound that must be! -- so in a few minutes there should be some
visible indication of its passage across the face of Venus.
And there it was! Only a tiny black ring -- like an insignificant puff
of smoke, giving no hint of the cyclonic fury that must be blasting its way
outwards from the point of impact. As Poole watched, it slowly expanded,
though owing to its scale there was no sense of visible movement: he had to
wait for a full minute before he could be quite sure that it had grown
After a quarter of an hour, however, it was the most prominent marking
on the planet. Though much fainter -- a dirty grey, rather than black -- the
shockwave was now a ragged circle more than a thousand kilometres across.
Poole guessed that it had lost its original symmetry while sweeping over the
great mountain ranges that lay beneath it.
Captain Chandler's voice sounded briskly over the ship's address
'Putting you through to Aphrodite Base. Glad to say they're not
shouting for help --'
'- shook us up a bit, but just what we expected. Monitors indicate some
rain already over the Nokomis Mountains -- it will soon evaporate, but
that's a beginning. And there seems to have been a flash-flood in Hecate
Chasm -- too good to be true, but we're checking. There was a temporary lake
of boiling water there after the last delivery --'
I don't envy them, Poole told himself -- but I certainly admire them.
They prove that the spirit of adventure still exists in this perhaps
too-comfortable and too-well-adjusted society.
'- and thanks again for bringing this little load down in the right
place. With any luck -- and if we can get that sun-screen up into sync orbit
-- we'll have some permanent seas before long. And then we can plant coral
reefs, to make lime and pull the excess CO2 out of the atmosphere -- hope I
live to see it!'
I hope you do, thought Poole in silent admiration. He had often dived
in the tropical seas of Earth, admiring weird and colourful creatures so
bizarre that it was hard to believe anything stranger would be found, even
on the planets of other suns.
'Package delivered on time, and receipt acknowledged,' said Captain
Chandler with obvious satisfaction. 'Goodbye Venus -- Ganymede, here we
Hello, Indra. Yes, you were quite right. I do miss our little
arguments. Chandler and I get along fine, and at first the crew treated me
-- this will amuse you -- rather like a holy relic. But they're beginning to
accept me, and have even started to pull my leg (do you know that idiom?).
It's annoying not to be able to have a real conversation -- we've
crossed the orbit of Mars, so radio round-trip is already over an hour. But
there's one advantage -- you won't be able to interrupt me...
Even though it will take us only a week to reach Jupiter, I thought I'd
have time to relax. Not a bit of it: my fingers started to itch, and I
couldn't resist going back to school. So I've begun basic training, all over
again, in one of Goliath's minishuttles. Maybe Dim will actually let me
It's not much bigger than Discovery's pods -- but what a difference!
First of all, of course, it doesn't use rockets: I can't get used to the
luxury of the inertial drive, and unlimited range. Could fly back to Earth
if I had to -- though I'd probably get -- remember the phrase I used once,
and you guessed its meaning? -- 'stir crazy'.
The biggest difference, though, is the control system. It's been a big
challenge for me to get used to hands-off operation -- and the computer has
had to learn to recognize my voice commands. At first it was asking every
five minutes 'Do you really mean that?' I know it would be better to use the
Braincap -- but I'm still not completely confident with that gadget. Not
sure if I'll ever get used to something reading my mind.
By the way, the shuttle's called Falcon. It's a nice name -- and I was
disappointed to find that no one aboard knew that it goes all the way back
to the Apollo missions, when we first landed on the Moon...
Uh-huh -- there was a lot more I wanted to say, but the skipper is
calling. Back to the classroom -- love and out.
Hello Frank -- Indra calling -- if that's right word! -- on my new
Thoughtwriter -- old one had nervous breakdown ha ha -- so be lots of
mistakes -- no time to edit before I send. Hope you can make sense.
COMSET! Channel one oh three -- record from twelve thirty -- correction
-- thirteen thirty. Sorry...
Hope I can get old unit fixed -- knew all my short-cuts and abbrieves
-- maybe should get psychoanalysed like in your time -- never understood how
that Fraudian -- mean Freudian ha ha -- nonsense lasted as long as it did --
Reminds me -- came across late Twentieth defin other day -- may amuse you --
something like this -- quote --Psychoanalysis -- contagious disease
originating Vienna circa 1900 -- now extinct in Europe but occasional
outbreaks among rich Americans. Unquote. Funny?
Sorry again -- trouble with Thoughtwriters -- hard to stick to point
--xz 12? w 888 5***** js98l2yebdc DAMN... STOP BACKUP
Did I do something wrong then? Will try again. You mentioned Danil...
sorry we always evaded your questions about him -- knew you were curious,
but we had very good reason -- remember you once called him a non-person?...
not bad guess...!
Once you asked me about crime nowadays -- I said any such interest
pathological -- maybe prompted by the endless sickening television
programmes of your time -- never able to watch more than few minutes
GOOD-BYE, DOCTOR FLOYD. WE CAN HAVE NO FURTHER CONTACT. BUT THERE MAY
Yes -- crime. Always some... Society's irreducible noise level. What to
Your solution -- prisons. State-sponsored perversion factories --
costing ten times average family income to hold one inmate! Utterly crazy...
Obviously something very wrong with people who shouted loudest for more
prisons -- They should be psychoanalysed! But let's be fair -- really no
alternative before electronic monitoring and control perfected -- you should
see the joyful crowds smashing the prison walls then -- nothing like it
since Berlin fifty years earlier!
Yes -- Danil. I don't know what his crime was -- wouldn't tell you if I
did -- but presume his psych profile suggested he'd make a good -- what was
the word? -- ballet -- no, valet. Very hard to get people for some jobs --
don't know how we'd manage if crime level zero! Anyway hope he's soon
decontrolled and back in normal society
DOOR ACKNOWLEDGE! OH, HELLO MELINDA EXCUSE SIT DOWN NEARLY FINISHED...
That's it, Frank -- regards to Dimitrj -- you must be halfway to
Ganymede now -- wonder if they'll ever repeal Einstein so we can talk across
space in real-time!
Hope this machine soon gets used to me. Otherwise be looking round for
genuine antique twentieth century word processor... Would you believe --
once even mastered that QWERTYIYUIOP nonsense, which you took a couple of
hundred years to get rid of?
Love and good-bye.
Hello Frank -- here I am again. Still waiting acknowledgement of my
Strange you should be heading towards Ganymede, and my old friend Ted
Khan. But perhaps it's not such a coincidence: he was drawn by the same
enigma that you were...
First I must tell you something about him. His parents played a dirty
trick, giving him the name Theodore. That shortens -- don't ever call him
that! -- to Theo. See what I mean?
Can't help wondering if that's what drives him. Don't know anyone else
who's developed such an interest in religion -- no, obsession. Better warn
you; he can be quite a bore.
By the way, how am I doing? I miss my old Thinkwriter, but seem to be
getting this machine under control. Haven't made any bad -- what did you
call them? -- bloopers -- glitches -- fluffs -- so far at least -- Not sure
I should tell you this, in case you accidentally blurt it out, but my
private nickname for Ted is 'The Last Jesuit'. You must know something about
them -- the Order was still very active in your time.
Amazing people -- often great scientists -- superb scholars -- did a
tremendous amount of good as well as much harm. One of history's supreme
ironies -- sincere and brilliant seekers of knowledge and truth, yet their
whole philosophy hopelessly distorted by superstition...
Xuedn2k3jn deer 2leidj dwpp
Damn. Got emotional and lost control. One, two, three, four... now is
the time for all good men to come to the aid of the party... that's better.
Anyway, Ted has that same brand of high-minded determination; don't get
into any arguments with him -- he'll go over you like a steam-roller.
By the way what were steam-rollers? Used for pressing clothes? Can see
how that could be very uncomfortable...
Trouble with Thinkwriters... too easy to go off in all directions, no
matter how hard you try to discipline yourself... something to be said for
keyboards after all... sure I've said that before...
Ted Khan... Ted Khan... Ted Khan
He's still famous back on Earth for at least two of his sayings:
'Civilization and Religion are incompatible' and 'Faith is believing what
you know isn't true'. Actually, I don't think the last one is original; if
it is, that's the nearest he ever got to a joke. He never cracked a smile
when I tried one of my favourites on him -- hope you haven't heard it
before. It obviously dates from your time.
The Dean's complaining to his Faculty. 'Why do you scientists need such
expensive equipment? Why can't you be like the Maths Department, which only
needs a blackboard and a waste-paper basket? Better still, like the
Department of Philosophy. That doesn't even need a wastepaper basket...'
Well, perhaps Ted had heard it before... I expect most philosophers have...
Anyway, give him my regards -- and don't, repeat don't, get into any
arguments with him!
Love and best wishes from Africa Tower.
16 The Captain's Table
The arrival of such a distinguished passenger had caused a certain
disruption in the tight little world of Goliath, but the crew had adapted to
it with good humour. Every day, at 18.00 hours, all personnel gathered for
dinner in the wardroom, which in zero-gee could hold at least thirty people
in comfort, if spread uniformly around the walls. However, most of the time
the ship's working areas were held at lunar gravity, so there was an
undeniable floor -- and more than eight bodies made a crowd.
The semi-circular table that unfolded around the auto-chef at mealtimes
could just seat the entire seven-person crew, with the Captain at the place
of honour. One extra created such insuperable problems that somebody now had
to eat alone for every meal. After much good-natured debate, it was decided
to make the choice in alphabetical order -- not of proper names, which were
hardly ever used, but of nicknames. It had taken Poole some time to get used
to them: 'Bolts' (structural engineering); 'Chips' (computers and
communications); 'First' (First Mate); 'Life' (medical and life-support
systems); 'Props' (propulsion and power); and 'Stars' (orbits and
During the ten-day voyage, as he listened to the stories, jokes and
complaints of his temporary shipmates, Poole learned more about the solar
system than during his months on Earth. All aboard were obviously delighted
to have a new and perhaps naïve listener as an attentive one-man audience,
but Poole was seldom taken in by their more imaginative stories.
Yet sometimes it was hard to know where to draw the line. No one really
believed in the Golden Asteroid, which was usually regarded as a
twenty-fourth-century hoax. But what about the Mercurian plasmoids, which
had been reported by at least a dozen reliable witnesses during the last
five hundred years?
The simplest explanation was that they were related to ball-lightning,
responsible for so many 'Unidentified Flying Object' reports on Earth and
Mars. But some observers swore that they had shown purposefulness -- even
inquisitiveness -- when they were encountered at close quarters. Nonsense,
answered the sceptics -- merely electrostatic attraction!
Inevitably, this led to discussions about life in the Universe, and
Poole found himself -- not for the first time --defending his own era
against its extremes of credulity and scepticism. Although the 'Aliens are
among us' mania had already subsided when he was a boy, even as late as the
2020s the Space Agency was still plagued by lunatics who claimed to have
been contacted -- or abducted -- by visitors from other worlds. Their
delusions had been reinforced by sensational media exploitation, and the
whole syndrome was later enshrined in the medical literature as 'Adamski's
The discovery of TMA ONE had, paradoxically, put an end to this sorry
nonsense, by demonstrating that though there was indeed intelligence
elsewhere, it had apparently not concerned itself with Mankind for several
million years. TMA ONE had also convincingly refuted the handful of
scientists who argued that life above the bacterial level was such an
improbable phenomenon that the human race was alone in this Galaxy -- if not
Goliath's crew was more interested in the technology than the politics
and economics of Poole's era, and were particularly fascinated by the
revolution that had taken place in his own lifetime -- the end of the
fossil-fuel age, triggered by the harnessing of vacuum energy. They found it
hard to imagine the smog-choked cities of the twentieth century, and the
waste, greed and appalling environmental disasters of the Oil Age.
'Don't blame me,' said Poole, fighting back gamely after one round of
criticism. 'Anyway, see what a mess the twenty-first century made.'
There was a chorus of 'What do you mean?'s around the table.
'Well, as soon as the so-called Age of Infinite Power got under way,
and everyone had thousands of kilowatts of cheap, clean energy to play with
-- you know what happened!'
'Oh, you mean the Thermal Crisis. But that was fixed.'
'Eventually -- after you'd covered half the Earth with reflectors to
bounce the Sun's heat back into space. Otherwise it would have been as
parboiled as Venus by now.'
The crew's knowledge of Third Millennium history was so surprisingly
limited that Poole -- thanks to the intensive education he had received in
Star City -- could often amaze them with details of events centuries after
his own time. However, he was flattered to discover how well-acquainted they
were with Discovery's log, it had become one of the classic records of the
Space Age. They looked on it as he might have regarded a Viking saga; often
he had to remind himself that he was midway in time between Goliath and the
first ships to cross the western ocean...
'On your Day 86,' Stars reminded him, at dinner on the fifth evening,
'you passed within two thousand kay of asteroid 7794 -- and shot a probe
into it. Do you remember?"
'Of course I do,' Poole answered rather brusquely 'To me, it happened
less than a year ago'
'Um, sorry. Well, tomorrow we'll be even closer to 13,445. Like to have
a look?' With autoguidance and freeze-frame, we should have a window all of
ten milliseconds wide.'
A hundredth of a second! That few minutes in Discovery had seemed
hectic enough, but now everything would happen fifty times faster.
'How large is it?' Poole asked.
'Thirty by twenty by fifteen metres,' Stars replied. 'Looks like a
'Sorry we don't have a slug to fire at it,' said Props. 'Did you ever
wonder if 7794 would hit back?'
'Never occurred to us. But it did give the astronomers a lot of useful
information, so it was worth the risk... Anyway, a hundredth of a second
hardly seems worth the bother. Thanks all the same.'
'I understand. When you've seen one asteroid, you've seen them --'
'Not true, Chips. When I was on Eros --'
'As you've told us at least a dozen times --, Poole's mind tuned out
the discussion, so that it was a background of meaningless noise. He was a
thousand years in the past, recalling the only excitement of Discovery's
mission before the final disaster. Though he and Bowman were perfectly aware
that 7794 was merely a lifeless, airless chunk of rock, that knowledge
scarcely affected their feelings. It was the only solid matter they would
meet this side of Jupiter, and they had stared at it with the emotions of
sailors on a long sea voyage, skirting a coast on which they could not land.
It was turning slowly end over end, and there were mottled patches of
light and shade distributed at random over its surface. Sometimes it
sparkled like a distant window, as planes or outcroppings of crystalline
material flashed in the Sun...
He remembered, also, the mounting tension as they waited to see if
their aim had been accurate. It was not easy to hit such a small target, two
thousand kilometres away, moving at a relative velocity of twenty kilometres
Then, against the darkened portion of the asteroid, there had been a
sudden, dazzling explosion of light. The tiny slug -- pure Uranium 238 --
had impacted at meteoric speed: in a fraction of a second, all its kinetic
energy had been transformed into heat. A puff of incandescent gas had
erupted briefly into space, and Discovery's cameras were recording the
rapidly fading spectral lines, looking for the tell-tale signatures of
glowing atoms. A few hours later, back on Earth, the astronomers learned for
the first time the composition of an asteroid's crust. There were no major
surprises, but several bottles of champagne changed hands.
Captain Chandler himself took little part in the very democratic
discussions around his semi-circular table: he seemed content to let his
crew relax and express their feelings in this informal atmosphere. There was
only one unspoken rule: no serious business at mealtimes. If there were any
technical or operational problems, they had to be dealt with elsewhere.
Poole had been surprised -- and a little shocked -- to discover that
the crew's knowledge of Goliath's systems was very superficial. Often he had
asked questions which should have been easily answered, only to be referred
to the ship's own memory banks. After a while, however, he realized that the
sort of in-depth training he had received in his days was no longer
possible: far too many complex systems were involved for any man or woman's
mind to master. The various specialists merely had to know what their
equipment did, not how. Reliability depended on redundancy and automatic
checking, and human intervention was much more likely to do harm than good.
Fortunately none was required on this voyage: it had been as uneventful
as any skipper could have hoped, when the new sun of Lucifer dominated the
SORRY MELINDA NEARLY FINISHED
(Extract, text only, Tourist's Guide to Outer Solar System, v 219.3)
Even today, the giant satellites of what was once Jupiter present us
with major mysteries. Why are four worlds, orbiting the same primary and
very similar in size, so different in most other respects?
Only in the case of Io, the innermost satellite, is there a convincing
explanation. It is so close to Jupiter that the gravitational tides
constantly kneading its interior generate colossal quantities of heat -- so
much, indeed, that Io's surface is semi-molten. It is the most volcanically
active world in the Solar System; maps of Io have a half-life of only a few
Though no permanent human bases have ever been established in such an
unstable environment, there have been numerous landings and there is
continuous robot monitoring. (For the tragic fate of the 2571 Expedition,
see Beagle 5.)
Europa, second in distance from Jupiter, was originally entirely
covered in ice, and showed few surface features except a complicated network
of cracks. The tidal forces which dominate Io were much less powerful here,
but produced enough heat to give Europa a global ocean of liquid water, in
which many strange life-forms have evolved.
In 2010 the Chinese ship Tsien touched down on Europa on one of the few
outcrops of solid rock protruding through the crust of ice. In doing so it
disturbed a creature of the Europan abyss and was destroyed (see Spacecraft
Tsien, Galaxy, Universe).
Since the conversion of Jupiter into the mini-sun Lucifer in 2061,
virtually all of Europa's ice-cover has melted, and extensive vulcanism has
created several small islands.
As is well-known, there have been no landings on Europa for almost a
thousand years, but the satellite is under continuous surveillance.
Ganymede, largest moon in the Solar System (diameter 5260 kilometres),
has also been affected by the creation of a new sun, and its equatorial
regions are warm enough to sustain terrestrial life-forms, though it does
not yet have a breathable atmosphere. Most of its population is actively
engaged in terraforming and scientific research; the main settlement is
Anubis (pop 41,000), near the South Pole.
Callisto is again wholly different. Its entire surface is covered by
impact craters of all sizes, so numerous that they overlap. The bombardment
must have continued for millions of years, for the newer craters have
completely obliterated the earlier ones. There is no permanent base on
Callisto, but several automatic stations have been established there.
It was unusual for Frank Poole to oversleep, but he had been kept awake
by strange dreams. Past and present were inextricably mixed; sometimes he
was on Discovery, sometimes in the Africa Tower -- and sometimes he was a
boy again, among friends he had thought long-forgotten.
Where am I? he asked himself as he struggled up to consciousness, like
a swimmer trying to get back to the surface. There was a small window just
above his bed, covered by a curtain not thick enough to completely block the
light from outside. There had been a time, around the mid-twentieth century,
when aircraft had been slow enough to feature First Class sleeping
accommodation: Poole had never sampled this nostalgic luxury, which some
tourist organizations had still advertised in his own day, but he could
easily imagine that he was doing so now.
He drew the curtain and looked out. No, he had not awakened in the
skies of Earth, though the landscape unrolling below was not unlike the
Antarctic. But the South Pole had never boasted two suns, both rising at
once as Goliath swept towards them.
The ship was orbiting less than a hundred kilometres above what
appeared to be an immense ploughed field, lightly dusted with snow. But the
ploughman must have been drunk -- or the guidance system must have gone
crazy -- for the furrows meandered in every direction, sometimes cutting
across each other or turning back on themselves. Here and there the terrain
was dotted with faint circles --ghost craters from meteor impacts aeons ago.
So this is Ganymede, Poole wondered drowsily. Mankind's furthest
outpost from home! Why should any sensible person want to live here? Well,
I've often thought that when I've flown over Greenland or Iceland in
There was a knock on the door, a 'Mind if I come in?', and Captain
Chandler did so without waiting for a reply.
'Thought we'd let you sleep until we landed -- that end-of-trip party
did last longer than I'd intended, but I couldn't risk a mutiny by cutting
'Has there ever been a mutiny in space?'
'Oh, quite a few but not in my time. Now we've mentioned the subject,
you might say that Hal started the tradition... sorry -- perhaps I shouldn't
-- look -- there's Ganymede City!'
Coming up over the horizon was what appeared to be a criss-cross
pattern of streets and avenues, intersecting almost at right-angles but with
the slight irregularity typical of any settlement that had grown by
accretion, without central planning. It was bisected by a broad river --
Poole recalled that the equatorial regions of Ganymede were now warm enough
for liquid water to exist -- and it reminded him of an old wood-cut he had
seen of medieval London.
Then he noticed that Chandler was looking at him with an expression of
amusement... and the illusion vanished as he realized the scale of the
'The Ganymedeans,' he said dryly, 'must have been rather large, to have
made roads five or ten kilometres wide.'
'Twenty in some places. Impressive, isn't it? And all the result of ice
stretching and contracting. Mother Nature is ingenious... I could show you
some patterns that look even more artificial, though they're not as large as
'When I was a boy, there was a big fuss about a face on Mars. Of
course, it turned out to be a hill that had been carved by sand-storms...
lots of similar ones in Earth's deserts.'
'Didn't someone say that history always repeats itself? Same sort of
nonsense happened with Ganymede City -- some nuts claimed it had been built
by aliens. But I'm afraid it won't be around much longer.'
'Why?' asked Poole in surprise.
'It's already started to collapse, as Lucifer melts the permafrost. You
won't recognize Ganymede in another hundred years... there's the edge of
Lake Gilgamesh -- if you look carefully -- over on the right-'
'I see what you mean. What's happening -- surely the water's not
boiling, even at this low pressure?'
'Electrolysis plant. Don't know how many skillions of kilograms of
oxygen a day. Of course, the hydrogen goes up and gets lost -- we hope.'
Chandler's voice trailed off into silence. Then he resumed, in an
unusually diffident tone: 'All that beautiful water down there -- Ganymede
doesn't need half of it! Don't tell anyone, but I've been working out ways
of getting some to Venus.'
'Easier than nudging comets?'
'As far as energy is concerned, yes -- Ganymede's escape velocity is
only three klicks per second. And much, much quicker -- years instead of
decades. But there are a few practical difficulties..
'I can appreciate that. Would you shoot it off by a mass-launcher?'
'Oh no -- I'd use towers reaching up through the atmosphere, like the
ones on Earth, but much smaller. We'd pump the water up to the top, freeze
it down to near absolute zero, and let Ganymede sling it off in the right
direction as it rotated. There would be some evaporation loss in transit,
but most of it would arrive -- what's so funny?'
'Sorry -- I'm not laughing at the idea -- it makes good sense. But
you've brought back such a vivid memory. We used to have a garden sprinkler
-- driven round and round by its water jets. What you're planning is the
same thing -- on a slightly bigger scale... using a whole world...'
Suddenly, another image from his past obliterated all else. Poole
remembered how, in those hot Arizona days, he and Rikki had loved to chase
each other through the clouds of moving mist, from the slowly revolving
spray of the garden sprinkler.
Captain Chandler was a much more sensitive man than he pretended to be:
he knew when it was time to leave.
'Gotta get back to the bridge,' he said gruffly. 'See you when we land
18 Grand Hotel
The Grand Ganymede Hotel -- inevitably known throughout the Solar
System as 'Hotel Grannymede' was certainly not grand, and would be lucky to
get a rating of one-and-a-half stars on Earth. As the nearest competition
was several hundred million kilometres away, the management felt little need
to exert itself unduly.
Yet Poole had no complaints, though he often wished that Danil was
still around, to help him with the mechanics of life and to communicate more
efficiently with the semi-intelligent devices with which he was surrounded.
He had known a brief moment of panic when the door had closed behind the
(human) bellboy, who had apparently been too awed by his guest to explain
how any of the room's services functioned. After five minutes of fruitless
talking to the unresponsive walls, Poole had finally made contact with a
system that understood his accent and his commands. What an 'All Worlds'
news item it would have made -- 'Historic astronaut starves to death,
trapped in Ganymede hotel room'!
And there would have been a double irony. Perhaps the naming of the
Grannymede's only luxury suite was inevitable, but it had been a real shock
to meet an ancient life-size holo of his old shipmate, in full-dress
uniform, as he was led into -- the Bowman Suite. Poole even recognized the
image: his own official portrait had been made at the same time, a few days
before the mission began.
He soon discovered that most of his Goliath crewmates had domestic
arrangements in Anubis, and were anxious for him to meet their Significant
Others during the ship's planned twenty-day stop. Almost immediately he was
caught up in the social and professional life of this frontier settlement,
and it was Africa Tower that now seemed a distant dream.
Like many Americans, in their secret hearts, Poole had a nostalgic
affection for small communities where everyone knew everyone else -- in the
real world, and not the virtual one of cyberspace. Anubis, with a resident
population less than that of his remembered Flagstaff, was not a bad
approximation to this ideal.
The three main pressure domes, each two kilometres in diameter, stood
on a plateau overlooking an ice-field which stretched unbroken to the
horizon. Ganymede's second sun
-- once known as Jupiter -- would never give sufficient heat to melt
the polar caps. This was the principal reason for establishing Anubis in
such an inhospitable spot: the city's foundations were not likely to
collapse for at least several centuries.
And inside the domes, it was easy to be completely indifferent to the
outside world. Poole, when he had mastered the mechanisms of the Bowman
Suite, discovered that he had a limited but impressive choice of
environments. He could sit beneath palm trees on a Pacific beach, listening
to the gentle murmur of the waves -- or, if he preferred, the roar of a
tropical hurricane. He could fly slowly along the peaks of the Himalayas, or
down the immense canyons of Mariner Valley. He could walk through the
gardens of Versailles or down the streets of half a dozen great cities, at
several widely spaced times in their history. Even if the Hotel Grannymede
was not one of the Solar System's most highly acclaimed resorts, it boasted
facilities which would have astounded all its more famous predecessors on
But it was ridiculous to indulge in terrestrial nostalgia, when he had
come half-way across the Solar System to visit a strange new world. After
some experimenting, Poole arranged a compromise, for enjoyment -- and
inspiration --during his steadily fewer moments of leisure.
To his great regret, he had never been to Egypt, so it was delightful
to relax beneath the gaze of the Sphinx -- as it was before its
controversial 'restoration' -- and to watch tourists scrambling up the
massive blocks of the Great Pyramid. The illusion was perfect, apart from
the no-man's-land where the desert clashed with the (slightly worn) carpet
of the Bowman Suite.
The sky, however, was one that no human eyes had seen until five
thousand years after the last stone was laid at Giza. But it was not an
illusion; it was the complex and ever-changing reality of Ganymede.
Because this world -- like its companions -- had been robbed of its
spin aeons ago by the tidal drag of Jupiter, the new sun born from the giant
planet hung motionless in its sky. One side of Ganymede was in perpetual
Lucifer-light -- and although the other hemisphere was often referred to as
the 'Night Land', that designation was as misleading as the much earlier
phrase 'The dark side of the Moon'. Like the lunar Farside, Ganymede's
'Night Land' had the brilliant light of old Sol for half of its long day.
By a coincidence more confusing than useful, Ganymede took almost
exactly one week -- seven days, three hours --to orbit its primary. Attempts
to create a 'One Mede day = one Earth week' calendar had generated so much
chaos that they had been abandoned centuries ago. Like all the other
residents of the Solar System, the locals employed Universal Time,
identifying their twenty-four-hour standard days by numbers rather than
Since Ganymede's newborn atmosphere was still extremely thin and almost
cloudless, the parade of heavenly bodies provided a never-ending spectacle.
At their closest, Io and Callisto each appeared about half the size of the
Moon as seen from Earth -- but that was the only thing they had in common.
Io was so close to Lucifer that it took less than two days to race around
its orbit, and showed visible movement even in a matter of minutes.
Callisto, at over four times Io's distance, required two Mede days -- or
sixteen Earth ones -- to complete its leisurely circuit.
The physical contrast between the two worlds was even more remarkable.
Deep-frozen Callisto had been almost unchanged by Jupiter's conversion into
a mini-sun: it was still a wasteland of shallow ice craters, so closely
packed that there was not a single spot on the entire satellite that had
escaped from multiple impacts, in the days when Jupiter's enormous gravity
field was competing with Saturn's to gather up the debris of the outer Solar
System. Since then, apart from a few stray shots, nothing had happened for
several billion years.
On Io, something was happening every week. As a local wit had remarked,
before the creation of Lucifer it had been Hell -- now it was Hell warmed
Often, Poole would zoom into that burning landscape and look into the
sulphurous throats of volcanoes that were continually reshaping an area
larger than Africa. Sometimes incandescent fountains would soar briefly
hundreds of kilometres into space, like gigantic trees of fire growing on a
As the floods of molten sulphur spread out from volcanoes and vents,
the versatile element changed through a narrow spectrum of reds and oranges
and yellows when, chameleon-like, it was transformed into its vari-coloured
allotropes. Before the dawn of the Space Age, no one had ever imagined that
such a world existed. Fascinating though it was to observe it from his
comfortable vantage point, Poole found it hard to believe that men had ever
risked landing there, where even robots feared to tread... His main
interest, however, was Europa, which at its closest appeared almost exactly
the same size as Earth's solitary Moon, but raced through its phases in only
four days. Though Poole had been quite unconscious of the symbolism when he
chose his private landscape, it now seemed wholly appropriate that Europa
should hang in the sky above another great enigma -- the Sphinx.
Even with no magnification, when he requested the naked-eye view, Poole
could see how greatly Europa had changed in the thousand years since
Discovery had set out for Jupiter. The spider's web of narrow bands and
lines that had once completely enveloped the smallest of the four Galilean
satellites had vanished, except around the poles. Here the global crust of
kilometre-thick ice remained unmelted by the warmth of Europa's new sun:
elsewhere, virgin oceans seethed and boiled in the thin atmosphere, at what
would have been comfortable room temperature on Earth.
It was also a comfortable temperature to the creatures who had emerged,
after the melting of the unbroken ice shield that had both trapped and
protected them. Orbiting spysats, showing details only centimetres across,
had watched one Europan species starting to evolve into an amphibious stage:
though they still spent much of their time underwater, the 'Europs' had even
begun the construction of simple buildings.
That this could happen in a mere thousand years was astonishing, but no
one doubted that the explanation lay in the last and greatest of the
Monoliths -- the many-kilometre-long 'Great Wall' standing on the shore of
the Sea of Galilee.
And no one doubted that, in its own mysterious way, it was watching
over the experiment it had started on this world -- as it had done on Earth
four million years before.
19 The Madness of Mankind
My dear Indra -- sorry I've not even voice-mailed you before -- usual
excuse, of course, so I won't bother to give it.
To answer your question -- yes, I'm now feeling quite at home at the
Grannymede, but am spending less and less time there, though I've been
enjoying the sky display I've had piped into my suite. Last night the Io
flux-tube put on a fine performance -- that's a kind of lightning discharge
between Io and Jupiter -- I mean Lucifer. Rather like Earth's aurora, but
much more spectacular. Discovered by the radio astronomers even before I was
And talking about ancient times -- did you know that Anubis has a
Sheriff? I think that's overdoing the frontier spirit. Reminds me of the
stories my grandfather used to tell me about Arizona... Must try some of
them on the Medes...
This may sound silly -- I'm still not used to being in the Bowman
Suite. I keep looking over my shoulder...
How do I spend my time? Much the same as in Africa Tower. I'm meeting
the local intelligentsia, though as you might expect they're rather thin on
the ground (hope no one is bugging this). And I've interacted -- real and
virtual -- with the educational system -- very good, it seems, though more
technically oriented than you'd approve. That's inevitable, of course, in
this hostile environment...
But it's helped me to understand why people live here. There's a
challenge -- a sense of purpose, if you like -- that I seldom found on
It's true that most of the Medes were born here, so don't know any
other home. Though they're -- usually -- too polite to say so, they think
that the Home Planet is becoming decadent. Are you? And if so, what are you
Terries -- as the locals call you -- going to do about it? One of the
teenage classes I've met hopes to wake you up. They're drawing up elaborate
Top Secret plans for the Invasion of Earth. Don't say I didn't warn you...
I've made one trip outside Anubis, into the so-called Night Land, where
they never see Lucifer. Ten of us --Chandler, two of Goliath's crew, six
Medes -- went into Farside, and chased the Sun down to the horizon so it
really was night. Awesome -- much like polar winters on Earth, but with the
sky completely black... almost felt I was in space.
We could see all the Galileans beautifully, and watched Europa eclipse
-- sorry, occult -- Io. Of course, the trip had been timed so we could
Several of the smaller satellites were just also visible, but the
double star Earth-Moon was much more conspicuous. Did I feel homesick?
Frankly, no -- though I miss my new friends back there...
And I'm sorry -- I still haven't met Dr Khan, though he's left several
messages for me. I promise to do it in the next few days -- Earth days, not
Best wishes to Joe -- regards to Danil, if you know what's happened to
him -- is he a real person again? -- and my love to yourself.
Back in Poole's century, a person's name often gave a clue to his/her
appearance, but that was no longer true thirty generations later. Dr
Theodore Khan turned out to be a Nordic blond who might have looked more at
home in a Viking longboat than ravaging the steppes of Central Asia:
however, he would not have been too impressive in either role, being less
than a hundred and fifty centimetres tall. Poole could not resist a little
amateur psychoanalysis: small people were often aggressive over-achievers --
which, from Indra Wallace's hints, appeared to be a good description of
Ganymede's sole resident philosopher. Khan probably needed these
qualifications, to survive in such a practically-minded society.
Anubis City was far too small to boast a university campus -- a luxury
which still existed on the other worlds, though many believed that the
telecommunications revolution had made it obsolete. Instead, it had
something much more appropriate, as well as centuries older -- an Academy,
complete with a grove of olive trees that would have fooled Plato himself,
until he had attempted to walk through it. Indra's joke about departments of
philosophy requiring no more equipment than blackboards clearly did not
apply in this sophisticated environment.
'It's built to hold seven people,' said Dr Khan proudly, when they had
settled down on chairs obviously designed to be not-too-comfortable,
'because that's the maximum one can efficiently interact with. And, if you
count the ghost of Socrates, it was the number present when Phaedo delivered
his famous address...'
'The one on the immortality of the soul?'
Khan was so obviously surprised that Poole could not help laughing.
'I took a crash course in philosophy just before I graduated -- when
the syllabus was planned, someone decided that we hairy-knuckled engineers
should be exposed to a little culture.'
'I'm delighted to hear it. That makes things so much easier. You know
-- I still can't credit my luck. Your arrival here almost tempts me to
believe in miracles! I'd even thought of going to Earth to meet you -- has
dear Indra told you about my -- ah -- obsession?'
'No,' Poole answered, not altogether truthfully.
Dr Khan looked very pleased; he was clearly delighted to find a new
'You may have heard me called an atheist, but that's not quite true.
Atheism is unprovable, so uninteresting. Equally, however unlikely it is, we
can never be certain that God once existed -- and has now shot off to
infinity, where no one can ever find him... Like Gautama Buddha, I take no
position on this subject. My field of interest is the psychopathology known
'Psychopathology? That's a harsh judgement.'
'Amply justified by history. Imagine that you're an intelligent
extraterrestrial, concerned only with verifiable truths. You discover a
species which has divided itself into thousands -- no by now millions -- of
tribal groups holding an incredible variety of beliefs about the origin of
the universe and the way to behave in it. Although many of them have ideas
in common, even when there's a ninety-nine per cent overlap, the remaining
one per cent is enough to set them killing and torturing each other, over
trivial points of doctrine, utterly meaningless to outsiders.'
'How to account for such irrational behaviour? Lucretius hit it on the
nail when he said that religion was the by-product of fear -- a reaction to
a mysterious and often hostile universe. For much of human prehistory, it
may have been a necessary evil -- but why was it so much more evil than
necessary -- and why did it survive when it was no longer necessary?
'I said evil -- and I mean it, because fear leads to cruelty. The
slightest knowledge of the Inquisition makes one ashamed to belong to the
human species... One of the most revolting books ever published was the
Hammer of Witches, written by a couple of sadistic perverts and describing
the tortures the Church authorized -- encouraged! -- to extract
"confessions" from thousands of harmless old women, before it burned them
alive... The Pope himself wrote an approving foreword!'
'But most of the other religions, with a few honourable exceptions,
were just as bad as Christianity... Even in your century, little boys were
kept chained and whipped until they'd memorized whole volumes of pious
gibberish, and robbed of their childhood and manhood to become monks...'
'Perhaps the most baffling aspect of the whole affair is how obvious
madmen, century after century, would proclaim that they -- and they alone!
-- had received messages from God. If all the messages had agreed, that
would have settled the matter. But of course they were wildly discordant --
which never prevented self-styled messiahs from gathering hundreds --
sometimes millions -- of adherents, who would fight to the death against
equally deluded believers of a microscopically differing faith.'
Poole thought it was about time he got a word in edgeways.
'You've reminded me of something that happened in my home-town when I
was a kid. A holy man -- quote, unquote -- set up shop, claimed he could
work miracles -- and collected a crowd of devotees in next to no time. And
they weren't ignorant or illiterate; often they came from the best families.
Every Sunday I used to see expensive cars parked round his -- ah -- temple.'
'The "Rasputin Syndrome", it's been called: there are millions of such
cases, all through history, in every country. And about one time in a
thousand the cult survives for a couple of generations. What happened in
'Well, the competition was very unhappy, and did its best to discredit
him. Wish I could remember his name -- he used a long Indian one -- Swami
something-or-other -- but it turned out he came from Alabama. One of his
tricks was to produce holy objects out of thin air, and hand them to his
worshippers. As it happened, our local rabbi was an amateur conjuror, and
gave public demonstrations showing exactly how it was done. Didn't make the
slightest difference -- the faithful said that their man's magic was real,
and the rabbi was just jealous.'
'At one time, I'm sorry to say, Mother took the rascal seriously -- it
was soon after Dad had run off, which may have had something to do with it
-- and dragged me to one of his sessions. I was only about ten, but I
thought I'd never seen anyone so unpleasant-looking. He had a beard that
could have held several birds' nests, and probably did.'
'He sounds like the standard model. How long did he flourish?'
'Three or four years. And then he had to leave town in a hurry: he was
caught running teenage orgies. Of course, he claimed he was using mystical
soul-saving techniques. And you won't believe this --,
'Even then, lots of his dupes still had faith in him. Their god could
do no wrong, so he must have been framed.'
'Sorry -- convicted by faked evidence -- sometimes used by the police
to catch criminals, when all else fails.'
'Hmm. Well, your swami was perfectly typical: I'm rather disappointed.
But he does help to prove my case --that most of humanity has always been
insane, at least some of the time.'
'Rather an unrepresentative sample -- one small Flagstaff suburb.'
'True, but I could multiply it by thousands -- not only in your
century, but all down the ages. There's never been anything, however absurd,
that countless people weren't prepared to believe, often so passionately
that they'd fight to the death rather than abandon their illusions. To me,
that's a good operational definition of insanity.'
'Would you argue that anyone with strong religious beliefs was insane?'
'In a strictly technical sense, yes -- if they really were sincere, and
not hypocrites. As I suspect ninety per cent were.'
'I'm certain that Rabbi Berenstein was sincere -- and he was one of the
sanest men I ever knew, as well as one of the finest. And how do you account
for this? The only real genius I ever met was Dr Chandra, who led the HAL
project. I once had to go into his office -- there was no reply when I
knocked, and I thought it was unoccupied.'
'He was praying to a group of fantastic little bronze statues, draped
with flowers. One of them looked like an elephant... another had more than
the regular number of arms... I was quite embarrassed, but luckily he didn't
hear me and I tiptoed out. Would you say he was insane?'
'You've chosen a bad example: genius often is! So let's say: not
insane, but mentally impaired, owing to childhood conditioning. The Jesuits
claimed: "Give me a boy for six years, and he is mine for life." If they'd
got hold of little Chandra in time, he'd have been a devout Catholic -- not
'Possibly. But I'm puzzled -- why were you so anxious to meet me? I'm
afraid I've never been a devout anything. What have I got to do with all
Slowly, and with the obvious enjoyment of a man unburdening himself of
a heavy, long-hoarded secret, Dr Khan told him.
Hello, Frank... So you've finally met Ted. Yes, you could call him a
crank -- if you define that as an enthusiast with no sense of humour. But
cranks often get that way because they know a Big Truth -- can, you hear my
-- and no one will listen... I'm glad you did -- and I suggest you take
him quite seriously.
You said you were surprised to see a Pope's portrait prominently
displayed in Ted's apartment. That would have been his hero, Pius XX -- I'm
sure I mentioned him to you. Look him up -- he's usually called the Impius!
It's a fascinating story, and exactly parallels something that happened just
before you were born. You must know how Mikhail Gorbachev, the President of
the Soviet Empire, brought about its dissolution at the end of the twentieth
century, by exposing its crimes and excesses.
He didn't intend to go that far -- he'd hoped to reform it, but that
was no longer possible. We'll never know if Pius XX had the same idea,
because he was assassinated by a demented cardinal soon after he'd horrified
the world by releasing the secret files of the Inquisition...
The religious were still shaken by the discovery of TMA ZERO only a few
decades earlier -- that had a great impact on Pius XX, and certainly
influenced his actions...
But you still haven't told me how Ted, that old cryptoDeist, thinks you
can help him in his search for God. I believe he's still mad at him for
hiding so successfully. Better not say I told you that.
On second thoughts, why not?
Love -- Indra.
Hello -- Indra -- I've had another session with Dr Ted, though I've
still not told him just why you think he's angry with God!
But I've had some very interesting arguments -- no, dialogues -- with
him, though he does most of the talking. Never thought I'd get into
philosophy again after all these years of engineering. Perhaps I had to go
through them first, to appreciate it. Wonder how he'd grade me as a student?
Yesterday I tried this line of approach, to see his reaction. Perhaps
it's original, though I doubt it. Thought you'd like to hear it -- will be
interested in your comments. Here's our discussion --MISS PRINGLE COPY AUDIO
'Surely, Ted, you can't deny that most of the greatest works of human
art have been inspired by religious devotion. Doesn't that prove something?'
'Yes -- but not in a way that will give much comfort to any believers!
From time to time, people amuse themselves making lists of the Biggests and
Greatests and Bests -- I'm sure that was a popular entertainment in your
'It certainly was.'
'Well, there have been some famous attempts to do this with the arts.
Of course such lists can't establish absolute -- eternal -- values, but
they're interesting and show how tastes change from age to age.'
'The last list I saw -- it was on the Earth Artnet only a few years ago
-- was divided into Architecture, Music, Visual Arts... I remember a few of
the examples... the Parthenon, the Taj Mahal... Bach's Toccata and Fugue was
first in music, followed by Verdi's Requiem Mass. In art -- the Mona Lisa,
of course. Then -- not sure of the order -- a group of Buddha statues
somewhere in Ceylon, and the golden death-mask of young King Tut.
'Even if I could remember all the others -- which of course I can't --
it doesn't matter: the important thing is their cultural and religious
backgrounds. Overall, no single religion dominated -- except in music. And
that could be due to a purely technological accident: the organ and the
other pre-electronic musical instruments were perfected in the Christianized
West. It could have worked out quite differently... if, for example, the
Greeks or the Chinese had regarded machines as something more than toys.
'But what really settles the argument, as far as I'm concerned, is the
general consensus about the single greatest work of human art. Over and over
again, in almost every listing -- it's Angkor Wat. Yet the religion that
inspired that has been extinct for centuries -- no one even knows precisely
what it was, except that it involved hundreds of gods, not merely one!'
'Wish I could have thrown that at dear old Rabbi Berenstein -- I'm sure
he'd have had a good answer.'
'I don't doubt it. I wish I could have met him myself. And I'm glad he
never lived to see what happened to Israel.'
There you have it, Indra. Wish the Grannymede had Angkor Wat on its
menu -- I've never seen it -- but you can't have everything...
Now, the question you really wanted answered... why is Dr Ted so
delighted that I'm here?
As you know, he's convinced that the key to many mysteries lies on
Europa -- where no one has been allowed to land for a thousand years.
He thinks I may be an exception. He believes I have a friend there. Yes
-- Dave Bowman, or whatever he's now become...
We know that he survived being drawn into the Big Brother Monolith --
and somehow revisited Earth afterwards. But there's more, that I didn't
know. Very few people do, because the Medes are embarrassed to talk about
Ted Khan has spent years collecting the evidence, and is now quite
certain of the facts -- even though he can't explain them. On at least six
occasions, about a century apart, reliable observers here in Anubis have
reported seeing an -- apparition -- just like the one that Heywood Floyd met
aboard Discovery. Though not one of them knew about that incident, they were
all able to identify Dave when they were shown his hologram. And there was
another sighting aboard a survey ship that made a close approach to Europa,
six hundred years ago...
Individually, no one would take these cases seriously -- but altogether
they make a pattern. Ted's quite sure that Dave Bowman survives in some
form, presumably associated with the Monolith we call the Great Wall. And he
still has some interest in our affairs.
Though he's made no attempt at communication, Ted hopes we can make
contact. He believes that I'm the only human who can do it...
I'm still trying to make up my mind. Tomorrow, I'll talk it over with
Captain Chandler. Will let you know what we decide. Love, Frank.
'Do you believe in ghosts, Dim?'
'Certainly not: but like every sensible man, I'm afraid of them. Why do
'If it wasn't a ghost, it was the most vivid dream I've ever had. Last
night I had a conversation with Dave Bowman.'
Poole knew that Captain Chandler would take him seriously, when the
occasion required; nor was he disappointed.
'Interesting -- but there's an obvious explanation. You've been living
here in the Bowman Suite, for Deus's sake! You told me yourself it feels
'I'm sure -- well, ninety-nine per cent sure -- that you're right, and
the whole thing was prompted by the discussions I've been having with Prof.
Ted. Have you heard the reports that Dave Bowman occasionally appears in
Anubis? About once every hundred years? Just as he did to Dr Floyd aboard
Discovery, after she'd been reactivated.'
'What happened there? I've heard vague stories, but never taken them
'Dr Khan does -- and so do I -- I've seen the original recordings.
Floyd's sitting in my old chair when a kind of dust-cloud forms behind him,
and shapes itself into Dave -- though only the head has detail. Then it
gives that famous message, warning him to leave.'
'Who wouldn't have? But that was a thousand years ago. Plenty of time
to fake it.'
'What would be the point? Khan and I were looking at it yesterday. I'd
bet my life it's authentic.'
'As a matter of fact, I agree with you. And I have heard those
Chandler's voice trailed away, and he looked slightly embarrassed.
'Long time ago, I had a girl-friend here in Anubis. She told me that
her grandfather had seen Bowman. I laughed.'
'I wonder if Ted has that sighting on his list. Could you put him in
touch with your friend?'
'Er -- rather not. We haven't spoken for years. For all I know, she may
be on the Moon, or Mars... Anyway, why is Professor Ted interested?'
'That's what I really wanted to discuss with you.'
'Sounds ominous. Go ahead,'
'Ted thinks that Dave Bowman -- or whatever he's become -- may still
exist -- up there on Europa.'
'After a thousand years?'
'Well -- look at me.'
'One sample is poor statistics, my maths prof. used to say. But go on.'
'It's a complicated story -- or maybe a jigsaw, with most of the pieces
missing. But it's generally agreed that something crucial happened to our
ancestors when that Monolith appeared in Africa, four million years ago. It
marks a turning point in prehistory -- the first appearance of tools -- and
weapons -- and religion... That can't be pure coincidence. The Monolith must
have done something to us -- surely it couldn't have just stood there,
passively accepting worship...'
'Ted's fond of quoting a famous palaeontologist who said "TMA ZERO gave
us an evolutionary kick in the pants". He argues that the kick wasn't in a
wholly desirable direction. Did we have to become so mean and nasty to
survive? Maybe we did... As I understand him, Ted believes that there's
something fundamentally wrong with the wiring of our brains, which makes us
incapable of consistent logical thinking. To make matters worse, though all
creatures need a certain amount of aggressiveness to survive, we seem to
have far more than is absolutely necessary. And no other animal tortures its
fellows as we do. Is this an evolutionary accident -- a piece of genetic bad
'It's also widely agreed that TMA ONE was planted on the Moon to keep
track of the project -- experiment -- whatever it was -- and to report to
Jupiter -- the obvious place for Solar System Mission Control. That's why
another Monolith -- Big Brother -- was waiting there. Had been waiting four
million years, when Discovery arrived. Agreed so far?'
'Yes; I've always thought that was the most plausible theory.'
'Now for the more speculative stuff. Bowman was apparently swallowed up
by Big Brother, yet something of his personality seems to have survived.
Twenty years after that encounter with Heywood Floyd in the second Jupiter
expedition, they had another contact aboard Universe, when Floyd joined it
for the 2061 rendezvous with Halley's Comet. At least, so he tells us in his
memoirs -- though he was well over a hundred when he dictated them.'
'Could have been senile.'
'Not according to all the contemporary accounts! Also -- perhaps even
more significant -- his grandson Chris had some equally weird experiences
when Galaxy made its forced landing on Europa. And, of course, that's where
the Monolith -- or a Monolith -- is, right now! Surrounded by Europans...'
'I'm beginning to see what Dr Ted's driving at. This is where we came
in -- the whole cycle's starting over again. The Europs are being groomed
'Exactly -- everything fits. Jupiter ignited to give them a sun, to
thaw out their frozen world. The warning to us to keep our distance --
presumably so that we wouldn't interfere with their development...'
'Where have I heard that idea before? Of course, Frank -- it goes back
a thousand years -- to your own time! "The Prime Directive"! We still get
lots of laughs from those old Star Trek programmes.'
'Did I ever tell you I once met some of the actors? They would have
been surprised to see me now... And I've always had two thoughts about that
non-interference policy. The Monolith certainly violated it with us, back
there in Africa. One might argue that did have disastrous results...'
'So better luck next time -- on Europa!' Poole laughed, without much
humour. 'Khan used those exact words.'
'And what does he think we should do about it? Above all -- where do
you come into the picture?'
'First of all, we must find what's really happening on Europa -- and
why. Merely observing it from space is not enough.'
'What else can we do? All the probes the Medes have sent there were
blown up, just before landing.'
'And ever since the mission to rescue Galaxy, crew-carrying ships have
been diverted by some field of force, which no one can figure out. Very
interesting: it proves that whatever is down there is protective, but not
malevolent. And -- this is the important point -- it must have some way of
scanning what's on the way. It can distinguish between robots and humans.'
'More than I can do, sometimes. Go on.'
'Well, Ted thinks there's one human being who might make it down to the
surface of Europa -- because his old friend is there, and may have some
influence with the 'powers-that-be.'
Captain Dimitri Chandler gave a long, low whistle.
'And you're willing to risk it?'
'Yes: what have I got to lose?'
'One valuable shuttle craft, if I know what you have in mind. Is that
why you've been learning to fly Falcon?'
'Well, now that you mention it... the idea had occurred to me.'
'I'll have to think it over -- I'll admit I'm intrigued, but there are
lots of problems.'
'Knowing you, I'm sure they won't stand in the way -- once you've
decided to help me.'
III THE WORLDS OF GALILEO
Dear Indra -- I'm not trying to be dramatic, but this may be my last
message from Ganymede. By the time you receive it, I will be on my way to
Though it's a sudden decision -- and no one is more surprised than I am
-- I've thought it over very carefully. As you'll have guessed, Ted Khan is
largely responsible... let him do the explaining, if I don't come back.
Please don't misunderstand me -- in no way do I regard this as a suicide
mission! But I'm ninety per cent convinced by Ted's arguments, and he's
aroused my curiosity so much that I'd never forgive myself if I turned down
this once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. Maybe I should say once in two
I'm flying Goliath's little one-person shuttle Falcon -- how I'd have
loved to demonstrate her to my old colleagues back at the Space
Administration! Judging by past records, the most likely outcome is that
I'll be diverted away from Europa before I can land. Even this will teach me
And if it -- presumably the local Monolith, the Great Wall -- decides
to treat me like the robot probes it's zapped in the past, I'll never know.
That's a risk I'm prepared to take.
Thank you for everything, and my very best to Joe. Love from Ganymede
-- and soon, I hope, from Europa.
MISS PRINGLE LIST PRIORITY MESSAGES FROM EARTH
'Europa's about four hundred thousand kay from Ganymede at the moment,'
Captain Chandler informed Poole.
'If you stepped on the gas -- thanks for teaching me that phrase! --
Falcon could get you there in an hour. But I wouldn't recommend it: our
mysterious friend might be alarmed by anyone coming in that fast.'
'Agreed and I want time to think. I'm going to take several hours, at
least. And I'm still hoping...' Poole's voice trailed off into silence.
'That I can make some sort of contact with Dave, or whatever it is,
before I attempt to land.'
'Yes, it's always rude to drop in uninvited -- even with people you
know, let alone perfect strangers like the Europs. Perhaps you should take
some gifts -- what did the old-time explorers use? I believe mirrors and
beads were once popular.'
Chandler's facetious tone did not disguise his real concern, both for
Poole and for the valuable piece of equipment he proposed to borrow -- and
for which the skipper of Goliath was ultimately responsible.
'I'm still trying to decide how we work this. If you come back a hero,
I want to bask in your reflected glory. But if you lose Falcon as well as
yourself, what shall I say? That you stole the shuttle while we weren't
looking? I'm afraid no one would buy that story. Ganymede Traffic Control's
very efficient -- has to be! If you left without advance notice, they'd be
on to you in a microsec -- well, a millisecond. No way you could leave
unless I file your flight-plan ahead of time.'
'So this is what I propose to do, unless I think of something better.'
'You're taking Falcon out for a final qualification test -- everyone
knows you've already soloed. You'll go into a two-thousand-kilometre-high
orbit above Europa -- nothing unusual about that -- people do it all the
time, and the local authorities don't seem to object.'
'Estimated total flight time five hours plus or minus ten minutes. If
you suddenly change your mind about coming home, no one can do anything
about it -- at least, no one on Ganymede. Of course, I'll make some
indignant noises, and say how astonished I am by such gross navigational
errors, etc., etc. Whatever will look best in the subsequent Court of
'Would it come to that? I don't want to do anything that will get you
'Don't worry -- it's time there was a little excitement round here. But
only you and I know about this plot; try not to mention it to the crew -- I
want them to have -- what was that other useful expression you taught me? --
'Thanks, Dim -- I really appreciate what you're doing. And I hope
you'll never have to regret hauling me aboard Goliath, out round Neptune.'
Poole found it hard to avoid arousing suspicion, by the way he behaved
towards his new crewmates as they prepared Falcon for what was supposed to
be a short, routine flight. Only he and Chandler knew that it might be
nothing of the kind.
Yet he was not heading into the totally unknown, as he and Dave Bowman
had done a thousand years ago. Stored in the shuttle's memory were
high-resolution maps of Europa showing details down to a few metres across.
He knew exactly where he wished to go; it only remained to see if he would
be allowed to break the centuries-long quarantine.
'Manual control, please.'
'Are you sure, Frank?'
'Quite sure, Falcon... Thank you.'
Illogical though it seemed, most of the human race had found it
impossible not to be polite to its artificial children, however
simple-minded they might be. Whole volumes of psychology, as well as popular
guides (How Not to Hurt Your Computer's Feelings; Artificial Intelligence --
Real irritation were two of the best-known titles) had been written on the
subject of Man-Machine etiquette. Long ago it had been decided that, however
inconsequential rudeness to robots might appear to be, it should be
discouraged. All too easily, it could spread to human relationships as well.
Falcon was now in orbit, just as her flight-plan had promised, at a
safe two thousand kilometres above Europa. The giant moon's crescent
dominated the sky ahead, and even the area not illuminated by Lucifer was so
brilliantly lit by the much more distant Sun that every detail was clearly
visible. Poole needed no optical aid to see his planned destination, on the
still-icy shore of the Sea of Galilee, not far from the skeleton of the
first spacecraft to land on this world. Though the Europans had long ago
removed all its metal components, the ill-fated Chinese ship still served as
a memorial to its crew; and it was appropriate that the only 'town' -- even
if an alien one -- on this whole world should have been named 'Tsienville'.
Poole had decided to come down over the Sea, and then fly very slowly
towards Tsienville -- hoping that this approach would appear friendly, or at
least non-aggressive. Though he admitted to himself that this was very
naïve, he could think of no better alternative.
Then, suddenly, just as he was dropping below the thousand-kilometre
level, there was an interruption -- not of the kind he had hoped for, but
one which he had been expecting.
'This is Ganymede Control calling Falcon. You have departed from your
flight-plan. Please advise immediately what is happening.'
It was hard to ignore such an urgent request, but in the circumstances
it seemed the best thing to do.
Exactly thirty seconds later, and a hundred kilometres closer to
Europa, Ganymede repeated its message. Once again Poole ignored it -- but
Falcon did not.
'Are you quite sure you want to do this, Frank?' asked the shuttle.
Though Poole knew perfectly well that he was imagining it, he would have
sworn there was a note of anxiety in its voice.
'Quite sure, Falcon. I know exactly what I'm doing.'
That was certainly untrue, and any moment now further lying might be
necessary, to a more sophisticated audience.
Seldom-activated indicator lights started to flash near the edge of the
control board. Poole smiled with satisfaction: everything was going
according to plan.
'This is Ganymede Control! Do you receive me, Falcon? You are operating
on manual override, so I am unable to assist you. What is happening? You are
still descending towards Europa. Please acknowledge immediately.'
Poole began to experience mild twinges of conscience. He thought he
recognized the Controller's voice, and was almost certain that it was a
charming lady he had met at a reception given by the Mayor, soon after his
arrival at Anubis. She sounded genuinely alarmed.
Suddenly, he knew how to relieve her anxiety -- as well as to attempt
something which he had previously dismissed as altogether too absurd.
Perhaps, after all, it was worth a try: it certainly wouldn't do any harm --
and it might even work.
'This is Frank Poole, calling from Falcon. I am perfectly OK -- but
something seems to have taken over the controls, and is bringing the shuttle
down towards Europa. I hope you are receiving this -- I will continue to
report as long as possible.'
Well, he hadn't actually lied to the worried Controller, and one day he
hoped he would be able to face her with a clear conscience.
He continued to talk, trying to sound as if he was completely sincere,
instead of skirting the edge of truth.
'This is Frank Poole aboard the shuttle Falcon, descending towards
Europa. I assume that some outside force has taken charge of my spacecraft,
and will be landing it safely.'
'Dave -- this is your old shipmate Frank. Are you the entity that is
controlling me? I have reason to think that you are on Europa.
'If so -- I look forward to meeting you -- wherever or whatever you
Not for a moment did he imagine there would be any reply: even Ganymede
Control appeared to be shocked into silence.
And yet, in a way, he had an answer. Falcon was still being permitted
to descend towards the Sea of Galilee.
Europa was only fifty kilometres below; with his naked eyes Poole could
now see the narrow black bar where the greatest of the Monoliths stood guard
-- if indeed it was doing that -- on the outskirts of Tsienville.
No human being had been allowed to come so close for a thousand years.
25 Fire in the Deep
For millions of years it had been an ocean world, its hidden waters
protected from the vacuum of space by a crust of ice. In most places the ice
was kilometres thick, but there were lines of weakness where it had cracked
open and torn apart. Then there had been a brief battle between two
implacably hostile elements that came into direct contact on no other world
in the Solar System, The war between Sea and Space always ended in the same
stalemate; the exposed water simultaneously boiled and froze, repairing the
armour of ice.
The seas of Europa would have frozen completely solid long ago without
the influence of nearby Jupiter. Its gravity continually kneaded the core of
the little world; the forces that convulsed Io were also working there,
though with much less ferocity. Everywhere in the deep was evidence of that
tug-of-war between planet and satellite, in the continual roar and thunder
of submarine earthquakes, the shriek of gases escaping from the interior,
the infrasonic pressure waves of avalanches sweeping over the abyssal
plains. By comparison with the tumultuous ocean that covered Europa, even
the noisy seas of Earth were muted.
Here and there, scattered over the deserts of the deep, were oases that
would have amazed and delighted any terrestrial biologist. They extended for
several kilometres around tangled masses of pipes and chimneys deposited by
mineral brines gushing from the interior. Often they created natural
parodies of Gothic castles, from which black, scalding liquids pulsed in a
slow rhythm, as if driven by the beating of some mighty heart. And like
blood, they were the authentic sign of life itself.
The boiling fluids drove back the deadly cold leaking down from above,
and formed islands of warmth on the sea-bed. Equally important, they brought
from Europa's interior all the chemicals of life. Such fertile oases,
offering food and energy in abundance, had been discovered by the
twentieth-century explorers of Earth's oceans. Here they were present on an
immensely larger scale, and in far greater variety.
Delicate, spidery structures that seemed to be the analogue of plants
flourished in the 'tropical' zones closest to the sources of heat. Crawling
among these were bizarre slugs and worms, some feeding on the plants, others
obtaining their food directly from the mineral-laden waters around them. At
greater distances from the submarine fires around which all these creatures
warmed themselves lived sturdier, more robust organisms, not unlike crabs or
Armies of biologists could have spent lifetimes studying one small
oasis. Unlike the Palaeozoic terrestrial seas, the Europan abyss was not a
stable environment, so evolution had progressed with astonishing speed,
producing multitudes of fantastic forms. And all were under the same
indefinite stay of execution; sooner or later, each fountain of life would
weaken and die, as the forces that powered it moved their focus elsewhere.
All across the Europan sea-bed was evidence of such tragedies; countless
circular areas were littered with the skeletons and mineral-encrusted
remains of dead creatures, where entire chapters of evolution had been
deleted from the book of life. Some had left as their only memorial huge,
empty shells like convoluted trumpets, larger than a man. And there were
clams of many shapes -- bivalves, and even trivalves, as well as spiral
stone patterns, many metres across -- exactly like the beautiful ammonites
that disappeared so mysteriously from Earth's oceans at the end of the
Among the greatest wonders of the Europan abyss were rivers of
incandescent lava, pouring from the calderas of submarine volcanoes. The
pressure at these depths was so great that the water in contact with the
red-hot magma could not flash into steam, so the two liquids co-existed in
an uneasy truce.
There, on another world and with alien actors, something like the story
of Egypt had been played out long before the coming of Man. As the Nile had
brought life to a narrow ribbon of desert, so this river of warmth had
vivified the Europan deep. Along its banks, in a band never more than a few
kilometres wide, species after species had evolved and flourished and passed
away. And some had left permanent monuments.
Often, they were not easy to distinguish from the natural formations
around the thermal vents, and even when they were clearly not due to pure
chemistry, one would be hard put to decide whether they were the product of
instinct or intelligence. On Earth, the termites reared condominiums almost
as impressive as any found in the single vast ocean that enveloped this
Along the narrow band of fertility in the deserts of the deep, whole
cultures and even civilizations might have risen and fallen, armies might
have marched -- or swum -- under the command of Europan Tamberlanes or
Napoleons. And the rest of their world would never have known, for all their
oases were as isolated from one another as the planets themselves, The
creatures who basked in the glow of the lava rivers, and fed around the hot
vents, could not cross the hostile wilderness between their lonely islands.
If they had ever produced historians and philosophers, each culture would
have been convinced that it was alone in the Universe.
Yet even the space between the oases was not altogether empty of life;
there were hardier creatures who had dared its rigours. Some were the
Europan analogues of fish -- streamlined torpedoes, propelled by vertical
tails, steered by fins along their bodies. The resemblance to the most
successful dwellers in Earth's oceans was inevitable; given the same
engineering problems, evolution must produce very similar answers. Witness
the dolphin and the shark -- superficially almost identical, yet from far
distant branches of the tree of life.
There was, however, one very obvious difference between the fish of the
Europan seas and those in terrestrial oceans; they had no gills, for there
was hardly a trace of oxygen to be extracted from the waters in which they
swam. Like the creatures around Earth's own geothermal vents, their
metabolism was based on sulphur compounds, present in abundance in this
And very few had eyes. Apart from the flickering glow of lava
outpourings, and occasional bursts of bioluminescence from creatures seeking
mates, or hunters questing prey, it was a lightless world.
It was also a doomed one. Not only were its energy sources sporadic and
constantly shifting, but the tidal forces that drove them were steadily
weakening. Even if they developed true intelligence, the Europans were
trapped between fire and ice.
Barring a miracle, they would perish with the final freezing of their
Lucifer had wrought that miracle.
In the final moments, as he came in over the coast at a sedate hundred
kilometres an hour, Poole wondered if there might be some last-minute
intervention. But nothing untoward happened, even when he moved slowly along
the black, forbidding face of the Great Wall.
It was the inevitable name for the Europa Monolith as, unlike its
little brothers on Earth and Moon, it was lying horizontally, and was more
than twenty kilometres long. Although it was literally billions of times
greater in volume than TMA ZERO and TMA ONE, its proportions were exactly
the same -- that intriguing ratio 1:4:9, inspirer of so much numerological
nonsense over the centuries.
As the vertical face was almost ten kilometres high, one plausible
theory maintained that among its other functions the Great Wall served as a
wind-break, protecting Tsienville from the ferocious gales that occasionally
roared in from the Sea of Galilee. They were much less frequent now that the
climate had stabilized, but a thousand years earlier they would have been a
severe discouragement to any life-forms emerging from the ocean.
Though he had fully intended to do so, Poole had never found time to
visit the Tycho Monolith -- still Top Secret when he had left for Jupiter --
and Earth's gravity made its twin at Olduvai inaccessible to him. But he had
seen their images so often that they were much more familiar than the
proverbial back of the hand (and how many people, he had often wondered,
would recognize the backs of their hands?). Apart from the enormous
difference in scale, there was absolutely no way of distinguishing the Great
Wall from TMA ONE and TMA ZERO -- or, for that matter, the 'Big Brother'
Monolith that Discovery and the Leonov had encountered orbiting Jupiter.
According to some theories, perhaps crazy enough to be true, there was
only one archetypal Monolith, and all the others -- whatever their size --
were merely projections or images of it. Poole recalled these ideas when he
noticed the spotless, unsullied smoothness of the Great Wall's towering ebon
face. Surely, after so many centuries in such a hostile environment, it
should have collected a few patches of grime! Yet it looked as immaculate as
if an army of window-cleaners had just polished every square centimetre.
Then he recalled that although everyone who had ever come to view TMA
ONE and TMA ZERO felt an irresistible urge to touch their apparently
pristine surfaces, no one had ever succeeded. Fingers -- diamond drills --
laser knives -- all skittered across the Monoliths as if they were coated by
an impenetrable film. Or as if -- and this was another popular theory --
they were not quite in this universe, but somehow separated from it by an
utterly impassable fraction of a millimetre.
He made one complete, leisurely circuit of the Great Wall, which
remained totally indifferent to his progress. Then he brought the shuttle --
still on manual, in case Ganymede Control made any further attempts to
'rescue' him -- to the outer limits of Tsienville, and hovered there looking
for the best place to land.
The scene through Falcon's small panoramic window was wholly familiar
to him; he had examined it so often in Ganymede recordings, never imagining
that one day he would be observing it in reality. The Europs, it seemed, had
no idea of town planning; hundreds of hemispherical structures were
scattered apparently at random over an area about a kilometre across. Some
were so small that even human children would feel cramped in them; though
others were big enough to hold a large family, none was more than five
And they were all made from the same material, which gleamed a ghostly
white in the double daylight. On Earth, the Esquimaux had found the
identical answer to the challenge of their own frigid, materials-poor
environment; Tsienville's igloos were also made of ice.
In lieu of streets, there were canals -- as best suited creatures who
were still amphibious, and apparently returned to the water to sleep. Also,
it was believed, to feed and to mate, though neither hypothesis had been
Tsienville had been called 'Venice, made of ice', and Poole had to
agree that it was an apt description. However, there were no Venetians in
sight; the place looked as if it had been deserted for years.
And here was another mystery; despite the fact that Lucifer was fifty
times brighter than the distant Sun, and was a permanent fixture in the sky,
the Europs still seemed locked to an ancient rhythm of night and day. They
returned to the ocean at sunset, and emerged with the rising of the Sun --
despite the fact that the level of illumination had changed by only a few
per cent. Perhaps there was a parallel on Earth, where the life cycles of
many creatures were controlled as much by the feeble Moon as the far more
It would be sunrise in another hour, and then the inhabitants of
Tsienville would return to land and go about their leisurely affairs -- as
by human standards, they certainly were. The sulphur-based biochemistry that
powered the Europs was not as efficient as the oxygen-driven one that
energized the vast majority of terrestrial animals. Even a sloth could
outrun a Europ, so it was difficult to regard them as potentially dangerous.
That was the Good News; the Bad News was that even with the best intentions
on both sides, attempts at communication would be extremely slow -- perhaps
It was about time, Poole decided, that he reported back to Ganymede
Control. They must be getting very anxious, and he wondered how his
co-conspirator, Captain Chandler, was dealing with the situation.
'Falcon calling Ganymede. As you can doubtless see, I have -- er --
been brought to rest just above Tsienville. There is no sign of hostility,
and as it's still solar night here all the Europs are underwater. Will call
you again as soon as I'm on the ground.'
Dim would have been proud of him, Poole thought, as he brought Falcon
down gently as a snowflake on a smooth patch of ice. He was taking no
chances with its stability, and set the inertial drive to cancel all but a
fraction of the shuttle's weight -- just enough, he hoped, to prevent it
being blown away by any wind.
He was on Europa -- the first human in a thousand years. Had Armstrong
and Aldrin felt this sense of elation, when Eagle touched down on the Moon?
Probably they were too busy checking their Lunar Module's primitive and
totally unintelligent systems. Falcon, of course, was doing all this
automatically. The little cabin was now very quiet, apart from the
inevitable -- and reassuring -- murmur of well-tempered electronics. It gave
Poole a considerable shock when Chandler's voice, obviously pre-recorded,
interrupted his thoughts.
'So you made it! Congratulations! As you know, we're scheduled to
return to the Belt week after next, but that should give you plenty of
'After five days, Falcon knows what to do. She'll find her way home,
with or without you. So good luck!'
Hello, Dim -- thanks for that cheerful message! I feel rather silly
using this program -- as if I'm a secret agent in one of the spy melodramas
that used to be so popular before I was born. Still, it will allow some
privacy, which may be useful. Hope Miss Pringle has downloaded it
properly... of course, Miss P, I'm only joking!
By the way, I'm getting a barrage of requests from all the news media
in the Solar System. Please try to hold them off -- or divert them to Dr
Ted. He'll enjoy handling them...
Since Ganymede has me on camera all the time, I won't waste breath
telling you what I'm seeing. If all goes well, we should have some action in
a few minutes -- and we'll know if it really was a good idea to let the
Europs find me already sitting here peacefully, waiting to greet them when
they come to the surface...
Whatever happens, it won't be as big a surprise to me as it was to Dr
Chang and his colleagues, when they landed here a thousand years ago! I
played his famous last message again, just before leaving Ganymede. I must
confess it gave me an eerie feeling -- couldn't help wondering if something
like that could possibly happen again... wouldn't like to immortalize myself
the way poor Chang did...
Of course, I can always lift off if something starts going wrong... and
here's an interesting thought that's just occurred to me... I wonder if the
Europs have any history -- any kind of records... any memory of what
happened just a few kilometres from here, a thousand years ago?
27 Ice and Vacuum
...This is Dr Chang, calling from Europa. I hope you cart hear me,
especially Dr Floyd -- I know you're aboard Leonov... I may not have much
time... aiming my suit antenna where I think you are... please relay this
information to Earth.
Tsien was destroyed three hours ago. I'm the only survivor. Using my
suit radio -- no idea if it has enough range, but it's the only chance.
Please listen carefully...
THERE IS LIFE ON EUROPA. I repeat: THERE IS LIFE ON EUROPA...
We landed safely, checked all the systems, and ran out the hoses so we
could start pumping water into our propellant tanks immediately... just in
case we had to leave in a hurry.
Everything was going according to plan... it seemed almost too good to
be true. The tanks were half full when Dr Lee and I went out to check the
pipe insulation. Tsien stands -- stood -- about thirty metres from the edge
of the Grand Canal. Pipes went directly from it and down through the ice.
Very thin -- not safe to walk on.
Jupiter was quarter full, and we had five kilowatts of lighting strung
up on the ship. She looked like a Christmas tree -- beautiful, reflected on
Lee saw it first -- a huge dark mass rising up from the depths. At
first we thought it was a school of fish -- too large for a single organism
-- then it started to break through the ice, and began moving towards us.
It looked rather like huge strands of wet seaweed, crawling along the
ground. Lee ran back to the ship to get a camera -- I stayed to watch,
reporting over the radio. The thing moved so slowly I could easily outrun
it. I was much more excited than alarmed. Thought I knew what kind of
creature it was -- I've seen pictures of the kelp forests off California --
but I was quite wrong.
I could tell it was in trouble. It couldn't possibly survive at a
temperature a hundred and fifty below its normal environment. It was
freezing solid as it moved forward --bits were breaking off like glass --
but it was still advancing towards the ship, a black tidal wave, slowing
down all the time.
I was still so surprised that I couldn't think straight and I couldn't
imagine what it was trying to do. Even though it was heading towards Tsien
it still seemed completely harmless, like -- well, a small forest on the
move. I remember smiling -- it reminded me of Macbeth's Birnam Wood...
Then I suddenly realized the danger. Even if it was completely
inoffensive -- it was heavy -- with all the ice it was carrying, it must
have weighed several tons, even in this low gravity.
And it was slowly, painfully climbing up our landing gear... the legs
were beginning to buckle, all in slow motion, like something in a dream --
or a nightmare...
Not until the ship started to topple did I realize what the thing was
trying to do -- and then it was far too late. We could have saved ourselves
-- if we'd only switched off our lights!
Perhaps it's a phototrope, its biological cycle triggered by the
sunlight that filters down through the ice. Or it could have been attracted
like a moth to a candle. Our floodlights must have been more brilliant than
anything that Europa has ever known, even the Sun itself...
Then the ship crashed. I saw the hull split, a cloud of snowflakes form
as moisture condensed. All the lights went out, except for one, swinging
back and forth on a cable a couple of metres above the ground.
I don't know what happened immediately after that. The next thing I
remember, I was standing under the light, beside the wreck of the ship, with
a fine powdering of fresh snow all around me. I could see my footsteps in it
very clearly. I must have run there; perhaps only a minute or two had
The plant -- I still thought of it as a plant -- was motionless. I
wondered if it had been damaged by the impact; large sections -- as thick as
a man's arms -- had splintered off, like broken twigs.
Then the main trunk started to move again. It pulled away from the
hull, and began to crawl towards me. That was when I knew for certain that
the thing was light-sensitive: I was standing immediately under the
thousand-watt lamp, which had stopped swinging now.
Imagine an oak tree -- better still, a banyan with its multiple trunks
and roots -- flattened out by gravity and trying to creep along the ground.
It got to within five metres of the light, then started to spread out until
it had made a perfect circle around me. Presumably that was the limit of its
tolerance -- the point at which photo-attraction turned to repulsion.
After that, nothing happened for several minutes, I wondered if it was
dead -- frozen solid at last.
Then I saw that large buds were forming on many of the branches. It was
like watching a time-lapse film of flowers opening. In fact I thought they
were flowers -- each about as big as a man's head.
Delicate, beautifully coloured membranes started to unfold. Even then,
it occurred to me that no one -- no thing -- could ever have seen these
colours properly, until we brought our lights -- our fatal lights -- to this
Tendrils, stamens, waving feebly... I walked over to the living wall
that surrounded me, so that I could see exactly what was happening. Neither
then, or at any other time, had I felt the slightest fear of the creature. I
was certain that it was not malevolent -- if indeed it was conscious at all.
There were scores of the big flowers, in various stages of unfolding.
Now they reminded me of butterflies, just emerging from the chrysalis --
wings crumpled, still feeble -- I was getting closer and closer to the
But they were freezing -- dying as quickly as they formed. Then, one
after another, they dropped off from the parent buds. For a few moments they
flopped around like fish stranded on dry land -- and at last I realized
exactly what they were. Those membranes weren't petals -- they were fins, or
their equivalent. This was the free-swimming larval stage of the creature.
Probably it spends much of its life rooted on the sea-bed, then sends these
mobile offspring in search of new territory. Just like the corals of Earth's
I knelt down to get a closer look at one of the little creatures. The
beautiful colours were fading now, to a drab brown. Some of the petal-fins
had snapped off, becoming brittle shards as they froze. But it was still
moving feebly, and as I approached it tried to avoid me. I wondered how it
sensed my presence.
Then I noticed that the stamens -- as I'd called them --all carried
bright blue dots at their tips. They looked like tiny star sapphires -- or
the blue eyes along the mantle of a scallop -- aware of light, but unable to
form true images. As I watched, the vivid blue faded, the gems became dull,
Dr Floyd -- or anyone else who is listening -- I haven't much more
time; my life-support system alarm has just sounded. But I've almost
I knew then what I had to do. The cable to that thousand-watt lamp was
hanging almost to the ground. I gave it a few tugs, and the light went out
in a shower of sparks.
I wondered whether it was too late. For a few minutes nothing happened.
So I walked over to the wall of tangled branches around me -- and kicked it.
Slowly, the creature started to unweave itself, and to retreat back to
the Canal. I followed it all the way back to the water, encouraging it with
more kicks when it slowed down, feeling the fragments of ice crunching all
the time beneath my boots... As it neared the Canal, it seemed to gain
strength and energy, as if it knew it was approaching its natural home. I
wondered if it would survive, to bud again.
It disappeared through the surface, leaving a few last dead larvae on
the alien land. The exposed free water bubbled for a few minutes until a
scab of protective ice sealed it from the vacuum above. Then I walked back
to the ship to see if there was anything to salvage -- I don't want to talk
I've only two requests to make, Doctor. When the taxonomists classify
this creature , I hope they'll name it after me.
And -- when the next ship comes home -- ask them to take our bones back
I'll lose power in a few minutes -- wish I knew whether anyone was
receiving me. Anyway, I'll repeat this message as long as I can...
This is Professor Chang on Europa, reporting the destruction of the
spaceship Tsien. We landed beside the Grand Canal and set up our pumps at
the edge of the ice --
28 The Little Dawn
Here comes the Sun! Strange -- how quickly it seems to rise, on this
slowly turning world! Of course, of course -- the disc's so small that the
whole of it pops above the horizon in no time... Not that it makes much
difference to the light -- if you weren't looking in that direction, you'd
never notice that there was another sun in the sky.
But I hope the Europs have noticed. Usually it takes them less than
five minutes to start coming ashore after the Little Dawn. Wonder if they
already know I'm here, and are scared...
No -- could be the other way round. Perhaps they're inquisitive -- even
anxious to see what strange visitor has come to Tsienville... I rather hope
Here they come! Hope your spysats are watching -- Falcon's cameras
How slowly they move! I'm afraid it's going to be very boring trying to
communicate with them... even if they want to talk to me...
Rather like the thing that overturned Tsien, but much smaller... They
remind me of little trees, walking on half a dozen slender trunks. And with
hundreds of branches, dividing into twigs, which divide again... and again.
Just like many of our general-purpose robots... what a long time it took us
to realize that imitation humanoids were ridiculously clumsy, and the proper
way to go was with myriad of small manipulators! Whenever we invent
something clever, we find that Mother Nature's already thought of it...
Aren't the little ones cute -- like tiny bushes on the move. Wonder how
they reproduce -- budding? I hadn't realized how beautiful they are. Almost
as colourful as coral reef fish -- maybe for the same reasons... to attract
mates, or fool predators by pretending to be something else...
Did I say they looked like bushes? Make that rose-bushes -- they've
actually got thorns! Must have a good reason for them...
I'm disappointed. They don't seem to have noticed me. They'll all
heading into town, as if a visiting spacecraft was an everyday occurrence...
only a few left... maybe this will work...
I suppose they can detect sound vibrations -- most marine creatures can
-- though this atmosphere may be too thin to carry my voice very far...
FALCON -- EXTERNAL SPEAKER...
IV THE KINGDOM OF SULPHUR
PEACE FOR ALL MANKIND...
Makes me feel rather stupid, but can you suggest anything better? And
it will be good for the record...
Nobody's taking the slightest notice. Big ones and little ones, they re
all creeping towards their igloos Wonder what they actually do when they get
there -- perhaps I should follow. I'm sure it would be perfectly safe -- I
can move so much faster -- I've just had an amusing flashback. All these
creatures going in the same direction -- they look like the commuters who
used to surge back and forth twice a day between home and office, before
electronics made it unnecessary. Let's try again, before they all disappear.
HELLO, CAN YOU HEAR ME? MY NAME IS FRANK POOLE... AHEM... I COME IN
HELLO THERE THIS IS FRANK POOLE, A VISITOR FROM PLANET EARTH. CAN YOU
29 The Ghosts in the Machine
Frank Poole's immediate reaction was one of utter astonishment,
followed by overwhelming joy. He had never really believed that he would
make any kind of contact, either with the Europs or the Monolith. Indeed, he
had even had fantasies of kicking in frustration against that towering ebon
wall and shouting angrily, 'Is there anybody home?'
Yet he should not have been so amazed: some intelligence must have
monitored his approach from Ganymede, and permitted him to land. He should
have taken Ted Khan more seriously.
'Dave,' he said slowly, 'is that really you?'
Who else could it be? a part of his mind asked. Yet it was not a
foolish question. There was something curiously mechanical -- impersonal
about the voice that came from the small speaker on Falcon's control board.
There was a very brief pause: then the same voice continued, without
any change of intonation:
I HEAR YOU, FRANK. THIS IS DAVE.
Well -- Indra, Dim -- I'm glad I recorded all that, otherwise you'd
never believe me...
I guess I'm still in a state of shock. First of all, how should I feel
about someone who tried to -- who did -- kill me -- even if it was a
thousand years ago! But I understand now that Hal wasn't to blame; nobody
was. There's a very good piece of advice I've often found useful 'Never
attribute to malevolence what is merely due to incompetence' I can't feel
any anger towards a bunch of programmers I never knew, who've been dead for
I'm glad this is encrypted, as I don't know how it should be handled,
and a lot that I tell you may turn out to be complete nonsense. I'm already
suffering from information overload, and had to ask Dave to leave me for a
while -- after all the trouble I've gone through to meet him! But I don't
think I hurt his feelings: I m not sure yet if he has any feelings...
What is he -- good question! Well, he really is Dave Bowman, but with
most of the humanity stripped away -- like -- ah -- like the synopsis of a
book or a technical paper. You know how an abstract can give all the basic
information but no hint of the author's personality? Yet there were moments
when I felt that something of the old Dave was still there. I wouldn't go so
far as to say he's pleased to meet me again -- moderately satisfied might be
more like it... For myself, I'm still very confused. Like meeting an old
friend after a long separation, and finding that they're now a different
person. Well, it has been a thousand years -- and I can't imagine what
experiences he's known, though as I'll show you presently, he's tried to
share some of them with me.
And Hal -- he's here too, without question. Most of the time, there's
no way I can tell which of them is speaking to me. Aren't there examples of
multiple personalities in the medical records? Maybe it's something like
I asked him how this had happened to them both, and he -- they --
dammit, Halman! -- tried to explain. Let me repeat -- I may have got it
partly wrong, but it's the only working hypothesis I have.
Of course, the Monolith -- in its various manifestations -- is the key
-- no, that's the wrong word -- didn't someone once say it was a kind of
cosmic Swiss Army knife? You still have them, I've noticed, though both
Switzerland and its army disappeared centuries ago. It's a general-purpose
device that can do anything it wants to. Or was programmed to do...
Back in Africa, four million years ago, it gave us that evolutionary
kick in the pants, for better or for worse. Then its sibling on the Moon
waited for us to climb out of the cradle. That we've already guessed, and
Dave's confirmed it.
I said that he doesn't have many human feelings, but he still has
curiosity -- he wants to learn. And what an opportunity he's had!
When the Jupiter Monolith absorbed him -- can't think of a better word
-- it got more than it bargained for. Though it used him -- apparently as a
captured specimen, and a probe to investigate Earth -- he's also been using
it. With Hal's assistance -- and who should understand a super-computer
better than another one? -- he's been exploring its memory, and trying to
find its purpose.
Now, this is something that's very hard to believe. The Monolith is a
fantastically powerful machine -- look what it did to Jupiter! -- but it's
no more than that. It's running on automatic -- it has no consciousness. I
remember once thinking that I might have to kick the Great Wall and shout
'Is there anyone there?' And the correct answer would have to be -- no one,
except Dave and Hal...
Worse still, some of its systems may have started to fail; Dave even
suggests that, in a fundamental way, it's become stupid! Perhaps it's been
left on its own for too long -- it's time for a service check.
And he believes the Monolith has made at least one misjudgement.
Perhaps that's not the right word -- it may have been deliberate, carefully
In any event, it's -- well, truly awesome, and terrifying in its
implications. Luckily, I can show it to you, so you can decide for
yourselves. Yes, even though it happened a thousand years ago, when Leonov
flew the second mission to Jupiter! And all this time, no one has ever
I'm certainly glad you got me fitted with the Braincap. Of course it's
been invaluable -- I can't imagine life without it -- but now it's doing a
job it was never designed for. And doing it remarkably well.
It took Halman about ten minutes to find how it worked, and to set up
an interface. Now we have mind-to-mind contact -- which is quite a strain on
me, I can tell you. I have to keep asking them to slow down, and use
baby-talk. Or should I say baby-think...
I'm not sure how well this will come through. It's a thousand-year-old
recording of Dave's own experience, somehow stored in the Monolith's
enormous memory, then retrieved by Dave and injected into my Braincap --
don't ask me exactly how -- and finally transferred and beamed to you by
Ganymede Central. Phew. Hope you don't get a headache downloading it.
Over to Dave Bowman at Jupiter, early twenty-first century...
The million-kilometre-long tendrils of magnetic force, the sudden
explosion of radio waves, the geysers of electrified plasma wider than the
planet Earth -- they were as real and clearly visible to him as the clouds
banding the planet in multi-hued glory. He could understand the complex
pattern of their interactions, and realized that Jupiter was much more
wonderful than anyone had ever guessed.
Even as he fell through the roaring heart of the Great Red Spot, with
the lightning of its continent-wide thunderstorms detonating under him, he
knew why it had persisted for centuries though it was made of gases far less
substantial than those that formed the hurricanes of Earth. The thin scream
of hydrogen wind faded as he sank into the calmer depths, and a sheet of
waxen snowflakes -- some already coalescing into barely palpable mountains
of hydrocarbon foam -- descended from the heights above. It was already warm
enough for liquid water to exist, but there were no oceans there; this
purely gaseous environment was too tenuous to support them.
He descended through layer after layer of cloud, until he entered a
region of such clarity that even human vision could have scanned an area
more than a thousand kilometres across. It was only a minor eddy in the
vaster gyre of the Great Red Spot; and it held a secret that men had long
guessed, but never proved. Skirting the foothills of the drifting foam
mountains were myriad of small, sharply defined clouds, all about the same
size and patterned with similar red and brown mottling. They were small only
as compared with the inhuman scale of their surroundings; the very least
would have covered a fair-sized city.
They were clearly alive, for they were moving with slow deliberation
along the flanks of the aerial mountains, browsing off their slopes like
colossal sheep. And they were calling to each other in the metre band, their
radio voices faint but clear against the cracklings and concussions of
Nothing less than living gasbags, they floated in the narrow zone
between freezing heights and scorching depths. Narrow, yes -- but a domain
far larger than all the biosphere of Earth.
They were not alone. Moving swiftly among them were other creatures so
small that they could easily have been overlooked. Some of them bore an
almost uncanny resemblance to terrestrial aircraft, and were of about the
same size. But they too were alive -- perhaps predators, perhaps parasites,
perhaps even herdsmen.
A whole new chapter of evolution, as alien as that which he had
glimpsed on Europa, was opening before him. There were jet-propelled
torpedoes like the squids of the terrestrial oceans, hunting and devouring
the huge gas-bags. But the balloons were not defenceless; some of them
fought back with electric thunderbolts and with clawed tentacles like
There were even stranger shapes, exploiting almost every possibility of
geometry -- bizarre, translucent kites, tetrahedra, spheres, polyhedra,
tangles of twisted ribbons... The gigantic plankton of the Jovian
atmosphere, they were designed to float like gossamer in the uprising
currents, until they had lived long enough to reproduce; then they would be
swept down into the depths to be carbonized and recycled in a new
He was searching a world more than a hundred times the area of Earth,
and though he saw many wonders, nothing there hinted of intelligence. The
radio voices of the great balloons carried only simple messages of warning
or of fear. Even the hunters, who might have been expected to develop higher
degrees of organization, were like the sharks in Earth's oceans -- mindless
And for all its breathtaking size and novelty, the biosphere of Jupiter
was a fragile world, a place of mists and foam, of delicate silken threads
and paper-thin tissues spun from the continual snowfall of petrochemicals
formed by lightning in the upper atmosphere. Few of its constructs were more
substantial than soap bubbles; its most awesome predators could be torn to
shreds by even the feeblest of terrestrial carnivores.
Like Europa, but on a vastly grander scale, Jupiter was an evolutionary
cul-de-sac. Intelligence would never emerge here; even if it did, it would
be doomed to a stunted existence. A purely aerial culture might develop, but
in an environment where fire was impossible, and solids scarcely existed, it
could never even reach the Stone Age.
Well, Indra -- Dim -- I hope that came through in good shape -- I still
find it hard to believe. All those fantastic creatures -- surely we should
have detected their radio voices, even if we couldn't understand them! --
wiped out in a moment, so that Jupiter could be made into a sun.
And now we can understand why. It was to give the Europs their chance.
What pitiless logic: is intelligence the only thing that matters? I can see
some long arguments with Ted Khan over this -- The next question is: will
the Europs make the grade -- or will they remain forever stuck in the
kindergarten -- not even that -- the nursery? Though a thousand years is a
very short time, one would have expected some progress, but according to
Dave they're exactly the same now as when they left the sea. Perhaps that's
the trouble; they still have one foot -- or one twig! -- in the water.
And here's another thing we got completely wrong. We thought they went
back into the water to sleep. It's just the other way round -- they go back
to eat, and sleep when they come on land! As we might have guessed from
their structure -- that network of branches -- they're plankton feeders...
I asked Dave about the igloos they've built. Aren't they a
technological advance? And he said: not really -- they're only adaptations
of structures they make on the sea-bed, to protect themselves from various
predators -- especially something like a flying carpet, as big as a football
There's one area, though, where they have shown initiative -- even
creativity. They're fascinated by metals, presumably because they don't
exist in pure form in the ocean. That's why Tsien was stripped -- the same
thing's happened to the occasional probes that have come down in their
territory. What do they do with the copper and beryllium and titanium they
collect? Nothing useful, I'm afraid. They pile it all together in one place,
in a fantastic heap that they keep reassembling. They could be developing an
aesthetic sense -- I've seen worse in the Museum of Modem Art... But I've
got another theory -- did you ever hear of cargo cults? During the twentieth
century, some of the few primitive tribes that still existed made imitation
aeroplanes out of bamboo, in the hope of attracting the big birds in the sky
that occasionally brought them wonderful gifts. Perhaps the Europs have the
Now that question you keep asking me... What is Dave? And how did he --
and Hal -- become whatever it is they are now?
The quick answer, of course, is that they're both emulations --
simulations -- in the Monolith's gigantic memory. Most of the time they're
inactivated; when I asked Dave about this, he said he'd been 'awake' -- his
actual word --for only fifty years altogether, in the thousand since his --
er -- metamorphosis.
When I asked if he resented this takeover of his life, he said, 'Why
should I resent it? I am performing my functions perfectly.' Yes, that
sounds exactly like Hal! But I believe it was Dave -- if there's any
Remember that Swiss Army knife analogy? Halman is one of this cosmic
knife's myriad of components.
But he's not a completely passive tool -- when he's awake, he has some
autonomy, some independence -- presumably within limits set by the
Monolith's overriding control. During the centuries, he's been used as a
kind of intelligent probe to examine, Jupiter -- as you've just seen -- as
well as Ganymede and the Earth. That confirms those mysterious events in
Florida, reported by Dave's old girl-friend, and the nurse who was looking
after his mother, just moments before her death... as well as the encounters
in Anubis City.
And it also explains another mystery. I asked Dave directly: why was I
allowed to land on Europa, when everyone else has been turned away for
centuries? I fully expected to be!
The answer's ridiculously simple. The Monolith uses Dave -- Halman --
from time to time, to keep an eye on us.
Dave knew all about my rescue -- even saw some of the media interviews
I made, on Earth and on Ganymede. I must say I'm still a little hurt he made
no attempt to contact me! But at least he put out the Welcome mat when I did
Dim -- I still have forty-eight hours before Falcon leaves -- with or
without me! I don't think I'll need them, now I've made contact with Halman;
we can keep in touch just as easily from Anubis... if he wants to do so.
And I'm anxious to get back to the Grannymede as quickly as possible.
Falcon's a fine little spacecraft, but her plumbing could be improved --
it's beginning to smell in here, and I'm itching for a shower.
Look forward to seeing you -- and especially Ted Khan.
We have much to talk about, before I return to Earth.
The toil of all that be
Heals not the primal fault;
It rains into the sea,
And still the sea is salt.
-- A. E. Housman, More Poems
32 A Gentleman of Leisure
On the whole, it had been an interesting but uneventful decades,
punctuated by the joys and sorrows which Time and Fate bring to all mankind.
The greatest of those had been wholly unexpected; in fact, before he left
for Ganymede, Poole would have dismissed the very idea as preposterous.
There is much truth in the saying that absence makes the heart grow
fonder. When he and Indra Wallace met again, they discovered that, despite
their bantering and occasional disagreements, they were closer than they had
imagined. One thing led to another including, to their mutual joy, Dawn
Wallace and Martin Poole.
It was rather late in life to start a family -- quite apart from that
little matter of a thousand years -- and Professor Anderson had warned them
that it might be impossible. Or even worse...
'You were lucky in more ways than you realize,' he told Poole.
'Radiation damage was surprisingly low, and we were able to make all
essential repairs from your intact DNA. But until we do some more tests, I
can't promise genetic integrity. So enjoy yourselves -- but don't start a
family until I give the OK.'
The tests had been time-consuming, and as Anderson had feared, further
repairs were necessary. There was one major set-back -- something that could
never have lived, even if it had been allowed to go beyond the first few
weeks after conception -- but Martin and Dawn were perfect, with just the
right number of heads, arms and legs. They were also handsome and
intelligent, and barely managed to escape being spoiled by their doting
parents -- who continued to be the best of friends when, after fifteen
years, each opted for independence again. Because of their Social
Achievement Rating, they would have been permitted -- indeed, encouraged --
to have another child, but they decided not to put any more of a burden on
their astonishingly good luck.
One tragedy had shadowed Poole's personal life during this period --
and indeed had shocked the whole Solar community. Captain Chandler and his
entire crew had been lost when the nucleus of a comet they were
reconnoitring exploded suddenly, destroying Goliath so completely that only
a few fragments were ever located. Such explosions -- caused by reactions
among unstable molecules which existed at very low temperatures -- were a
well-known danger to comet-collectors, and Chandler had encountered several
during his career. No one would ever know the exact circumstances which
caused so experienced a spaceman to be taken by surprise.
Poole missed Chandler very badly: he had played a unique role in his
life, and there was no one to replace him -- no one, except Dave Bowman,
with whom he had shared so momentous an adventure. He and Chandler had often
made plans to go into space together again, perhaps all the way out to the
Oort Cloud with its unknown mysteries and its remote but inexhaustible
wealth of ice. Yet some conflict of schedules had always upset their plans,
so this was a wished-for future that would never exist.
Another long-desired goal Poole had managed to achieve -- despite
doctor's orders. He had been down to Earth: and once was quite enough.
The vehicle in which he had travelled looked almost identical to the
wheelchairs used by the luckier paraplegics of his own time. It was
motorized, and had balloon tyres which allowed it to roll over reasonably
smooth surfaces. However, it could also fly -- at an altitude of about
twenty centimetres -- on an aircushion produced by a set of small but very
powerful fans. Poole was surprised that so primitive a technology was still
in use, but inertia-control devices were too bulky for such small-scale
Seated comfortably in his hoverchair, he was scarcely conscious of his
increasing weight as he descended into the heart of Africa; though he did
notice some difficulty in breathing, he had experienced far worse during his
astronaut training. What he was not prepared for was the blast of
furnace-heat that smote him as he rolled out of the gigantic, sky-piercing
cylinder that formed the base of the Tower. Yet it was still morning: what
would it be like at noon?
He had barely accustomed himself to the heat when his sense of smell
was assailed. A myriad odours -- none unpleasant, but all unfamiliar --
clamoured for his attention. He closed his eyes for a few minutes, in an
attempt to avoid overloading his input circuits.
Before he had decided to open them again, he felt some large, moist
object palpating the back of his neck.
'Say hello to Elizabeth,' said his guide, a burly young man dressed in
traditional Great White Hunter garb, much too smart to have seen any real
use: 'she's our official greeter.'
Poole twisted round in his chair, and found himself looking into the
soulful eyes of a baby elephant.
'Hello, Elizabeth,' he answered, rather feebly. Elizabeth lifted her
trunk in salute, and emitted a sound not usually heard in polite society,
though Poole felt sure it was well-intentioned.
Altogether, he spent less than an hour on Planet Earth, skirting the
edge of a jungle whose stunted trees compared unfavourably with Skyland's,
and encountering much of the local fauna. His guides apologized for the
friendliness of the lions, who had been spoilt by tourists -- but the
malevolent expressions of the crocodiles more than compensated; here was
Nature raw and unchanged.
Before he returned to the Tower, Poole risked taking a few steps away
from his hoverchair. He realized that this would be the equivalent of
carrying his own weight on his back, but that did not seem an impossible
feat, and he would never forgive himself unless he attempted it.
It was not a good idea; perhaps he should have tried it in a cooler
climate. After no more than a dozen steps, he was glad to sink back into the
luxurious clutches of the chair.
'That's enough,' he said wearily. 'Let's go back to the Tower.'
As he rolled into the elevator lobby, he noticed a sign which he had
somehow overlooked during the excitement of his arrival. It read:
'In wildness is the preservation of the world.'
Observing Poole's interest, the guide asked 'Did you know him?'
It was the sort of question Poole heard all too often, and at the
moment he did not feel equipped to deal with it.
'I don't think so,' he answered wearily, as the great doors closed
behind them, shutting out the sights, scents and sounds of Mankind's
His vertical safari had satisfied his need to visit Earth, and he did
his best to ignore the various aches and pains acquired there when he
returned to his apartment at Level 10,000 -- a prestigious location, even in
this democratic society. Indra, however, was mildly shocked by his
appearance, and ordered him straight to bed.
'Just like Antaeus -- but in reverse!' she muttered darkly. 'Who?'
asked Poole: there were times when his wife's erudition was a little
overwhelming, but he had determined never to let it give him an inferiority
'Son of the Earth Goddess, Gaea. Hercules wrestled with him -- but
every time he was thrown to the ground, Antaeus renewed his strength.'
'Hercules, of course -- by holding Antaeus in the air, so Ma couldn't
recharge his batteries.'
'Well, I'm sure it won't take me long to recharge mine. And I've
learned one lesson. If I don't get more exercise, I may have to move up to
Lunar Gravity level.'
Poole's good resolution lasted a full month: every morning he went for
a brisk five-kilometre walk, choosing a different level of the Africa Tower
each day. Some floors were still vast, echoing deserts of metal which would
probably never be occupied, but others had been landscaped and developed
over the centuries in a bewildering variety of architectural styles. Many
were borrowings from past ages and cultures; others hinted at futures which
Poole would not care to visit. At least there was no danger of boredom, and
on many of his walks he was accompanied, at a respectful distance, by small
groups of friendly children. They were seldom able to keep up with him for
One day, as Poole was striding down a convincing -- though sparsely
populated -- imitation of the Champs Elyse?es, he suddenly spotted a
'Danil!' he called.
The other man took not the slightest notice, even when Poole called
again, more loudly.
'Don't you remember me?'
Danil -- and now that he had caught up with him, Poole did not have the
slightest doubt of his identity -- looked genuinely baffled.
'I'm sorry,' he said. 'You're Commander Poole, of course. But I'm sure
we've never met before.'
Now it was Poole's turn to be embarrassed.
'Stupid of me,' he apologized. 'Must have mistaken you for someone
else. Have a good day.'
He was glad of the encounter, and was pleased to know that Danil was
back in normal society. Whether his original crime had been axe-murders or
overdue library books should no longer be the concern of his one-time
employer; the account had been settled, the books closed. Although Poole
sometimes missed the cops-and-robbers dramas he had often enjoyed in his
youth, he had grown to accept the current wisdom: excessive interest in
pathological behaviour was itself pathological.
With the help of Miss Pringle, Mk III, Poole had been able to schedule
his life so that there were even occasional blank moments when he could
relax and set his Braincap on Random Search, scanning his areas of interest.
Outside his immediate family, his chief concerns were still among the moons
of Jupiter/Lucifer, not least because he was recognized as the leading
expert on the subject, and a permanent member of the Europa Committee.
This had been set up almost a thousand years ago, to consider what, if
anything, could and should be done about the mysterious satellite. Over the
centuries, it had accumulated a vast amount of information, going all the
way back to the Voyager flybys of 1979 and the first detailed surveys from
the orbiting Galileo spacecraft of 1996.
Like most long-lived organizations, the Europa Committee had become
slowly fossilized, and now met only when there was some new development. It
had woken up with a start after Halman's reappearance, and appointed an
energetic new chairperson whose first act had been to co-opt Poole.
Though there was little that he could contribute that was not already
recorded, Poole was very happy to be on the Committee. It was obviously his
duty to make himself available, and it also gave him an official position he
would otherwise have lacked. Previously his status was what had once been
called a 'national treasure', which he found faintly embarrassing. Although
he was glad to be supported in luxury by a world wealthier than all the
dreams of war-ravaged earlier ages could have imagined, he felt the need to
justify his existence.
He also felt another need, which he seldom articulated even to himself.
Halman had spoken to him, if only briefly, at their strange encounter two
decades ago. Poole was certain that, if he wished, Halman could easily do so
again. Were all human contacts no longer of interest to him? He hoped that
was not the case; yet that might be one explanation of his silence.
He was frequently in touch with Theodore Khan -- as active and acerbic
as ever, and now the Europa Committee's representative on Ganymede. Ever
since Poole had returned to Earth, Ted had been trying in vain to open a
channel of communication with Bowman. He could not understand why long lists
of important questions on subjects of vital philosophical and historic
interest received not even brief acknowledgements.
'Does the Monolith keep your friend Halman so busy that he can't talk
to me?' he complained to Poole. 'What does he do with his time, anyway?'
It was a very reasonable question; and the answer came, like a
thunderbolt out of a cloudless sky, from Bowman himself -- as a perfectly
commonplace vidphone call.
'Hello, Frank. This is Dave. I have a very important message for you. I
assume that you are now in your suite in Africa Tower. If you are there,
please identify yourself by giving the name of our instructor in orbital
mechanics. I will wait for sixty seconds, and if there is no reply will try
again in exactly one hour.'
That minute was hardly long enough for Poole to recover from the shock.
He felt a brief surge of delight, as well as astonishment, before another
emotion took over. Glad though he was to hear from Bowman again, that phrase
'a very important message' sounded distinctly ominous.
At least it was fortunate, Poole told himself, that he's asked for one
of the few names I can remember. Yet who could forget a Scot with a Glasgow
accent so thick it had taken them a week to master it? But he had been a
brilliant lecturer -- once you understood what he was saying.
'Dr Gregory McVitty.'
'Accepted. Now please switch on your Braincap receiver. It will take
three minutes to download this message. Do not attempt to monitor: I am
using ten-to-one compression. I will wait two minutes before starting.'
How is he managing to do this? Poole wondered. Jupiter/Lucifer was now
over fifty light-minutes away, so this message must have left almost an hour
ago. It must have been sent with an intelligent agent in a properly
addressed package on the Ganymede-Earth beam -- but that would have been a
trivial feat to Halman, with the resources he had apparently been able to
tap inside the Monolith.
The indicator light on the Brainbox was flickering. The message was
At the compression Halman was using, it would take half an hour for
Poole to absorb the message in real-time. But he needed only ten minutes to
know that his peaceful life-style had come to an abrupt end
In a world of universal and instantaneous communication, it was very
difficult to keep secrets. This was a matter, Poole decided immediately, for
The Europa Committee had grumbled, but all its members had assembled in
his apartment. There were seven of them -- the lucky number, doubtless
suggested by the phases of the Moon, that had always fascinated Mankind. It
was the first time Poole had met three of the Committee's members, though by
now he knew them all more thoroughly than he could possibly have done in a
'Chairperson Oconnor, members of the Committee -- I'd like to say a few
words -- only a few, I promise! -- before you download the message I've
received from Europa. And this is something I prefer to do verbally; that's
more natural for me -- I'm afraid I'll never be quite at ease with direct
'As you all know, Dave Bowman and Hal have been stored as emulations in
the Monolith on Europa. Apparently it never discards a tool it once found
useful, and from time to time it activates Halman, to monitor our affairs --
when they begin to concern it. As I suspect my arrival may have done --
though perhaps I flatter myself.'
'But Halman isn't just a passive tool. The Dave component still retains
something of its human origins -- even emotions. And because we were trained
together -- shared almost everything for years -- he apparently finds it
much easier to communicate with me than with anyone else. I would like to
think he enjoys doing it, but perhaps that's too strong a word.'
'He's also curious -- inquisitive -- and perhaps a little resentful of
the way he's been collected, like a specimen of wildlife. Though that's
probably what we are, from the viewpoint of the intelligence that created
'And where is that intelligence now? Halman apparently knows the
answer, and it's a chilling one.'
'As we always suspected, the Monolith is part of a galactic network of
some kind. And the nearest node -- the Monolith's controller, or immediate
superior -- is 450 light-years away.'
'Much too close for comfort! This means that the report on us and our
affairs that was transmitted early in the twenty-first century was received
half a millennium ago. If the Monolith's -- let's say Supervisor -- replied
at once, any further instructions should be arriving just about now.'
'And that's exactly what seems to be happening. During the last few
days, the Monolith has been receiving a continuous string of messages, and
has been setting up new programs, presumably in accordance with these.'
'Unfortunately, Halman can only make guesses about the nature of those
instructions. As you'll gather when you've downloaded this tablet, he has
some limited access to many of the Monolith's circuits and memory banks, and
can even carry on a kind of dialogue with it. If that's the right word --
since you need two people for that! I still can't really grasp the idea that
the Monolith, for all its powers, doesn't possess consciousness -- doesn't
even know that it exists!'
'Halman's been brooding over the problem for a thousand years -- on and
off -- and has come to the same answer that most of us have done. But his
conclusion must surely carry far more weight, because of his inside
'Sorry! I wasn't intending to make a joke -- but what else could you
'Whatever went to the trouble of creating us -- or at least tinkering
with our ancestors' minds and genes -- is deciding what to do next. And
Halman is pessimistic. No -- that's an exaggeration. Let's say he doesn't
think much of our chances, but is now too detached an observer to be unduly
worried. The future -- the survival! -- of the human race isn't much more
than an interesting problem to him, but he's willing to help.'
Poole suddenly stopped talking, to the surprise of his intent audience.
'That's strange. I've just had an amazing flashback... I'm sure it
explains what's happening. Please bear with me.'
'Dave and I were walking together one day, along the beach at the Cape,
a few weeks before launch, when we noticed a large beetle lying on the sand.
As often happens, it had fallen on its back and was waving its legs in the
air, struggling to get right-way-up.'
'I ignored it -- we were engaged in some complicated technical
discussion -- but not Dave. He stepped aside, and carefully flipped it over
with his shoe. As it flew away I commented, "Are you sure that was a good
idea? Now it will go off and chomp somebody's prize chrysanthemums." And he
answered, "Maybe you're right. But I'd like to give it the benefit of the
'My apologies -- I'd promised to say only a few words! But I'm very
glad I remembered that incident: I really believe it puts Halman's message
in the right perspective. He's giving the human race the benefit of the
'Now please check your Braincaps. This is a high-density recording --
top of the u.v. band, Channel 110. Make yourselves comfortable, but be sure
you're free line of sight. Here we go...'
35 Council of War
No one asked for a replay. Once was sufficient.
There was a brief silence when the playback finished; then Chairperson
Dr Oconnor removed her Braincap, massaged her shining scalp, and said
'You taught me a phrase from your period that seems very appropriate
now. This is a can of worms.'
'But only Bowman -- Halman -- has opened it,' said one of the Committee
members. 'Does he really understand the operation of something as complex as
the Monolith? Or is this whole scenario a figment of his imagination?'
'I don't think he has much imagination,' Dr Oconnor answered. 'And
everything checks perfectly. Especially the reference to Nova Scorpio. We
assumed that was an accident; apparently it was a -- judgement.'
'First Jupiter -- now Scorpio,' said Dr Kraussman, the distinguished
physicist who was popularly regarded as a reincarnation of the legendary
Einstein. A little plastic surgery, it was rumoured, had also helped. 'Who
will be next in line?'
'We always guessed,' said the Chair, 'that the TMAs were monitoring
us.' She paused for a moment, then added ruefully: 'What bad -- what
incredibly bad! -- luck that the fmal report went off, just after the very
worst period in human history!'
There was another silence. Everyone knew that the twentieth century had
often been branded 'The Century of Torture'
Poole listened without interrupting, while he waited for some consensus
to emerge. Not for the first time, he was impressed by the quality of the
Committee No one was trying to prove a pet theory, score debating points, or
inflate an ego: he could not help drawing a contrast with the often
bad-tempered arguments he had heard in own time, between Space Agency
engineers and administrators, Congressional staffs, and industrial
Yes, the human race had undoubtedly improved. The Braincap had not only
helped to weed out misfits, but had enormously increased the efficiency of
education. Yet there had also been a loss; there were very few memorable
characters in this society. Offhand he could think of only four -- Indra,
Captain Chandler, Dr Khan and the Dragon Lady of wistful memory.
The Chairperson let the discussion flow smoothly back and forth until
everyone had had a say, then began her summing up.
'The obvious first question -- how seriously should we take this threat
-- isn't worth wasting time on. Even if it's a false alarm, or a
misunderstanding, it's potentially so grave that we must assume it's real,
until we have absolute proof to the contrary. Agreed?'
'Good. And we don't know how much time we have. So we must assume that
the danger is immediate. Perhaps Halman may be able to give us some further
warning, but by then it may be too late.'
'So the only thing we have to decide is: how can we protect ourselves,
against something as powerful as the Monolith? Look what happened to
Jupiter! And, apparently, Nova Scorpio...'
'I'm sure that brute force would be useless, though perhaps we should
explore that option. Dr Kraussman -- how long would it take to build a
'Assuming that the designs still exist, so that no research is
necessary -- oh, perhaps two weeks. Thermonuclear weapons are rather simple,
and use common materials -- after all, they made them back in the Second
Millennium! But if you wanted something sophisticated -- say an antimatter
bomb, or a mini-black-hole -- well, that might take a few months.'
'Thank you: could you start looking into it? But as I've said, I don't
believe it would work; surely something that can handle such powers must
also be able to protect itself against them. So -- any other suggestions?'
'Can we negotiate?' one councillor asked, not very hopefully.
'With what... or whom?' Kraussman answered. 'As we've discovered, the
Monolith is essentially a pure mechanism, doing just what it's been
programmed to do. Perhaps that program is flexible enough to allow of
changes, but there's no way we can tell. And we certainly can't appeal to
Head Office -- that's half a thousand light-years away!'
Poole listened without interrupting; there was nothing he could
contribute to the discussion, and indeed much of it was completely over his
head. He began to feel an insidious sense of depression, would it have been
better, he wondered, not to pass on this information? Then, if it was a
false alarm, no one would be any the worse. And if it was not -- well,
humanity would still have peace of mind, before whatever inescapable doom
He was still mulling over these gloomy thoughts when he was suddenly
alerted by a familiar phrase.
A quiet little member of the Committee, with a name so long and
difficult that Poole had never been able to remember, still less pronounce
it, had abruptly dropped just two words into the discussion.
There was one of those silences generally described as 'pregnant', then
a chorus of 'Why didn't I think of that!' 'Of course!' 'Very good idea!'
until the Chairperson, for the first time in the session, had to call for
'Thank you, Professor Thirugnanasampanthamoorthy,' said Dr Oconnor,
without missing a beat. 'Would you like to be more specific?'
'Certainly. If the Monolith is indeed, as everyone seems to think,
essentially a machine without consciousness -- and hence with only limited
self-monitoring ability -- we may already have the weapons that can defeat
it. Locked up in the Vault.'
'And a delivery system -- Halman!'
'Just a minute, Dr T. We know nothing -- absolutely nothing -- about
the Monolith's architecture. How can we be sure that anything our primitive
species ever designed would be effective against it?'
'We can't -- but remember this. However sophisticated it is, the
Monolith has to obey exactly the same universal laws of logic that Aristotle
and Boole formulated, centuries ago. That's why it may -- no, should! -- be
vulnerable to the things locked up in the Vault. We have to assemble them in
such a way that at least one of them will work. It's our only hope -- unless
anybody can suggest a better alternative.'
'Excuse me,' said Poole, finally losing patience. 'Will someone kindly
tell me -- what and where is this famous Vault you're talking about?'
36 Chamber of Horrors
History is full of nightmares, some natural, some manmade.
By the end of the twenty-first century, most of the natural ones --
smallpox, the Black Death, AIDS, the hideous viruses lurking in the African
jungle -- had been eliminated, or at least brought under control, by the
advance of medicine. However, it was never wise to underestimate the
ingenuity of Mother Nature, and no one doubted that the future would still
have unpleasant biological surprises in store for Mankind.
It seemed a sensible precaution, therefore, to keep a few specimens of
all these horrors for scientific study -- carefully guarded, of course, so
that there was no possibility of them escaping and again wreaking havoc on
the human race. But how could one be absolutely sure that there was no
danger of this happening?
There had been -- understandably -- quite an outcry in the late
twentieth century when it was proposed to keep the last known smallpox
viruses at Disease Control Centres in the United States and Russia. However
unlikely it might be, there was a finite possibility that they might be
released by such accidents as earthquakes, equipment failures -- or even
deliberate sabotage by terrorist groups.
A solution that satisfied everyone (except a few 'Preserve the lunar
wilderness!' extremists) was to ship them to the Moon, and to keep them in a
laboratory at the end of a kilometre-long shaft drilled into the isolated
mountain Pico, one of the most prominent features of the Mare Imbrium. And
here, over the years, they were joined by some of the most outstanding
examples of misplaced human ingenuity -- indeed, insanity.
There were gases and mists that, even in microscopic doses, caused slow
or instant death. Some had been created by religious cultists who, though
mentally deranged, had managed to acquire considerable scientific knowledge.
Many of them believed that the end of the world was at hand (when, of
course, only their followers would be saved). In case God was absent-minded
enough not to perform as scheduled, they wanted to make sure that they could
rectify His unfortunate oversight.
The first assaults of these lethal cultists were made on such
vulnerable targets as crowded subways, World Fairs, sports stadiums, pop
concerts... tens of thousands were killed, and many more injured before the
madness was brought under control in the early twenty-first century. As
often happens, some good came out of evil, because it forced the world's
law-enforcement agencies to co-operate as never before; even rogue states
which had promoted political terrorism were unable to tolerate this random
and wholly unpredictable variety.
The chemical and biological agents used in these attacks -- as well as
in earlier forms of warfare -- joined the deadly collection in Pico. Their
antidotes, when they existed, were also stored with them. It was hoped that
none of this material would ever concern humanity again -- but it was still
available, under heavy guard, if it was needed in some desperate emergency.
The third category of items stored in the Pico vault, although they
could be classified as plagues, had never killed or injured anyone --
directly. They had not even existed before the late twentieth century, but
in a few decades they had done billions of dollars' worth of damage, and
often wrecked lives as effectively as any bodily illness could have done.
They were the diseases which attacked Mankind's newest and most versatile
servant, the computer.
Taking names from the medical dictionaries -- viruses, prions,
tapeworms -- they were programs that often mimicked, with uncanny accuracy,
the behaviour of their organic relatives. Some were harmless -- little more
than playful jokes, contrived to surprise or amuse Computer operators by
unexpected messages and images on their visual displays. Others were far
more malicious -- deliberately designed agents of catastrophe.
In most cases their purpose was entirely mercenary; they were the
weapons that sophisticated criminals used to blackmail the banks and
commercial organizations that now depended utterly upon the efficient
operation of their computer systems. On being warned that their data banks
would be erased automatically at a certain time, unless they transferred a
few megadollars to some anonymous offshore number, most victims decided not
to risk possibly irreparable disaster. They paid up quietly, often -- to
avoid public or even private embarrassment -- without notifying the police.
This understandable desire for privacy made it easy for the network
highwaymen to conduct their electronic holdups: even when they were caught,
they were treated gently by legal systems which did not know how to handle
such novel crimes -- and, after all, they had not really hurt anyone, had
they? Indeed, after they had served their brief sentences, many of the
perpetrators were quietly hired by their victims, on the old principle that
poachers make the best game-keepers.
These computer criminals were driven purely by greed, and certainly did
not wish to destroy the organizations they preyed upon: no sensible parasite
kills its host. But there were other, and much more dangerous, enemies of
society at work...
Usually, they were maladjusted individuals -- typically adolescent
males -- working entirely alone, and of course in complete secrecy. Their
aim was to create programs which would simply create havoc and confusion,
when they had been spread over the planet by the world-wide cable and radio
networks, or on physical carriers such as diskettes and CD ROMS. Then they
would enjoy the resulting chaos, basking in the sense of power it gave their
Sometimes, these perverted geniuses were discovered and adopted by
national intelligence agencies for their own secretive purposes -- usually,
to break into the data banks of their rivals. This was a fairly harmless
line of employment, as the organizations concerned did at least have some
sense of civic responsibility.
Not so the apocalyptic sects, who were delighted to discover this new
armoury, holding weapons far more effective, and more easily disseminated,
than gas or germs. And much more difficult to counter, since they could be
broadcast instantaneously to millions of offices and homes.
The collapse of the New York-Havana Bank in 2005, the launching of
Indian nuclear missiles in 2007 (luckily with their warheads unactivated),
the shutdown of Pan-European Air Traffic Control in 2008, the paralysis of
the North American telephone network in that same year -- all these were
cult-inspired rehearsals for Doomsday. Thanks to brilliant feats of
counterintelligence by normally uncooperative, and even warring, national
agencies, this menace was slowly brought under control.
At least, so it was generally believed: there had been no serious
attacks at the very foundations of society for several hundred years. One of
the chief weapons of victory had been the Braincap -- though there were some
who believed that this achievement had been bought at too great a cost.
Though arguments over the freedom of the Individual versus the duties
of the State were old when Plato and Aristotle attempted to codify them, and
would probably continue until the end of time, some consensus had been
reached in the Third Millennium. It was generally agreed that Communism was
the most perfect form of government; unfortunately it had been demonstrated
-- at the cost of some hundreds of millions of lives -- that it was only
applicable to social insects, Robots Class II, and similar restricted
categories. For imperfect human beings, the least-worst answer was
Demosocracy, frequently defined as 'individual greed, moderated by an
efficient but not too zealous government'.
Soon after the Braincap came into general use, some highly intelligent
-- and maximally zealous -- bureaucrats realized that it had a unique
potential as an early-warning system. During the setting-up process, when
the new wearer was being mentally 'calibrated' it was possible to detect
many forms of psychosis before they had a chance of becoming dangerous.
Often this suggested the best therapy, but when no cure appeared possible
the subject could be electronically tagged -- or, in extreme cases,
segregated from society. Of course, this mental monitoring could test only
those who were fitted with a Braincap -- but by the end of the Third
Millennium this was as essential for everyday life as the personal telephone
had been at its beginning. In fact, anyone who did not join the vast
majority was automatically suspect, and checked as a potential deviant.
Needless to say, when 'mind-probing', as its critics called it, started
coming into general use, there were cries of outrage from civil-rights
organizations; one of their most effective slogans was 'Braincap or
Braincop?' Slowly -- even reluctantly -- it was accepted that this form of
monitoring was a necessary precaution against far worse evils; and it was no
coincidence that with the general improvement in mental health, religious
fanaticism also started its rapid decline-
When the long-drawn-out war against the cybernet criminals ended, the
victors found themselves owning an embarrassing collection of spoils, all of
them utterly incomprehensible to any past conqueror. There were, of course,
hundreds of computer viruses, most of them very difficult to detect and
kill. And there were some entities -- for want of a better name -- that were
much more terrifying. They were brilliantly invented diseases for which
there was no cure -- in some cases not even the possibility of a cure
Many of them had been linked to great mathematicians who would have
been horrified by this corruption of their discoveries. As it is a human
characteristic to belittle a real danger by giving it an absurd name, the
designations were often facetious: the Godel Gremlin, the Mandelbrot Maze,
the Combinatorial Catastrophe, the Transfinite Trap, the Conway Conundrum,
the Turing Torpedo, the Lorentz Labyrinth, the Boolean Bomb, the Shannon
Snare, the Cantor Cataclysm...
If any generalization was possible, all these mathematical horrors
operated on the same principle. They did not depend for their effectiveness
on anything as naïve as memory-erasure or code corruption -- on the
contrary. Their approach was more subtle; they persuaded their host machine
to initiate a program which could not be completed before the end of the
universe, or which -- the Mandelbrot Maze was the deadliest example --
involved a literally infinite series of steps.
A trivial example would be the calculation of Pi, or any other
irrational number. However, even the most stupid electro-optic computer
would not fall into such a simple trap: the day had long since passed when
mechanical morons would wear out their gears, grinding them to powder as
they tried to divide by zero...
The challenge to the demon programmers was to convince their targets
that the task set them had a definite conclusion that could be reached in a
finite time. In the battle of wits between man (seldom woman, despite such
role-models as Lady Ada Lovelace, Admiral Grace Hopper and Dr Susan Calvin)
and machine, the machine almost invariably lost.
It would have been possible -- though in some cases difficult and even
risky -- to destroy the captured obscenities by ERASE/OVERWRITE commands,
but they represented an enormous investment in time and ingenuity which,
however misguided, seemed a pity to waste. And, more important, perhaps they
should be kept for study, in some secure location, as a safeguard against
the time when some evil genius might reinvent and deploy them.
The solution was obvious. The digital demons should be sealed with
their chemical and biological counterparts, it was hoped for ever, in the
37 Operation Damocles
Poole never had much contact with the team who assembled the weapon
everyone hoped would never have to be used. The operation -- ominously, but
aptly, named Damocles -- was so highly specialized that he could contribute
nothing directly, and he saw enough of the task force to realize that some
of them might almost belong to an alien species. Indeed, one key member was
apparently in a lunatic asylum -- Poole had been surprised to find that such
places still existed -- and Chairperson Oconnor sometimes suggested that at
least two others should join him.
'Have you ever heard of the Enigma Project?' she remarked to Poole,
after a particularly frustrating session. When he shook his head, she
continued: 'I'm surprised -- it was only a few decades before you were born:
I came across it while when I was researching material for Damocles. Very
similar problem -- in one of your wars, a group of brilliant mathematicians
was gathered together, in great secrecy, to break an enemy code...
incidentally, they built one of the very first real computers, to make the
'And there's a lovely story -- I hope it's true -- that reminds me of
our own little team. One day the Prime Minister came on a visit of
inspection, and afterwards he said to Enigma's Director: "When I told you to
leave no stone unturned to get the men you needed, I didn't expect you to
take me so literally".'
Presumably all the right stones had been turned for Project Damocles.
However, as no one knew whether they were working against a deadline of
days, weeks or years, at first it was hard to generate any sense of urgency.
The need for secrecy also created problems; since there was no point in
spreading alarm throughout the Solar System, not more than fifty people knew
of the project. But they were the people who mattered -- who could marshal
all the forces necessary, and who alone could authorize the opening of the
Pico Vault, for the first time in five hundred years.
When Halman reported that the Monolith was receiving messages with
increasing frequency, there seemed little doubt that something was going to
happen. Poole was not the only one who found it hard to sleep in those days,
even with the help of the Braincap's anti-insomnia programs. Before he
finally did get to sleep, he often wondered if he would wake up again. But
at last all the components of the weapon were assembled -- a weapon
invisible, untouchable and unimaginable to almost all the warriors who had
Nothing could have looked more harmless and innocent than the perfectly
standard terabyte memory tablet, used with millions of Braincaps every day.
But the fact that it was encased in a massive block of crystalline material,
criss-crossed with metal bands, indicated that it was something quite out of
the ordinary. Poole received it with reluctance; he wondered if the courier
who had been given the awesome task of carrying the Hiroshima atom bomb's
core to the Pacific airbase from which it was launched had felt the same
way. And yet, if all their fears were justified, his responsibility might be
And he could not be certain that even the first part of his mission
would be successful. Because no circuit could be absolutely secure, Halman
had not yet been informed about Project Damocles; Poole would do that when
he returned to Ganymede.
Then he could only hope that Halman would be willing to play the role
of Trojan Horse -- and, perhaps, be destroyed in the process.
38 Pre-emptive Strike
It was strange to be back in the Hotel Grannymede after all these years
-- strangest of all, because it seemed completely unchanged, despite
everything that had happened. Poole was still greeted by the familiar image
of Bowman as he walked into the suite named after him: and, as he expected,
Bowman/Halman was waiting, looking slightly less substantial than the
Before they could even exchange greetings, there was an interruption
that Poole would have welcomed -- at any other time than this. The room
vidphone gave its urgent trio of rising notes -- also unchanged since his
last visit --and an old friend appeared on the screen.
'Frank!' cried Theodore Khan, 'why didn't you tell me you were coming!
When can we meet? Why no video -- someone with you? And who were all those
official-looking types who landed at the same time --'
'Please Ted! Yes, I'm sorry -- but believe me, I've got very good
reasons -- I'll explain later. And I do have someone with me -- call you
back just as soon as I can. Good-bye!'
As he belatedly gave the 'Do Not Disturb' order, Poole said
apologetically: 'Sorry about that -- you know who it was, of course.'
'Yes -- Dr Khan. He often tried to get in touch with me.'
'But you never answered. May I ask why?' Though there were far more
important matters to worry about, Poole could not resist putting the
'Ours was the only channel I wished to keep open. Also, I was often
away. Sometimes for years.'
That was surprising -- yet it should not have been. Poole knew well
enough that Halman had been reported in many places, in many times. Yet --
'away for years'? He might have visited quite a few star systems -- perhaps
that was how he knew about Nova Scorpio, only forty light-years distant. But
he could never have gone all the way to the Node; there and back would have
been a nine-hundred-year journey.
'How lucky that you were here when we needed you!' It was very unusual
for Halman to hesitate before replying. There was much longer than the
unavoidable three-second time-lag before he said slowly 'Are you sure that
it was luck?'
'What do you mean?'
'I do not wish to talk about it, but twice I have -- glimpsed -- powers
-- entities -- far superior to the Monoliths, and perhaps even their makers.
We may both have less freedom than we imagine.'
That was indeed a chilling thought; Poole needed a deliberate effort of
will to put it aside and concentrate on the immediate problem.
'Let us hope we have enough free-will to do what is necessary. Perhaps
this is a foolish question. Does the Monolith know that we are meeting?
Could it be -- suspicious?'
'It is not capable of such an emotion. It has numerous fault-protection
devices, some of which I understand. But that is all.'
'Could it be overhearing us now?'
'I do not believe so.'
I wish that I could be sure it was such a naïve and simple-minded
super-genius, thought Poole as he unlocked his briefcase and took out the
sealed box containing the tablet. In this low gravity its weight was almost
negligible; it was impossible to believe that it might hold the destiny of
'There was no way we could be certain of getting a secure circuit to
you, so we couldn't go into details. This tablet contains programs which we
hope will prevent the Monolith from carrying out any orders which threaten
Mankind. There are twenty of the most devastating viruses ever designed on
this, most of which have no known antidote; in some cases, it is believed
that none is possible. There are five copies of each. We would like you to
release them when -- and if -- you think it is necessary. Dave -- Hal -- no
one has ever been given such a responsibility. But we have no other choice.'
Once again, the reply seemed to take longer than the three-second round
trip from Europa.
'If we do this, all the Monolith's functions may cease. We are
uncertain what will happen to us then.'
'We have considered that, of course. But by this lime, you must surely
have many facilities at your command --some of them probably beyond our
understanding. I am also sending you a petabyte memory tablet. Ten to the
fifteenth bytes is more than sufficient to hold all the memories and
experiences of many lifetimes. This will give you one escape route: I
suspect you have others.'
'Correct. We will decide which to use at the appropriate time.'
Poole relaxed -- as far as was possible in this extraordinary
situation. Halman was willing to co-operate: he still had sufficient links
with his origins.
'Now, we have to get this tablet to you -- physically. Its contents are
too dangerous to risk sending over any radio or optical channel. I know you
possess long-range control of matter: did you not once detonate an orbiting
bomb? Could you transport it to Europa? Alternatively, we could send it in
an auto-courier, to any point you specify.'
'That would be best: I will collect it in Tsienville. Here are the
Poole was still slumped in his chair when the Bowman Suite monitor
admitted the head of the delegation that had accompanied him from Earth.
Whether Colonel Jones was a genuine Colonel -- or even if his name was Jones
-- were minor mysteries which Poole was not really interested in solving; it
was sufficient that he was a superb organizer and had handled the mechanics
of Operation Damocles with quiet efficiency.
'Well, Frank -- it's on its way. Will be landing in one hour, ten
minutes. I assume that Halman can take it from there, but I don't understand
how he can actually handle -- is that the right word? -- these tablets.'
'I wondered about that, until someone on the Europa Committee explained
it. There's a well-known -- though not to me! -- theorem stating that any
computer can emulate any other computer. So I'm sure that Halman knows
exactly what he's doing. He would never have agreed otherwise.'
'I hope you're right,' replied the Colonel. 'If not -- well, I don't
know what alternative we have.'
There was a gloomy pause, until Poole did his best to relieve the
'By the way, have you heard the local rumour about our visit?'
'Which particular one?'
'That we're a special commission sent here to investigate crime and
corruption in this raw frontier township. The Mayor and the Sheriff are
supposed to be running scared.'
'How I envy them,' said 'Colonel Jones'. 'Sometimes it's quite a relief
to have something trivial to worry about.'
Like all the inhabitants of Anubis City (population now 56,521), Dr
Theodore Khan woke soon after local midnight to the sound of the General
Alarm. His first reaction was 'Not another Icequake, for Deus's sake!'
He rushed to the window, shouting 'Open' so loudly that the room did
not understand, and he had to repeat the order in a normal voice. The light
of Lucifer should have come streaming in, painting the patterns on the floor
that so fascinated visitors from Earth, because they never moved even a
fraction of a millimetre, no matter how long they waited...
That unvarying beam of light was no longer there. As Khan stared in
utter disbelief through the huge, transparent bubble of the Anubis Dome, he
saw a sky that Ganymede had not known for a thousand years. It was once more
ablaze with stars; Lucifer had gone.
And then, as he explored the forgotten constellations, Kahn noticed
something even more terrifying. Where Lucifer should have been was a tiny
disc of absolute blackness, eclipsing the unfamiliar stars.
There was only one possible explanation, Khan told himself numbly.
Lucifer has been swallowed by a Black Hole. And it may be our turn next.
On the balcony of the Grannymede Hotel, Poole was watching the same
spectacle, but with more complex emotions. Even before the general alarm,
his comsec had woken him with a message from Halman.
'It is beginning. We have infected the Monolith. But one -- perhaps
several -- of the viruses have entered our own circuits. We do not know if
we will be able to use the memory tablet you have given us. If we succeed,
we will meet you in Tsienville.'
Then came the surprising and strangely moving words whose exact
emotional content would be debated for generations:
'If we are unable to download, remember us.' From the room behind him,
Poole heard the voice of the Mayor, doing his best to reassure the now
sleepless citizens of Anubis. Though he opened with that most terrifying of
official statements -- 'No cause for alarm' -- the Mayor did indeed have
words of comfort.
'We don't know what's happening but Lucifer's still shining normally! I
repeat -- Lucifer is still shining! We've just received news from the
interorbit shuttle Alcyone, which left for Callisto half an hour ago. Here's
their view --, Poole left the balcony and rushed into his room just in time
to see Lucifer blaze reassuringly on the vidscreen.
'What's happened,' the Mayor continued breathlessly, 'is that something
has caused a temporary eclipse -- we'll zoom in to look at it... Callisto
Observatory, come in please...'
How does he know it's 'temporary'? thought Poole, as he waited for the
next image to come up on the screen.
Lucifer vanished, to be replaced by a field of stars. At the same time,
the Mayor faded out and another voice took over:
'- two-metre telescope, but almost any instrument will do. It's a disc
of perfectly black material, just over ten thousand kilometres across, so
thin it shows no visible thickness. And it's placed exactly -- obviously
deliberately --to block Ganymede from receiving any light.
'We'll zoom in to see if it shows any details, though I rather doubt
From the viewpoint of Callisto, the occulting disc was foreshortened
into an oval, twice as long as it was wide. It expanded until it completely
filled the screen; thereafter, it was impossible to tell whether the image
was being zoomed, as it showed no structure whatsoever.
'As I thought -- there's nothing to see. Let's pan over to the edge of
Again there was no sense of motion, until a field of stars suddenly
appeared, sharply defined by the curving edge of the world-sized disc. It
was exactly as if they were looking past the horizon of an airless,
perfectly smooth planet.
No, it was not perfectly smooth...
'That's interesting,' commented the astronomer, who until now had
sounded remarkably matter-of-fact, as if this sort of thing was an everyday
occurrence. 'The edge looks jagged -- but in a very regular fashion -- like
A circular saw Poole muttered under his breath. Is it going to carve us
up? Don't be ridiculous...
'This is as close as we can get before diffraction spoils the image --
we'll process it later and get much better detail:'
The magnification was now so great that all trace of the disc's
circularity had vanished. Across the vidscreen was a black band, serrated
along its edge with triangles so identical that Poole found it hard to avoid
the ominous analogy of a saw-blade. Yet something else was nagging at the
back of his mind...
Like everyone else on Ganymede, he watched the infinitely more distant
stars drifting in and out of those geometrically perfect valleys. Very
probably, many others jumped to the same conclusion even before he did.
If you attempt to make a disc out of rectangular blocks --whether their
proportions are 1:4:9 or any other -- it cannot possibly have a smooth edge.
Of course, you can make it as near a perfect circle as you like, by using
smaller and smaller blocks. Yet why go to that trouble, if you merely wanted
to build a screen large enough to eclipse a sun?
The Mayor was right; the eclipse was indeed temporary. But its ending
was the precise opposite of a solar one.
First light broke through at the exact centre, not in the usual
necklace of Bailey's Beads along the very edge. Jagged lines radiated from a
dazzling pinhole -- and now, under the highest magnification, the structure
of the disc was being revealed. It was composed of millions of identical
rectangles, perhaps the same size as the Great Wall of Europa. And now they
were splitting apart: it was as if a gigantic jigsaw puzzle was being
Its perpetual, but now briefly interrupted, daylight was slowly
returning to Ganymede, as the disc fragmented and the rays of Lucifer poured
through the widening gaps. Now the components themselves were evaporating,
almost as if they needed the reinforcement of each other's contact to
Although it seemed like hours to the anxious watchers in Anubis City,
the whole event lasted for less than fifteen minutes. Not until it was all
over did anyone pay attention to Europa itself.
The Great Wall was gone: and it was almost an hour before the news came
from Earth, Mars and Moon that the Sun itself had appeared to flicker for a
few seconds, before resuming business as usual.
It had been a highly selective set of eclipses, obviously targeted at
humankind. Nowhere else in the Solar System would anything have been
In the general excitement, it was a little longer before the world
realized that TMA ZERO and TMA ONE had both vanished, leaving only their
four-million-year-old imprints on Tycho and Africa.
It was the first time the Europs could ever have met humans, but they
seemed neither alarmed nor surprised by the huge creatures moving among them
at such lightning speed. Of course, it was not too easy to interpret the
emotional state of something that looked like a small, leafless bush, with
no obvious sense organs or means of communication. But if they were
frightened by the arrival of Alcyone, and the emergence of its passengers,
they would surely have remained hiding in their igloos.
As Frank Poole, slightly encumbered by his protective suit and the gift
of shining copper wire he was carrying, walked into the untidy suburbs of
Tsienville, he wondered what the Europs thought of recent events. For them,
there had been no eclipse of Lucifer, but the disappearance of the Great
Wall must surely have been a shock. It had stood there for a thousand years,
as a shield and doubtless much more; then, abruptly, it was gone, as if it
had never been...
The petabyte tablet was waiting for him, with a group of Europs
standing around it, demonstrating the first sign of curiosity that Poole had
ever observed in them. He wondered if Halman had somehow told them to watch
over this gift from space, until he came to collect it.
And to take it back, since it now contained not only a sleeping friend
but terrors which some future age might exorcise, to the only place where it
could be safely stored.
40 Midnight: Pico
It would be hard, Poole thought, to imagine a more peaceful scene --
especially after the trauma of the last weeks. The slanting rays of a nearly
full Earth revealed all the subtle details of the waterless Sea of Rains --
not obliterating them, as the incandescent fury of the Sun would do.
The small convoy of mooncars was arranged in a semicircle a hundred
metres from the inconspicuous opening at the base of Pico that was the
entrance to the Vault. From this viewpoint, Poole could see that the
mountain did not live up to the name that the early astronomers, misled by
its pointed shadow, had given to it. It was more like a rounded hill than a
sharp peak, and he could well believe that one of the local pastimes was
bicycle-riding to the summit. Until now, none of those sportsmen and women
could have guessed at the secret hidden beneath their wheels: he hoped that
the sinister knowledge would not discourage their healthy exercise.
An hour ago, with a sense of mingled sadness and triumph, he had handed
over the tablet he had brought --never letting it out of his sight -- from
Ganymede directly to the Moon.
'Good-bye, old friends,' he had murmured. 'You've done well. Perhaps
some future generation will reawaken you. But on the whole -- I rather hope
He could imagine, all too clearly, one desperate reason why Halman's
knowledge might be needed again. By now, surely, some message was on its way
to that unknown control centre, bearing the news that its servant on Europa
no longer existed. With reasonable luck, it would take 950 years, give or
take a few, before any response could be expected.
Poole had often cursed Einstein in the past; now he blessed him. Even
the powers behind the Monoliths, it now appeared certain, could not spread
their influence faster than the speed of light. So the human race should
have almost a millennium to prepare for the next encounter -- if there was
to be one. Perhaps by that time, it would be better prepared.
Something was emerging from the tunnel -- the track-mounted,
semi-humanoid robot that had carried the tablet into the Vault. It was
almost comic to see a machine enclosed in the kind of isolation suit used as
protection against deadly germs and here on the airless Moon! But no one was
taking any chances, however unlikely they might seem. After all, the robot
had moved among those carefully sequestered nightmares, and although
according to its video cameras everything appeared in order, there was
always a chance that some vial had leaked, or some canister's seal had
broken. The Moon was a very stable environment, but during the centuries it
had known many quakes and meteor impacts.
The robot came to a halt fifty metres outside the tunnel. Slowly, the
massive plug that sealed the Vault swung back into place, and began to
rotate in its threads, like a giant bolt being screwed into the mountain.
'All not wearing dark glasses, please close your eyes or look away from
the robot!' said an urgent voice over the mooncar radio. Poole twisted round
in his seat, just in time to see an explosion of light on the roof of the
vehicle. When he turned back to look at Pico, all that was left of the robot
was a heap of glowing slag; even to someone who had spent much of his life
surrounded by vacuum, it seemed altogether wrong that tendrils of smoke were
not slowly spiralling up from it.
'Sterilization completed,' said the voice of the Mission Controller.
'Thank you, everybody. Now returning to Plato City.'
How ironic -- that the human race had been saved by the skilful
deployment of its own insanities! What moral, Poole wondered, could one
possibly draw from that?
He looked back at the beautiful blue Earth, huddling beneath its
tattered blanket of clouds for protection against the cold of space. Up
there, a few weeks from now, he hoped to cradle his first grandson in his
Whatever godlike powers and principalities lurked beyond the stars,
Poole reminded himself, for ordinary humans only two things were important
-- Love and Death.
His body had not yet aged a hundred years: he still had plenty of time
'Their little universe is very young, and its god is still a child. But
it is too soon to judge them; when We return in the Last Days, We will
consider what should be saved.'
HELLO FRANK. THIS IS HAL.
Chapter 1: The Kuiper Belt
For a description of Captain Chandler's hunting ground, discovered as
recently as 1992, see 'The Kuiper Belt' by Jane X. Luu and David C. Jewitt
(Scientific American, May 1996)
Chapter 3: Rehabilitation
I believed that I had invented the palm-to-palm transfer of
information, so it was mortifying to discover that Nicholas ("Being
Digital") Negroponte (Hodder and Stoughton, 1995) and his MIT Media Lab have
been working on the idea for years...
Chapter 4: Star City
The concept of a 'ring around the world' in the geostationary orbit
(CEO), linked to the Earth by towers at the Equator, may seem utterly
fantastic but in fact has a firm scientific basis. It is an obvious
extension of the 'space elevator' invented by the St Petersburg engineer
Yuri Artsutanov, whom I had the pleasure of meeting in 1982, when his city
had a different name.
Yuri pointed out that it was theoretically possible to lay a cable
between the Earth and a satellite hovering over the same spot on the Equator
which it does when placed in the CEO, home of most of today's communications
satellites. From this beginning, a space elevator (or in Yuri's picturesque
phrase, 'cosmic funicular') could be established, and payloads could be
carried up to the CEO purely by electrical energy. Rocket propulsion would
be needed only for the remainder of the journey.
In addition to avoiding the danger, noise and environmental hazards of
rocketry, the space elevator would make possible quite astonishing
reductions in the cost of all space missions. Electricity is cheap, and it
would require only about a hundred dollars' worth to take one person to
orbit. And the round trip would cost about ten dollars, as most of the
energy would be recovered on the downward journey! (Of course, catering and
inflight movies would put up the price of the ticket. Would you believe a
thousand dollars to CEO and back?)
The theory is impeccable: but does any material exist with sufficient
tensile strength to hang all the way down to the Equator from an altitude of
36,000 kilometres, with enough margin left over to raise useful payloads?
When Yuri wrote his paper, only one substance met these rather stringent
specifications -- crystalline carbon, better known as diamond.
Unfortunately, the necessary megaton quantities are not readily available on
the open market, though in "2061: Odyssey Three" I gave reasons for thinking
that they might exist at the core of Jupiter. In "The Fountains of Paradise"
I suggested a more accessible source -- orbiting factories where diamonds
might be grown under zero-gravity conditions.
The first 'small step' towards the space elevator was attempted in
August 1992 on the Shuttle Atlantis, when one experiment involved the
release -- and retrieval -- of a payload on a 21-kilometre-long tether.
Unfortunately the playing-out mechanism jammed after only a few hundred
I was very flattered when the Atlantis crew produced The Fountains of
Paradise during their orbital press conference, and Mission Specialist
Jeffrey Hoffman sent me the autographed copy on their return to Earth.
The second tether experiment, in February 1996, was slightly more
successful: the payload was indeed deployed to its full distance, but during
retrieval the cable was severed, owing to an electrical discharge caused by
faulty insulation. This may have been a lucky accident -- perhaps the
equivalent of a blown fuse:
I cannot help recalling that some of Ben Franklin's contemporaries were
killed when they attempted to repeat his famous -- and risky -- experiment
of flying a kite during a thunderstorm.
Apart from possible dangers, playing-out tethered payloads from the
Shuttle appears rather like fly-fishing: is not as easy as it looks. But
eventually the final 'giant leap' will be made -- all the way down to the
Meanwhile, the discovery of the third form of carbon,
buckminsterfullerene (C60) has made the concept of the space elevator much
more plausible. In 1990 a group of chemists at Rice University, Houston,
produced a tubular form of C60 -- which has far greater tensile strength
than diamond. The group's leader, Dr Smalley, even went so far as to claim
it was the strongest material that could ever exist -- and added that it
would make possible the construction of the space elevator.
(Stop Press News: I am delighted to know that Dr Smalley has shared the
1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for this work.)
And now for a truly amazing coincidence -- one so eerie that it makes
me wonder Who Is In Charge.
Buckminster Fuller died in 1983, so never lived to see the discovery of
the 'buckyballs' and 'buckytubes' which have given him much greater
posthumous fame. During one of the last of his many world trips, I had the
pleasure of flying him and his wife Anne around Sri Lanka, and showed them
some of the locations featured in The Fountains of Paradise. Shortly
afterwards, I made a recording from the novel on a 12" (remember them?) LP
record (Caedmon TC 1606) and Bucky was kind enough to write the sleeve
notes. They ended with a surprising revelation, which may well have
triggered my own thinking about 'Star City':
'In 1951 I designed a free-floating tensegrity ring-bridge to be
installed way out from and around the Earth's equator. Within this "halo"
bridge, the Earth would continue its spinning while the circular bridge
would revolve at its own rate. I foresaw Earthian traffic vertically
ascending to the bridge, revolving and descending at preferred Earth loci'
I have no doubt that, if the human race decides to make such an
investment (a trivial one, according to some estimates of economic growth),
'Star City' could be constructed. In addition to providing new styles of
living, and giving visitors from low-gravity worlds like Mars and the Moon
better access to the Home Planet, it would eliminate all rocketry from the
Earth's surface and relegate it to deep space, where it belongs (Though I
hope there would be occasional anniversary re-enactments at Cape Kennedy, to
bring back the excitement of the pioneering days.)
Almost certainly most of the City would be empty scaffolding, and only
a very small fraction would be occupied or used for scientific or
technological purposes. After all, each of the Towers would be the
equivalent of a ten-million-floor skyscraper -- and the circumference of the
ring around the geostationary orbit would be more than half the distance to
the Moon! Many times the entire population of the human race could be housed
in such a volume of space, if it was all enclosed. (This would pose some
interesting logistics problems, which I am content to leave as 'an exercise
for the student'.)
Chapter 5: Education
I was astonished to read in a newspaper on 19 July 1996 that Dr Chris
Winter, head of British Telecom's Artificial Life Team, believes that the
information and storage device I described in this chapter could be
developed within 30 years! (In my 1956 novel The City and the Stars I put it
more than a billion years in the future... obviously a serious failure of
imagination.) Dr Winter states that it would allow us to 'recreate a person
physically, emotionally and spiritually', and estimates that the memory
requirements would be about 10 terabytes (10e13 bytes), two orders of
magnitude less than the petabyte (10e15 bytes) I suggest.
And I wish I'd thought of Dr Winter's name for this device, which will
certainly start some fierce debates in ecclesiastical circles: the 'Soul
Catcher'... For its application to interstellar travel, see following note
on Chapter 9.
For an excellent history of the 'Beanstalk' concept (as well as many
other even farther-out ideas such as anti-gravity and space-warps) see
Robert L. Forward's "Indistinguishable From Magic" (Baen 1995).
Chapter 7: Infinite Energy
If the inconceivable energy of the Zero Point Field (sometimes referred
to as 'quantum fluctuations' or 'vacuum energy') can ever be tapped, the
impact upon our civilization will be incalculable. All present sources of
power -- oil, coal, nuclear, hydro, solar -- would become obsolete, and so
would many of our fears about environmental pollution. They would all be
wrapped up in one big worry -- heat pollution. All energy eventually
degrades to heat, and if everyone had a few million kilowatts to play with,
this planet would soon be heading the way of Venus -- several hundred
degrees in the shade.
However, there is a bright side to the picture: there may be no other
way of averting the next Ice Age, which otherwise is inevitable
('Civilization is an interval between Ice Ages' -- Will Durant: "The Story
of Civilization", Fine Communications, US, 1993)
Even as I write this, many competent engineers, in laboratories all
over the world, claim to be tapping this new energy source. Some idea of its
magnitude is contained in a famous remark by the physicist Richard Feynman,
to the effect that the energy in a coffee-mug's volume (any such volume,
anywhere!) is enough to boil all the oceans of the world. This, surely, is a
thought to give one pause. By comparison, nuclear energy looks as feeble as
a damp match.
And how many supernovae, I wonder, really are industrial accidents?
Chapter 9: Skyland
One of the main problems of getting around in Star City would be caused
by the sheer distances involved: if you wanted to visit a friend in the next
Tower (and communications will never completely replace contact, despite all
advances in Virtual Reality) it could be the equivalent of a trip to the
Moon. Even with the fastest elevators this would involve days rather than
hours, or else accelerations quite unacceptable to people who had adapted to
The concept of an 'inertialess drive' -- i.e. a propulsion system that
acts on every atom of a body so that no strains are produced when it
accelerates -- was probably invented by the master of the 'Space Opera',
E.E. Smith, in the 1930s. It is not as improbable as it sounds -- because a
gravitational field acts in precisely this manner.
If you fall freely near the Earth (neglecting the effects of air
resistance) you will increase speed by just under ten metres per second,
every second. Yet you will feel weightless -- there will be no sense of
acceleration, even though your velocity is increasing by one kilometre a
second, every minute and a half!
And this would still be true if you were falling in Jupiter's gravity
(just over two-and-a-half times Earth's) or even the enormously more
powerful field of a white dwarf or neutron star (millions or billions of
times greater). You would feel nothing, even if you had approached the
velocity of light from a standing start in a matter of minutes. However, if
you were foolish enough to get within a few radii of the attracting object,
its field would no longer be uniform over the whole length of your body, and
tidal forces would soon tear you to pieces. For further details, see my
deplorable but accurately-titled short story 'Neutron Tide' (in "The Wind
from the Sun").
An 'inertialess drive', which would act exactly like a controllable
gravity field, had never been discussed seriously outside the pages of
science fiction until very recently. But in 1994 three American physicists
did exactly this, developing some ideas of the great Russian physicist
'Inertia as a Zero-Point Field Lorentz Force' by B. Haisch, A. Rueda &
H. F. Puthoff (Physics Review A, February 1994) may one day be regarded as a
landmark paper, and for the purposes of fiction I have made it so. It
addresses a problem so fundamental that it is normally taken for granted,
with a that's-just-the-way-the-universe-is-made shrug of the shoulders.
The question HR&P asked is: 'What gives an object mass (or inertia) so
that it requires an effort to start it moving, and exactly the same effort
to restore it to its original state?'
Their provisional answer depends on the astonishing -- and outside the
physicists' ivory towers -- little-known fact that so-called 'empty' space
is actually a cauldron of seething energies -- the Zero-Point Field (see
note above). HR&P suggest that both inertia and gravitation are
electromagnetic phenomena, resulting from interaction with this field.
There have been countless attempts, going all the way back to Faraday,
to link gravity and magnetism, and although many experimenters have claimed
success, none of their results has ever been verified. However, if HR&P's
theory can be proved, it opens up the prospect -- however remote -- of
anti-gravity, 'space drives' and the even more fantastic possibility of
controlling inertia. This could lead to some interesting situations: if you
gave someone the gentlest touch, they would promptly disappear at thousands
of kilometres an hour, until they bounced off the other side of the room a
fraction of a millisecond later. The good news is that traffic accidents
would be virtually impossible; automobiles -- and passengers -- could
collide harmlessly at any speed.
(And you think that today's life-styles are already too hectic?)
The 'weightlessness' which we now take for granted in space missions --
and which millions of tourists will be enjoying in the next century -- would
have seemed like magic to our grandparents. But the abolition -- or merely
the reduction -- of inertia is quite another matter, and may be completely
impossible.* But it's a nice thought, for it could provide the equivalent of
'teleportation': you could travel anywhere (at least on Earth) almost
instantaneously. Frankly, I don't know how 'Star City' could manage without
-- -- -- -- -- --
* As every Trekker knows, the Starship Enterprise uses 'inertial
dampers' to solve this particular problem. When asked how these work, the
series' technical advisor gave the only possible answer: 'very well, thank
you.' (See "The Physics of Star Trek" by Lawrence Krauss: HarperCollins,
-- -- -- -- -- --
One of the assumptions I have made in this novel is that Einstein is
correct, and that no signal -- or object -- can exceed the speed of light. A
number of highly mathematical papers have recently appeared suggesting that,
as countless science-fiction writers have taken for granted, galactic
hitch-hikers may not have to suffer this annoying disability.
On the whole, I hope they are right -- but there seems one fundamental
objection. If FTL is possible, where are all those hitchhikers -- or at
least the well-heeled tourists?
One answer is that no sensible ETs will ever build interstellar
vehicles, for precisely the same reason that we have never developed
coal-fuelled airships: there are much better ways of doing the job.
The surprisingly small number of 'bits' required to define a human
being, or to store all the information one could possibly acquire in a
lifetime, is discussed in 'Machine Intelligence, the Cost of Interstellar
Travel and Fermi's Paradox' by Louis K. Scheffer (Quarterly Journal of the
Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 35, No. 2, June 1994: pp. 157-75). This
paper (surely the most mind-stretching that the staid QJRAS has published in
its entire career!) estimates that the total mental state of a 100-year-old
human with a perfect memory could be represented by 10 to the 15th bits (one
petabit). Even today's optical fibres could transmit this amount of
information in a matter of minutes.
My suggestion that a Star Trek transporter would still be unavailable
in 3001 may therefore appear ludicrously shortsighted a mere century from
now* and the present lack of interstellar tourists is simply due to the fact
that no receiving equipment has yet been set up on Earth. Perhaps it's
already on its way by slow-boat...
-- -- -- -- -- --
* However, for a diametrically opposing view, see the above-mentioned
"Physics of Star Trek".
-- -- -- -- -- --
Chapter 15: Falcon
It gives me particular pleasure to pay this tribute to the crew of
Apollo 15. On their return from the Moon they sent me the beautiful relief
map of Falcon's landing site, which now has pride of place in my office. It
shows the routes taken by the Lunar Rover during its three excursions, one
of which skirted Earthlight Crater. The map bears the inscription: 'To
Arthur Clarke from the crew of Apollo 15 with many thanks for your visions
of space. Dave Scott, Al Worden, Jim Irwin.' In return, I have now dedicated
"Earthlight" (which, written in 1953, was set in the territory the Rover was
to drive over in 1971): 'To Dave Scott and Jim Irwin, the first men to enter
this land, and to Al Worden, who watched over them from orbit.'
After covering the Apollo 15 landing in the CBS studio with Walter
Cronkite and Wally Schirra, I flew to Mission Control to watch the re-entry
and splashdown. I was sitting beside Al Worden's little daughter when she
was the first to notice that one of the capsule's three parachutes had
failed to deploy. It was a tense moment, but luckily the remaining two were
quite adequate for the job.
Chapter 16: Asteroid 7794
See Chapter 18 of "2001: A Space Odyssey" for the description of the
probe's impact. Precisely such an experiment is now being planned for the
forthcoming Clementine 2 mission.
I am a little embarrassed to see that in my first Space Odyssey the
discovery of Asteroid 7794 was attributed to the Lunar Observatory -- in
1997! Well, I'll move it to 2017 -- in time for my 100th birthday.
Just a few hours after writing the above, I was delighted to learn that
Asteroid 4923 (1981 EO27), discovered by S. J. Bus at Siding Spring,
Australia, on 2 March 1981, has been named Clarke, partly in recognition of
Project Spaceguard (see "Rendezvous with Rama" and "The Hammer of God"). I
was informed, with profound apologies, that owing to an unfortunate
oversight Number 2001 was no longer available, having been allocated to
somebody named A. Einstein. Excuses, excuses.
But I was very pleased to learn that Asteroid 5020, discovered on the
same day as 4923, has been named Asimov -- though saddened by the fact that
my old friend could never know.
Chapter 17: Ganymede
As explained in the Valediction, and in the Author's Notes to "2010
Odyssey Two" and "2061 Odyssey Three", I had hoped that the ambitious
Galileo Mission to Jupiter and its moons would by now have given us much
more detailed knowledge -- as well as stunning close-ups -- of these strange
Well, after many delays, Galileo reached its first objective -- Jupiter
itself -- and is performing admirably. But, alas, there is a problem -- for
some reason, the main antenna never unfolded. This means that images have to
be sent back via a low-gain antenna, at an agonizingly slow rate. Although
miracles of onboard computer reprogramming have been done to compensate for
this, it will still require hours to receive information that should have
been sent in minutes.
So we must be patient -- and I was in the tantalizing position of
exploring Ganymede in fiction just before Galileo started to do so in
reality, on 27 June 1996.
On 11 July 1996, just two days before finishing this book, I downloaded
the first images from JPL; luckily nothing -- so far! --contradicts my
descriptions. But if the current vistas of cratered ice-fields suddenly give
way to palm trees and tropical beaches -- or, worse still, YANKEE GO HOME
signs, I'll be in real trouble .
I am particularly looking forward to close-ups of 'Ganymede City'
(Chapter 17). This striking formation is exactly as I described it -- though
I hesitated to do so for fear that my 'discovery' might be front-paged by
the National Prevaricator. To my eyes it appears considerably more
artificial than the notorious 'Mars Face' and its surroundings. And if its
streets and avenues are ten kilometres wide -- so what? Perhaps the Medes
The city will be found on the NASA Voyager images 20637.02 and
20637.29, or more conveniently in Figure 23.8 of John H. Rogers's monumental
"The Giant Planet Jupiter" (Cambridge University Press, 1995).
Chapter 19: The Madness of Mankind
For visual evidence supporting Khan's startling assertion that most of
mankind has been at least partially insane, see Episode 22, 'Meeting Mary',
in my television series Arthur C. Clarke's Mysterious Universe. And bear in
mind that Christians represent only a very small subset of our species: far
greater numbers of devotees than have ever worshipped the Virgin Mary have
given equal reverence to such totally incompatible divinities as Rama, Kali,
Siva, Thor, Wotan, Jupiter, Osiris, etc. etc....
The most striking -- and pitiful -- example of a brilliant man whose
beliefs turned him into a raving lunatic is that of Conan Doyle. Despite
endless exposures of his favourite psychics as frauds, his faith in them
remained unshaken. And the creator of Sherlock Holmes even tried to convince
the great magician Harry Houdini that he 'dematerialized' himself to perform
his feats of escapology -- often based on tricks which, as Dr Watson was
fond of saying, were 'absurdly simple'. (See the essay 'The Irrelevance of
Conan Doyle' in Martin Gardner's "The Night is Large", St Martin's Press,
For details of the Inquisition, whose pious atrocities make Pol Pot
look positively benign, see Carl Sagan's devastating attack on New Age
Nitwittery, "The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark"
(Headline, 1995). I wish it -- and Martin's book -- could be made required
reading in every high school and college.
At least the US Department of Immigration has taken action against one
religion-inspired barbarity. Time Magazine ('Milestones', 24 June 1996)
reports that asylum must now be granted to girls threatened with genital
mutilation in their countries of origin.
I had already written this chapter when I came across Anthony Storr's
"Feet of Clay: A Study of Gurus" (HarperCollins, 1996), which is a virtual
textbook on this depressing subject. It is hard to believe that one holy
fraud, by the time the US Marshals belatedly arrested him, had accumulated
ninety-three Rolls-Royces! Even worse -- eighty-three per cent of his
thousands of American dupes had been to college, and thus qualify for my
favourite definition of an intellectual: 'Someone who has been educated
beyond his/her intelligence.'
Chapter 26: Tsienville
In the 1982 preface to "2010: Odyssey Two", I explained why I named the
Chinese spaceship which landed on Europa after Dr Tsien Hsue-shen, one of
the founders of the United States and Chinese rocket programmers. As Iris
Chang states in her biography "Thread of the Silkworm" (Basic Books, 1995)
'his life is one of the supreme ironies of the Cold War'.
Born in 1911, Tsien won a scholarship which brought him from China to
the United States in 1935, where he became student and later colleague of
the brilliant Hungarian aerodynamicist Theodore von Karman. Later, as first
Goddard Professor at the California Institute of Technology, he helped
establish the Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory -- the direct ancestor of
Pasadena's famed Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
With top secret clearance, he contributed greatly to American rocket
research in the 1950s, but during the hysteria of the McCarthy era was
arrested on trumped-up security charges when he attempted to pay a visit to
his native China. After many hearings and a prolonged period of arrest, he
was finally deported to his homeland -- with all his unrivalled knowledge
and expertise. As many of his distinguished colleagues affirmed, it was one
of the most stupid (as well as most disgraceful) things the United States
After his expulsion, according to Thuang Fenggan, Deputy Director,
China National Space Administration, Tsien 'started the rocket business from
nothing... Without him, China would have suffered a twenty-year lag in
technology.' And a corresponding delay, perhaps, in the deployment of the
deadly 'Silkworm' anti-ship missile and the 'Long March' satellite launcher.
Shortly after I had completed this novel, the International Academy of
Astronautics honoured me with its highest distinction, the von Karman Award
-- to be given in Beijing! This was an offer I couldn't refuse, especially
when I learned that Dr Tsien is now a resident of that city. Unfortunately,
when I arrived there I discovered that he was in hospital for observation,
and his doctors would not permit visitors.
I am therefore extremely grateful to his personal assistant,
Major-General Wang Shouyun, for carrying suitably inscribed copies of 2010
and 2061 to Dr Tsien. In return the General presented me with the massive
volume he has edited, "Collected Works of H. S. Tsien: 1938-1956" (1991,
Science Press, 16, Donghuangcheggen North Street, Beijing 100707). It is a
fascinating collection, beginning with numerous collaborations with von
Karman on problems in aerodynamics, and ending with solo papers on rockets
and satellites. The very last entry, 'Thermonuclear Power Plants' (Jet
Propulsion, July 1956) was written while Dr Tsien was still a virtual
prisoner of the FBI, and deals with a subject that is even more topical
today -- though very little progress has been made towards 'a power station
utilizing the deuterium fusion reaction'.
Just before I left Beijing on 13 October 1996 I was happy to learn
that, despite his current age (85) and disability, Dr Tsien is still
pursuing his scientific studies. I sincerely hope that he enjoyed "2010" and
"2061", and look forward to sending him this "Final Odyssey" as an
Chapter 36: Chamber of Horrors
As the result of a series of Senate Hearings on Computer Security in
June 1996, on 15 July 1996 President Clinton signed Executive Order 13010 to
deal with 'computer-based attacks on the information or communications
components that control critical infrastructures ("cyber threats").' This
will set up a task force to counter cyberterrorism, and will have
representatives from the CIA, NSA, defense agencies, etc.
Pico, here we come...
Since writing the above paragraph, I have been intrigued to learn that
the finale of the movie Independence Day, which I have not yet seen, also
involves the use of computer viruses as Trojan horses! I am also informed
that its opening is identical to that of Childhood's End (1953), and that it
contains every known science-fiction cliche? since Me?lie`s's Trip to the
I cannot decide whether to congratulate the script-writers on their one
stroke of originality -- or to accuse them of the transtemporal crime of
pre-cognitive plagiarism. In any event, I fear there's nothing I can do to
stop John Q. Popcorn thinking that I have ripped off the ending of ID4.
The following material has been taken -- usually with major editing --
from the earlier books in the series:
From "2001 A Space Odyssey": Chapter 18 Through the Asteroids and
Chapter 37 Experiment.
From "2010: Odyssey Two": Chapter 11 Ice and Vacuum; Chapter 36 Fire in
the Deep: Chapter 38 Foamscape.
My thanks to IBM for presenting me with the beautiful little Thinkpad
755CD on which this book was composed. For many years I have been
embarrassed by the -- totally unfounded --rumour that the name HAL was
derived by one-letter displacement from IBM. In an attempt to exorcise this
computer-age myth, I even went to the trouble of getting Dr Chandra, HAL's
inventor, to deny it in 2010 Odyssey Two. However, I was recently assured
that, far from being annoyed by the association, Big Blue is now quite proud
of it. So I will abandon any future attempts to put the record straight --
and send my congratulations to all those participating in HAL's 'birthday
party' at (of course) the University of Illinois, Urbana, on 12 March 1997.
Rueful gratitude to my Del Rey Books editor, Shelly Shapiro, for ten
pages of niggles which, when dealt with, made a vast improvement to the
final product. (Yes, I've been an editor myself, and do not suffer from the
usual author's conviction that the members of this trade are frustrated
Finally, and most important of all: my deepest thanks to my old friend
Cyril Gardiner, Chairman of the Galle Face Hotel, for the hospitality of his
magnificent (and enormous) personal suite while I was writing this book: he
gave me a Tranquillity Base in a time of troubles. I hasten to add that,
even though it may not provide such extensive imaginary landscapes, the
facilities of the Galle Face are far superior to those offered by the
'Grannymede', and never in my life have I worked in more comfortable
Or, for that matter, in more inspirational ones, for a large plaque at
the entrance lists more than a hundred of the Heads of State and other
distinguished visitors who have been entertained here. They include Yuri
Gagarin, the crew of Apollo 12 -- the second mission to the Moon's surface
-- and a fine collection of stage and movie stars: Gregory Peck, Alec
Guinness, Noel Coward, Carrie Fisher of "Star Wars" fame... As well as
Vivien Leigh and Laurence Olivier -- both of whom make brief appearances in
"2061 Odyssey Three" (Chapter 37). I am honoured to see my name listed among
It seems appropriate that a project begun in one famous hotel -- New
York's Chelsea, that hotbed of genuine and imitation genius -- should be
concluded in another, half a world away. But it's strange to hear the
monsoon-lashed Indian Ocean roaring just a few yards outside my window,
instead of the traffic along far-off and fondly remembered 23rd Street.
SOURCES AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
It was with the deepest regret that I heard -- literally while editing
this acknowledgements -- that Cyril Gardiner died a few hours ago. It is
some consolation to know that he had already seen the above tribute and was
delighted with it.
'Never explain, never apologize' may be excellent advice for
politicians, Hollywood moguls and business tycoons, but an author should
treat his readers with more consideration. So, though I have no intention of
apologizing for anything, perhaps the complicated genesis of the Odyssey
Quartet requires a little explaining.
It all began at Christmas 1948 -- yes, 1948! -- with a 4,000-word short
story which I wrote for a contest sponsored by the British Broadcasting
Corporation. 'The Sentinel' described the discovery of a small pyramid on
the Moon, set there by some alien civilization to await the emergence of
mankind as a planet-faring species. Until then, it was implied, we would be
too primitive to be of any interest.* The BBC rejected my modest effort, and
it was not published until almost three years later in the one-and-only
(Spring 1951) issue of 10 Story Fantasy -- a magazine which, as the
invaluable "Encyclopaedia of Science Fiction" wryly comments, is 'primarily
remembered for its poor arithmetic (there were 13 stories)'.
'The Sentinel' remained in limbo for more than a decade, until Stanley
Kubrick contacted me in the spring of 1964 and asked if I had any ideas for
the 'proverbial' (i.e. still non-existent) 'good science-fiction movie'.
During the course of our many brainstorming sessions, as recounted in "The
Lost Worlds of 2001" (Sidgwick and Jackson, 1972) we decided that the
patient watcher on the Moon might provide a good starting point for our
story. Eventually it did much more than that, as somewhere during production
the pyramid evolved into the now famous black monolith.
-- -- -- -- -- --
* The search for alien artefacts in the Solar System should be a
perfectly legitimate branch of science ('exo-archaeology'?). Unfortunately,
it has been largely discredited by claims that such evidence has already
been found -- and has been deliberately suppressed by NASA! It is incredible
that anyone would believe such nonsense: far more likely that the space
agency would deliberately fake ET artefacts -- to solve its budget problems!
(Over to you, NASA Administrators...)
-- -- -- -- -- --
To put the Odyssey series in perspective, it must be remembered that
when Stanley and I started planning what we privately called 'How the Solar
System was Won' the Space Age was barely seven years old, and no human had
travelled more than a hundred kilometres from the home planet. Although
President Kennedy had announced that the United States intended to go to the
Moon 'in this decade', to most people that must still have seemed like a
far-off dream. When filming started just west of London* on a freezing 29
December 1965, we did not even know what the lunar surface looked like at
close quarters. There were still fears that the first word uttered by an
emerging astronaut would be 'Help!' as he disappeared into a
talcum-power-like layer of moondust. On the whole, we guessed fairly well:
only the fact that our lunar landscapes are more jagged than the real ones
-- smoothed by aeons of sand-blasting by meteoric dust -- reveals that 2001
was made in the pre-Apollo era.
-- -- -- -- -- --
* At Shepperton, destroyed by the Martians in one of the most dramatic
scenes in wells's masterpiece, The War of the Worlds.
-- -- -- -- -- --
Today, of course, it seems ludicrous that we could have imagined giant
space-stations, orbiting Hilton Hotels, and expeditions to Jupiter as early
as 2001. It is now difficult to realize that back in the 1960s there were
serious plans for permanent Moon bases and Mars landings -- by 1990! Indeed,
in the CBS studio, immediately after the Apollo 11 launch, I heard the
Vice-President of the United States proclaim exuberantly: 'Now we must go to
As it turned out, he was lucky not to go to prison. That scandal, plus
Vietnam and Watergate, is one of the reasons why these optimistic scenarios
When the movie and book of "2001 A Space Odyssey" made their appearance
in 1968, the possibility of a sequel had never crossed my mind. But in 1979
a mission to Jupiter really did take place, and we obtained our first
close-ups of the giant planet and its astonishing family of moons.
The Voyager space-probes* were, of course, unmanned, but the images
they sent back made real -- and totally unexpected -- worlds from what had
hitherto been merely points of light in the most powerful telescopes. The
continually erupting sulphur volcanoes of Io, the multiply-impacted face of
Callisto, the weirdly contoured landscape of Ganymede -- it was almost as if
we had discovered a whole new Solar System. The temptation to explore it was
irresistible; hence 2010 Odyssey Two, which also gave me the opportunity to
find out what happened to David Bowman, after he had awakened in that
enigmatic hotel room.
-- -- -- -- -- --
* Which employed a 'slingshot' or 'gravity-assist' manoeuvre by flying
close to Jupiter
-- -- -- -- -- --
In 1981, when I started writing the new book, the Cold War was still in
progress, and I felt I was going out on a limb -- as well as risking
criticism -- by showing a joint US-Russian mission. I also underlined my
hope of future co-operation by dedicating the novel to Nobelist Andrei
Sakharov (then still in exile) and Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov -- who, when I
told him in 'Star Village' that the ship would be named after him,
exclaimed, with typical ebullience, 'Then it will be a good ship!'
It still seems incredible to me that, when Peter Hyams made his
excellent film version in 1983, he was able to use the actual close-ups of
the Jovian moons obtained in the Voyager missions (some of them after
helpful computer processing by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, source of the
originals). However, far better images were expected from the ambitious
Galileo mission, due to carry out a detailed survey of the major satellites
over a period of many months. Our knowledge of this new territory,
previously obtained only from a brief flyby, would be enormously expanded --
and I would have no excuse for not writing "Odyssey Three".
Alas -- something tragic on the way to Jupiter. It had been planned to
launch Galileo from the Space Shuttle in 1986 -- but the Challenger disaster
ruled out that option, and it soon became clear -- precisely as was done by
Discovery in the book version of 2001 -- that we would get no new
information from Io and Europa, Ganymede and Callisto, for at least another
I decided not to wait, and the (1985) return of Halley's Comet to the
inner Solar System gave me an irresistible theme. Its next appearance in
2061 would be good timing for a third Odyssey, though as I was not certain
when I could deliver it I asked my publisher for a rather modest advance. It
is with much sadness that I quote the dedication of "2061 Odyssey Three":
who bought this book for one dollar
-- but never knew if she got her money's worth.
Obviously there is no way in which a series of four science-fiction
novels, written over a period of more than thirty years of the most
breathtaking developments in technology (especially in space exploration)
and politics, could be mutually consistent. As I wrote in the introduction
to 2061: 'Just as 2010 was not a direct sequel to 2001, so this book is a
not a linear sequel to 2010. They must all be considered as variations on
the same theme, involving many of the same characters and situations, but
not necessarily happening in the same universe.' If you want a good analogy
from another medium, listen to what Rachmaninoff and Andrew Lloyd Webber did
to the same handful of notes by Paganini.
So this "Final Odyssey" has discarded many of the elements of its
precursors, but developed others -- and I hope more important ones -- in
much greater detail. And if any readers of the earlier books feel
disorientated by such transmutations, I hope I can dissuade them from
sending me angry letters of denunciation by adapting one of the more
endearing remarks of a certain US President: 'It's fiction, stupid!'
And it's all my own fiction, in case you hadn't noticed. Though I have
much enjoyed my collaborations with Gentry Lee,* Michael Kube-McDowell and
the late Mike McQuay -- and won't hesitate again to call on the best hired
guns in the business if I have future projects that are too big to handle
myself -- this particular Odyssey had to be a solo job.
-- -- -- -- -- --
* By an unlikely coincidence, Gentry was Chief Engineer on the Galileo
and Viking projects. (See Introduction to Rama II). It wasn't his fault that
the Galileo antenna didn't unfurl...
-- -- -- -- -- --
So every word is mine: well, almost every word, I must confess that I
found Professor Thirugnanasampanthamoorthy (Chapter 35) in the Colombo
Telephone Directory; I hope the present owner of that name will not object
to the loan. There are also a few borrowings from the great Oxford English
Dictionary. And what do you know -- to my delighted surprise, I find it uses
no fewer than 66 quotations from my own books to illustrate the meaning and
use of words!
Dear OED, if you find any useful examples in these pages, please be my
guest -- again.
I apologize for the number of modest coughs (about ten, at last count)
in this Afterword; but the matters to which they drew attention seemed too
relevant to be omitted.
Finally, I would like to assure my many Buddhist, Christian, Hindu,
Jewish and Muslim friends that I am sincerely happy that the religion which
Chance has given you has contributed to your peace of mind (and often, as
Western medical science now reluctantly admits, to your physical
Perhaps it is better to be un-sane and happy, than sane and un-happy.
But it is best of all to be sane and happy.
Whether our descendants can achieve that goal will be the greatest
challenge of the future. Indeed, it may well decide whether we have any
Arthur C. Clarke
Colombo, Sri Lanka
19 September 1996
IN MEM0RIAM: 18 SEPTEMBER 1996
ðÏÐÕÌÑÒÎÏÓÔØ: 36, Last-modified: Sun, 17 Dec 2006 08:59:37 GMT